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Throughout his long career, Sorel Etrog participated in exhibitions around the world while maintaining his base in Canada from the early 1960s until his death in 2014. The literature around his art is extensive and varied, consisting of monographs by world-renowned art historians and critics, exhibition catalogues from prestigious national and international institutions, as well as numerous articles and reviews by leading writers. Etrog was himself a talented and prolific writer of both creative work and interpretive texts regarding his own work.


The Hennick Family Wellness Gallery, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, 2020
The Sorel Etrog Collection at The Hennick Family Wellness Gallery, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, 2020, photograph by Toni Hafkenscheid.



Key Exhibitions


Etrog Oil Paintings in Relief, Watercolors and Drawings, ZOA House, Tel Aviv, Israel. Exhibition publication.



Etrog: Painting on Wood / Sculptures / Drawings, Gallery Moos, Toronto. Exhibition publication.



Sorel Etrog: Sculpture, Rose Fried Gallery, New York. Exhibition publication.


Fifteen Canadian Artists, Museum of Modern Art, New York.



Etrog. Gallery Moos, Toronto; Felix Landau Gallery, Los Angeles; Galerie Dresdnère, Montreal, and Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York. Exhibition publication.



Canadian Pavilion (with Yves Gaucher and Alex Colville) at the 23rd Biennale di Venezia, Venice. Exhibition publication.



Architecture and Sculpture in Canada, Canadian Government Pavilion, Expo 67, Montreal.


Sculpture ’67, An Open-Air Exhibition of Canadian Sculpture Presented by the National Gallery of Canada as Part of Its Centennial Program, City Hall, Toronto. Exhibition publication.



Sorel Etrog, 1958–1968, Palazzo Strozzi, Florence, 1968. Exhibition publication.


(Through December 1969) Sorel Etrog: One Decade. A travelling exhibition in Ontario, organized by the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto (Scarborough College, Toronto; London Public Library and Art Museum; Rothmans Art Gallery, Stratford; McMaster University, Hamilton; Rodman Hall, St. Catharines; University of Guelph; Agnes Etherington Art Centre, Kingston; Glenhyrst Art Gallery of Brant, Brantford; Waterloo Lutheran University; Art Gallery of Oshawa). Exhibition publication.



IV Exposition internationale de sculpture contemporaine, Musée Rodin, Paris.


Artists at Dartmouth: A Retrospective of Selected Artists in Residence at Dartmouth College since 1962, New City Hall, Boston.



Art 4 ’73:  Basel. Internazionale Kunstmesse, Kunstmuseum, Basel, Switzerland.



Sorel Etrog: Recent Works, Marlborough Godard, Toronto; Galerie Mira Godard, Montreal; Marlborough Gallery, New York.



L’oiseau qui n’existe pas, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris.



The Modernists: 20th Century Sculpture from Auguste Rodin to Anthony Caro, Koffler Gallery, Toronto.



The Cult of the Head: Sculptures by Sorel Etrog, Singapore Art Museum. Exhibition publication.


Shape Shifters, Art Gallery of Hamilton. Exhibition publication.



Word and Image: Samuel Beckett and the Visual Text, Robert W. Woodruff Library, Emory University, Atlanta, GA.



Sorel Etrog, Composites, Christopher Cutts Gallery, Toronto. Exhibition publication.



The Links: Meditations on the Human Condition, Simon Fraser University Gallery and Buschlen Mowatt Galleries, Vancouver. Exhibition publication.



Sorel Etrog: Five Decades, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto. Exhibition publication.



The Sorel Etrog Collection at the Hennick Family Wellness Gallery, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto. Exhibition publication for gallery opening.



Selected Writings and Artist Books by Etrog

Cover of artist-book Chocs
Cover of artist-book Chocs, with text by Eugène Ionesco designed and illustrated by Sorel Etrog (New York: Martha Jackson Gallery, 1969).
Cover of Dream Chamber: Joyce and the Dada Circus, a collage by Sorel Etrog
Cover of Dream Chamber: Joyce and the Dada Circus, a collage by Sorel Etrog. About Roaratorio: an Irish Circus on Finnegans Wake by John Cage, ed. by Robert O’Driscoll (Toronto: Black Brick Press, Dublin: Dolmen Press, 1982).

In addition to his creative work as sculptor, painter, draftsman, and more, Etrog wrote a range of experimental texts, including plays, poetry, and short stories, as well as the artist’s books on which he collaborated with noted thinkers and writers.


With Claude Aveline. “L’oiseau qui n’existe pas,” Venice: Edition del Cavallino, 1967.


“Links,” Art International 12, no. 9, 1968.


With Eugene Ionesco. Chocs. New York: Martha Jackson Gallery, 1969.


“Dream Chamber: Joyce and the Dada Circus, a Collage,” in Robert O’Driscoll, ed. Dream Chamber: Joyce and the Dada Circus, a Collage by Sorel Etrog. About Roaratorio: an Irish Circus on Finnegans Wake by John Cage, Toronto: Black Brick Press; Dublin: Dolmen Press, 1982.


With Samuel, Beckett. Imagination Dead Imagine. London: John Calder Publishers, 1982.


“Hinges: A Play,” New Writing and Writers 20, in John Calder, ed. London: John Calder Publishers; New York: Riverrun Press, 1983.


The Kite / Le Cerf-Volant, introduction by Robert O’Driscoll, text by Martin Esslin, in Sorel Etrog, The Kite / Le Cerf-Volant. London: John Calder Publishers, 1984.


Images from the film Spiral. Text by Marshall McLuhan. Toronto: Exile Editions, 1987.



Selected Critical Writings on Etrog’s Work

Cover of The Painted Constructions 1952-60 of Sorel Etrog
Cover of The Painted Constructions 1952-60 of Sorel Etrog by Theodore Allen Heinrich (Berne: Switzerland: Staempfli et Cie Ltd., 1968).
Cover of Sorel Etrog by Pierre Restany
Cover of Sorel Etrog by Pierre Restany (New York: Prestel, 2001).

Dault, Gary Michael. Foreword to Sorel Etrog, Composites. Christopher Cutts Gallery, Toronto, 2000.


Ionesco, Eugène. Foreword to Etrog. London: Hanover Gallery, 1970.


Grohmann, Will. Foreword to Sorel Etrog. Berlin: Galerie Springer, 1967.


Hale, Barrie. “Etrog International,” Telegram (Toronto), December 19, 1964.


Heinrich, Theodore Allen. The Painted Constructions 1952–1960 of Sorel Etrog. Berne, Germany: Staempfli & Cie, 1968.


Heinrich, Theodore Allen. Introduction to Etrog, Toronto: Gallery Moos; Los Angeles: Felix Landau Gallery; Montreal: Galerie Dresdnère, 1965. Exhibition catalogue.


Holubizky, Ihor, ed., Sorel Etrog: Five Decades, Toronto: Art Gallery of Ontario, 2013. Exhibition catalogue.


Lord, Barry, and Bridget Tan. Essays for The Cult of the Head: Sculptures by Sorel Etrog. Singapore Art Museum, 1997.

Cover of Sorel Etrog: Five Decades
Cover of Sorel Etrog: Five Decades, ed. by Ihor Holubizky (Toronto: Art Gallery of Ontario, 2013).


McLuhan, Marshall. Introduction to Sorel Etrog: Recent Works. Toronto: Marlborough Godard; Montreal: La Galerie Mira Godard; New York: Marlborough Gallery, 1977.


McPherson, Hugo. “The Scope of Sculpture in ’64,” Canadian Art 21, no. 4 (Issue 92) (July/August 1964): 224–35.


Restany, Pierre. Sorel Etrog. Munich, London and New York: Prestel, 2001.


Withrow, William, “Sorel Etrog: Sculpting Is an Exploration,” Canadian Art 22 (May/June 1965): 20–24.


Withrow, William J. Sorel Etrog: Sculpture. Toronto: Wilfeld Publishing, 1967.


Zemans, Joyce. “On the Bodifestation of Etrog’s ‘The Kite,’” Art Post 2, no. 1 (June/July 1984): 18–19.


Zemans, Joyce. “Sorel Etrog: Past Tense,” Canadian Art 17, no. 4 (Winter 2000): 82–83.




Sorel Etrog Fonds, Edward P. Taylor Library & Archives, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto.
The Sorel Etrog fonds at the Art Gallery of Ontario is an indispensable source for Etrog scholars. The archive consists of records of the artist’s personal life and professional career, including but not limited to photographs of the artist and his art, press clippings, invitations, and exhibition catalogues, correspondence with important figures of his times, information regarding exhibitions and acquisitions by individuals and museums, and administrative records related to various of the artist’s projects and collaborations. It also includes many preliminary drawings and works on paper as well as some preparatory maquettes for sculptures.


The Estate of Sorel Etrog



Key Interviews and Conversations

Sorel Etrog was interviewed in 2013, in conjunction with his AGO retrospective


“A Dialogue between Sorel Etrog and Marshall McLuhan Regarding Spiral,” in David Moos, Sorel Etrog: Human Traces (Oakville, ON; Buffalo, NY: Mosaic Press, n.d.), 65–71 (unpublished).



Audio and Visual

Still from Walter Moos on Sorel Etrog, c.2013
Still from Walter Moos on Sorel Etrog, c.2013, Art Gallery of Ontario.

For the 2013 Etrog retrospective at the AGO, a series of interviews with key people in Etrog’s life and career were conducted.


Gary Michael Dault interview:


Yael Dunkelman interview:


Gregory Humeniuk interview:


Walter Moos interview:


Joyce Zemans interview:



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