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Alex Colville Life & Work by Ray Cronin
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Photo Credits

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Credit for Cover Image

Horse and Train, 1954. (See below for details.)


Credit for Banner Images

Biography: Captain D.A. Colville at work in Ottawa, in front of his completed Infantry Near Nijmegen, Holland, 1946. George Metcalf Archival Collection, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa (20040082-03). © Canadian War Museum.
Key Works: Nude and Dummy, 1950. (See below for details.)
Significance & Critical Issues: Alex Colville, Horse and Girl, 1984. (See below for details.)
Style & Technique: Kiss with Honda, 1989. (See below for details.)
Sources & Resources: Alex Colville in his studio, Wolfville, Nova Scotia, 1983. Library and Archives Canada, Ottawa (R11224-4384-1-F). Photo credit: Walter Curtin, Library and Archives Canada.
Where to See: Installation view of the exhibition Alex Colville: Recent Paintings and Drawings (2010) at the Mira Godard Gallery, Toronto. © Mira Godard Gallery.


Credits for Works by Alex Colville

A German Flare Goes Up, 1944. Beaverbrook Collection of War Art, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa (19710261-1676). © Canadian War Museum.
After Swimming, 1955. Collection of the Dalhousie University Art Gallery, Halifax. Purchased with funds donated by the Dalhousie University Alumni, Women’s division, 1958 (1958-1-2). © A.C. Fine Art Inc.
Artist and Car, 2008. Private collection. © A.C. Fine Art Inc.
Black Cat, 1996. Collection of the Owens Art Gallery, Mount Alison University, Sackville (2013.37). © A.C. Fine Art Inc.
Bodies in a Grave, Belsen, 1946. Beaverbrook Collection of War Art, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa (19710261-2033). © Canadian War Museum.
Child and Dog, 1952. Collection of the National Gallery of Canada, purchased 1954 (no. 6257). © A.C. Fine Art Inc.
Church and Horse, 1964. Collection of the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, purchase, Horsley and Annie Townsend bequest and anonymous donor (1966.1529). © A.C. Fine Art Inc.
Convoy in Yorkshire, No. 2, 1944. Beaverbrook Collection of War Art, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa (19710261-2046). © Canadian War Museum.
Couple on the Beach, 1957. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, purchased 1959 (no. 7744). © National Gallery of Canada. Photo credit: National Gallery of Canada.
Cover of Alex Colville: Diary of a War Artist, compiled by Graham Metson and Cheryl Lean (Halifax: Nimbus Publishing, 1981), featuring Alex Colville’s watercolour drawing Dead City, 24 Feb.–2 Mar. 1945 (detail), 1945. Reproduced by permission of Nimbus Publishing. © A.C. Fine Art Inc.
Cover of Alex Colville: Return, by Tom Smart (Vancouver: Douglas & McIntyre, 2003), featuring Alex Colville’s painting On a River, 1996. Reproduced by permission of Harbour Publishing. © A.C. Fine Art Inc.
Cover of The Progress of Love, by Alice Munro (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1986), featuring Alex Colville’s painting Elm Tree at Horton Landing, 1956. Reproduced by permission from Penguin Random House Canada. Image © A.C. Fine Art Inc.
Cyclist and Crow, 1981. Collection of the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, gift of Lavalin Inc. © A.C. Fine Art Inc.
Dog and Groom, 1991. Private collection. © A.C. Fine Art Inc.
Dog, Boy, and St. John River, 1958. Collection of the Museum London, Ontario Art Fund, 1959 (59.A79). © A.C. Fine Art Inc.
Dog in Car, 1999. Collection of the Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, Halifax, purchased with funds provided by the Art Sales and Rental Society, Halifax, Nova Scotia, 2002 (2002.89). © A.C. Fine Art Inc.
Dressing Room, 2002. Collection of Fox Harb’r Golf Resort & Spa.
Embarkation, 1994. Beaverbrook Art Gallery, Fredericton, gift of Harrison McCain, C.C. (1995.09). © A.C. Fine Art Inc.
Family and Rainstorm, 1955. Collection of the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa. Purchased 1957 (no. 6754). © A.C. Fine Art Inc. Photo credit: National Gallery of Canada.
Four Figures on Wharf, 1952. Collection of the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, purchased 1955 (no. 6337) © A.C. Fine Art Inc. Photo credit: National Gallery of Canada.
French Cross, 1988. Private collection. © A.C. Fine Art Inc.
Horse and Girl, 1984. Private collection. © A.C. Fine Art Inc.
Horse and Train, 1954. Collection of the Art Gallery of Hamilton, gift of Dominion Foundries and Steel Limited (Dofasco), 1957. © A.C. Fine Art Inc.
Infantry, 1945. Beaverbrook Collection of War Art, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa (19710261-2054). © Canadian War Museum.
Infantry Near Nijmegan, Holland, 1946. Beaverbrook Collection of War Art, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa (19710261-2079). © Canadian War Museum.
Interior Owens Art Gallery with Figure, 1941. Private collection. © A.C. Fine Art Inc.
Kiss with Honda, 1989. Private collection. © A.C. Fine Art Inc.
Landing Craft Assault Off Southern France, 1944. Beaverbrook Collection of War Art, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa (19710261-1679). © Canadian War Museum.
Living Room, 1999–2000. Collection of the National Gallery of Canada, purchased 2000 (no. 40408). © A.C. Fine Art Inc. Photo credit: National Gallery of Canada.
Nude and Dummy, 1950. Collection of the New Brunswick Museum, Saint John, purchased from the artist, 1951 (A51-4(2). © A.C. Fine Art Inc. Photo credit: © AGO.
Nudes on Shore, 1950. Beaverbrook Art Gallery, Fredericton, gift of Lord Beaverbrook (1959.40). © AC Fine Art Inc.
Ocean Limited, 1962. Collection of the Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, Halifax, purchased with funds provided by Christopher Ondaatje, Toronto, Ontario, the Art Sales and Rental Society, Halifax, Nova Scotia, and a private donor, 1994 (1994.18). © A.C. Fine Art Inc.
Railroad over Marsh, 1947. Collection of the Beaverbrook Art Gallery, Fredericton, gift of Mr. Albert Werenfels (1959.41). © A.C. Fine Art Inc.
Refrigerator, 1977. Private collection. © A.C. Fine Art Inc.
Pacific, 1967. Private collection. © A.C. Fine Art Inc. Photo credit: © AGO.
Peggy’s Cove, Nova Scotia, 1940. Collection of the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, gift of Dr. Helen J. Dow, Ottawa, 1993 (94/103). © A.C. Fine Art Inc.
Self Portrait, 1940. Private collection. © A.C. Fine Art Inc.
Skater, 1964. Collection of the Museum of Modern Art, New York, gift of R.H. Donnelley Erdman (by exchange) (372.1965). © A.C. Fine Art Inc.
Sketch Drawing, A Dead Horse, 1945. Beaverbrook Collection of War Art, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa (19710261-2050). © Canadian War Museum.
Sketch for Ocean Limited, c. 1961. Collection of the Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, Halifax, gift of the artist (1998.333.1). © A.C. Fine Art Inc.
Sketch No. 11 for Pacific, 1967. Collection of the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, gift of the artist, Wolfville, Nova Scotia, 1974 (no. 18130.11). © A.C. Fine Art Inc. Photo credit: National Gallery of Canada.
Sleeper, 1975. Collection of the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, Alex Colville fonds, gift of Mira Godard, Toronto, 2000 (40528). © A.C. Fine Art Inc. Photo credit: National Gallery of Canada.
Soldier and Girl at Station, 1953. Collection of the Art Gallery of Ontario, The Thomson Collection (103990). © Art Gallery of Ontario.
Studio, 2000. Private collection. © A.C. Fine Art Inc.
Study for Cyclist and Crow, July 2, 1981. Private collection. © A.C. Fine Art Inc. Photo credit: Steve Farmer.
Study for Horse and Train, 1954. Private collection © A.C. Fine Art Inc. Photo credit: Steve Farmer.
Study for Nude and Dummy, 1950. Galerie d’art Louise-et-Reuben-Cohen, Université de Moncton © A.C. Fine Art Inc.
Study for Sackville Railway Station mural (Soldier and Girl), 1942. Private collection. © A.C. Fine Art Inc.
Study for St. Croix Rider, December 30–31, 1996. Private collection. © A.C. Fine Art Inc. Photo credit: Steve Farmer.
Surveyor, 2001. Collection of Sprott Securities, Toronto. © A.C. Fine Art Inc.
Target Pistol and Man, 1980. Private collection. © A.C. Fine Art Inc. Photo credit: © AGO.
The History of Mount Allison, 1948. Collection of the Wallace McCain Student Centre, Mount Allison University, Sackville (1948.1). © A.C. Fine Art Inc.
The Nijmegen Bridge, Holland, 1946. Beaverbrook Collection of War Art, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa (19710261-2094). © Canadian War Museum.
Three Girls on a Wharf, 1953. Collection of the Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, gift of Christopher Ondaatje, Toronto, Ontario, 1994 (1994.25). © A.C. Fine Art Inc.
To Prince Edward Island, 1965. Collection of the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, purchased 1966 (no. 14954). © National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa. Photo credit: National Gallery of Canada.
Tragic Landscape, 1945. Beaverbrook Collection of War Art, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa (19710261-2126). © Canadian War Museum.
Traveller, 1992. Collection of the Art Gallery of Hamilton, anonymous bequest, 2014. © A.C. Fine Art Inc.
Untitled, 1940. Collection of the Owens Art Gallery, Mount Allison University, Sackville, purchased with funds from the Suzanne Silvercruys Estate (2000.8). © A.C. Fine Art Inc.
Verandah, 1983. Private collection. © A.C. Fine Art Inc.
West Brooklyn Road, 1996. Collection of Fox Harb’r Golf Resort & Spa. © A.C. Fine Art Inc.
Western Star, 1985. Collection of the Musée d’art contemporain de Montréal, Lavalin Collection © A.C. Fine Art Inc.
Windmill and Farm, 1947. Collection of the Carleton University Art Gallery, Ottawa, gift of Dr. Elizabeth Harfenist, 1996. © A.C. Fine Art Inc.
Woman in Bathtub, 1973. Collection of the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, purchase with assistance from Wintario, 1978 (78/124). © A.C. Fine Art Inc.
Woman, Man, and Boat, 1952. Collection of the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, purchased 1954 (no. 6258). © A.C. Fine Art Inc. Photo credit: National Gallery of Canada.


Credits for Photographs and Works by Other Artists

401 Towards London No. 1, 1968–69, by Jack Chambers. Collection of the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, gift of Norcen Energy Resources Limited, 1986 (86/47). © Jack Chambers Estate.
A Colville family portrait, 1951. From left to right: John, Graham, Alex, Rhoda, Ann, and Charles. Courtesy of the Colville Family.
A Sunday on La Grande Jatte – 1884, 1884–86, by Georges Seurat. Collection of the Art Institute of Chicago, Helen Birch Bartlett Memorial Collection (1926.224).
Adam and Eve, 1504, by Albrecht Durer. Collection of the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, purchased 1957 (no. 6878). Photo credit: National Gallery of Canada.
Alex and Rhoda Colville on their wedding day 1942. The couple are pictured in front of Rhoda’s family home in Wolfville, Nova Scotia, where they lived from 1973 until 1998. Courtesy of the Colville Family.
Alex and Rhoda Colville, with Min, outside their home in Wolfville, Nova Scotia, 1988. Courtesy of the Colville Family. Photo credit: Guido Mangold.
Alex Colville, age eleven, near Tidnish, Nova Scotia, where his family had a summer cottage. Courtesy of the Colville Family.
Alex Colville, age eighteen, with his parents, David and Florence. Courtesy of the Colville Family.
Alex Colville, C.C., 1986. Photograph by Harry Palmer.
Bad Boy, 1981, by Eric Fischl. Collection of the artist. © Eric Fischl.
Colville Mackerel 6066 (Dime), 2013, photograph by William Eakin. © William Eakin. Courtesy of Stephen Bulger Gallery.
Colville Wolf 6275 (Half Dollar), 2013, photograph by William Eakin. © William Eakin. Courtesy of Stephen Bulger Gallery.
Colville working on his painting Bodies in a Grave, 1946. Courtesy of the Colville Family.
Cover of Maclean’s magazine featuring “The World of Alex Colville,” August 1, 1983. Used with permission of Rogers Media Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Expulsion from the Garden of Eden, c. 1426–28 (altered in 1680, restored in 1980), by Masaccio. Brancacci Chapel, Santa Maria del Carmine, Florence.
First-year portrait class taught by Stanley Royle. Alex Colville stands at easel, far right. Mount Allison University Archives, Sackville (2007.07/501).
Hotel Bedroom, 1954, by Lucian Freud. Collection of the Beaverbrook Art Gallery, Fredericton, gift of the Beaverbrook Foundation. © The Lucian Freud Archive/Bridgeman Images.
Incoming Tide, Peggy’s Cove, 1935, by Stanley Royle. Collection of the Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, Halifax, gift of Willard Strug, Halifax, Nova Scotia, 2005 (2005.490).
Installation view of the Alex Colville exhibition at the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, in 2014. © Art Gallery of Ontario. Photo credit: Dean Tomlinson.
Riderless Horse in President John F. Kennedy’s Funeral Procession to St. Matthew’s Cathedral, November 25, 1963. John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum, Boston (KN-C30749). Photo credit: Robert Knudson.
Lunch on the Grass (Le déjeuner sur l’herbe), by Édouard Manet, 1863, oil on canvas. Musée d’Orsay, Etienne Moreau Nélaton donation, 1906 © RMN-Grand Palais (Musée d’Orsay) / Hervé Lewandowski.
Lieutenant D. Alex Colville, War Artist, Third Canadian Infantry Division, Germany, March 4, 1945. Department of National Defence Archives, Library and Archives Canada, Ottawa (PA-206003). Photograph by Lieut. Barney J. Gloster.
Niccolò Mauruzi da Tolentino at the Battle of San Romano, c. 1438–40, by Paolo Uccello. Collection of The National Gallery, London, purchased 1857 (NG583).
Shut-in Indian Harbour, 1937, by Donald Cameron Mackay. Collection of the Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, Halifax, gift of the Nova Scotia Society of Artists, Diploma Collection, Halifax, Nova Scotia, 1974 (1974.22). © Estate of Donald Cameron Mackay.
State Park, 1946, by Jared French. Collection of the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, gift of Mr. and Mrs. R. H. Donnelley Erdman (65.78).
Still from the film Heat, directed by Michael Mann, 1995. Reproduced by permission from Monarchy Enterprises, BV & Regency Entertainment (USA), Inc.
Supper Table, 1969, by Mary Pratt. Collection of the artist. © Mary Pratt.
Susanna and the Elders, c. 1555, by Jacopo Robusti (Tintoretto). Collection of the Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna.
The Horse in Motion, c. 1878, by Eadweard Muybridge. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division (LOT 3081).
The Three Graces, c. 1504, by Raphael Sanzio da Urbino. Collection of the Musée Condé, Chantilly.
Three Reclining Nudes, c. 1928, by Henry Moore. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, gift of Henry Moore, 1974 (74/86.1). © The Henry Moore Foundation. All Rights Reserved, DACS / SODRAC (2017) www.henry-moore.org.
Woman at a Dresser, 1964, by Christopher Pratt. Collection of the McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinberg, gift of ICI Canada (1995.19.43). © Christopher Pratt.


Acknowledgements

From the Author
I was honoured to be asked to write a book about Alex Colville for the Art Canada Institute, and I would like to thank Sara Angel and Anna Hudson for the opportunity. I want to acknowledge the work of so many scholars and curators before me, whose research was invaluable in developing this project. In particular, the insights and approaches of David Burnett, Mark Cheetham, Helen J. Dow, Philp Fry, Andrew Hunter, and Tom Smart, in their excellent books on Colville, were invaluable in my research. The staff at the ACI were unfailingly helpful and professional, and I would like to thank the team led by Kendra Ward for making this book possible. My editor, Shannon Anderson, was a pleasure to work with, and her care and attention made this a much better project. Finally, I would like to thank Ann Kitz, and the entire Colville family, for being so helpful and accommodating with this book project, which could not have existed without their support.


From the ACI
This online art book was made possible thanks to its Title Sponsor: Kiki and Ian Delaney. Much gratitude goes to the Founding Sponsor for the Canadian Online Art Book Project: BMO Financial Group.


The Art Canada Institute gratefully acknowledges its other sponsors for the 2017–18 Season: Aimia, Consignor Canadian Fine Art, Richard and Donna Ivey, The Sabourin Family Foundation, Sandra L. Simpson, and TD Bank.


Thanks also to the Art Canada Institute Founding Patrons: Jalynn H. Bennett, the Butterfield Family Foundation, David and Vivian Campbell, Albert E. Cummings, Kiki and Ian Delaney, Jon and Lyne Dellandrea, the Fleck Family, Roger and Kevin Garland, Gershon Iskowitz Foundation, The Glorious & Free Foundation, The Scott Griffin Foundation, Michelle Koerner and Kevin Doyle, Jane Huh, Phil Lind, Sarah and Tom Milroy, Nancy McCain and Bill Morneau, Gerald Sheff and Shanitha Kachan, Sandra L. Simpson, Stephen Smart, Pam and Mike Stein, Nalini and Tim Stewart, Robin and David Young, Sara and Michael Angel; its Visionary Patrons: Connor, Clark & Lunn Foundation and Lawson Hunter; as well as its Founding Partner Patrons: The Pierre Elliott Trudeau Foundation and Partners in Art.


The ACI gratefully acknowledges the support and assistance of the Art Gallery of Nova Scotia (Shannon Parker, Troy Wagner); Art Gallery of Ontario (Stephanie Burdzy, Tracy Mallon-Jenson, Marilyn Nazar); Beaverbrook Art Gallery (Sarah Dick); Bridgeman Images (Addie Warner); Canadian War Museum (Susan Ross); Galerie d’art Louise-et-Reuben-Cohen, Université de Moncton (Nisk Imbeault); Harbour Publishing (Howard White); Library and Archives Canada; Maclean’s magazine (Liz Sullivan and Nicole Wynter); McMichael Canadian Art Collection (Alexandra Cousins); Menil Foundation (Margaret McKee); Mira Godard Gallery (Gisella Giacalone); Mount Allison University Archives (David Wawhinney); National Gallery of Canada (Raven Amiro); New Regency Productions (Lisa Seed); Nimbus Publishing (Terilee Bulger); Owens Art Gallery, Mount Allison University (Roxamy Ibbitson, Jane Tisdale); Penguin Random House Canada (Dana Francoeur); SODRAC (Maude Pelletier); Stephen Bulger Gallery (Robyn Zolnai); Studio of Eric Fischl (Catherine Tafur); The Rooms (Mireille Eagan); Whitney Museum of American Art (Anita Duquette, Micah Musheno); and John Chambers, William Eakin, Brenda Kielley, Ann Kitz, Frankie Macaulay, Margot Mackay, Harry Palmer, Christopher Pratt, and Mary Pratt.


Publisher: Sara Angel
Executive Editor: Kendra Ward
Web & Layout Director: Simone Wharton
Editor: Shannon Anderson
Copy Editor: Alicia Peres
Proofreader: Heather Sangster/Strong Finish
Translator: Christine Poulin
French Copy Editor: Annie Champagne

French Proofreader: Ginette Jubinville
Image Research Associate: Julia Lum
Digital Image Specialist: Rachel Topham
Layout Designer and Associate: Emily Derr
French Layout Associate: Alicia Peres
Design Template: Concrete Design Communications



Copyright

© 2017 Art Canada Institute. All rights reserved.

ISBN 978-1-4871-0138-1

Art Canada Institute
Massey College, University of Toronto
4 Devonshire Place
Toronto, ON M5S 2E1


Library and Archives Canada Cataloguing in Publication


Cronin, Ray, 1964–, author
          Alex Colville : life & work / Ray Cronin.

Includes bibliographical references.
ISBN 978-1-4871-0138-1 (HTML).—ISBN 978-1-4871-0140-4 (PDF).—
ISBN 978-1-4871-0141-1 (mobile)

         1. Colville, Alex, 1920–2013.  2. Colville, Alex, 1920–2013—
Criticism and interpretation.  I. Art Canada Institute, issuing body  
II. Title.

ND249.C58C76 2017                      759.11                   C2017-904228-9