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Jean Paul Lemieux Life & Work by Michèle Grandbois
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Photo Credits

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Credit for Cover Image

Jean Paul Lemieux, Summer of 1914 (L’été de 1914), 1965. (See below for details.)


Credits for Banner Images

Biography: Jean Paul Lemieux painting portrait of Queen Elizabeth, c. 1977. Fonds Basil Zarov, Library and Archives Canada, Ottawa (3607395). Photograph by Basil Zarov.
Key Works: Jean Paul Lemieux, The Ursuline Nuns (Les Ursulines), 1951. (See below for details.)
Significance & Critical Issues: Jean Paul Lemieux, Julie and the Universe (Julie et l’univers), 1965. (See below for details.)
Style & Technique: Jean Paul Lemieux, A Day in the Country (Une journée à la campagne), 1967. (See below for details.)
Sources & Resources: Jean Paul Lemieux, Ericson Exploring a Montreal Street, 1972. (See below for details.)
Where to See: Jean Paul and Madeleine Lemieux at Lemieux’s 1967 retrospective at the Musée du Québec (now the Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec). (See below for details.)


Credits for Works by Jean Paul Lemieux

1910 Remembered, 1962. Private collection. Courtesy of Heffel Canada. © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
The Aftermath/La ville détruite, 1968. Private collection. © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
Afternoon Sunlight (Soleil d’après-midi  ), 1933. Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec, Quebec City (1934.269). © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
Anguish (Angoisse), 1988. Private collection. Photograph courtesy of Sotheby’s Inc. © Gestion A.S.L. Inc. 
The Birds I Have Known/Les drôles d’oiseaux que j’ai connus, 1947. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, gift of Anne Sophie Lemieux, Quebec City, 1999 (no. 40236.5). © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
Charlevoix, Quebec, c. 1927–35. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, gift of Anne Sophie Lemieux, Quebec City, 1999 (40229.1). © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
Charlottetown Revisited (Charlottetown revisitée), 1964. Confederation Centre for the Arts, Charlottetown. © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
The Conversation (La conversation), 1968. Private collection courtesy of Mayberry Fine Art. © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
Corpus Christi, Quebec City (La Fête-Dieu à Québec), 1944. Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec, Quebec City (1945.41). © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
A Day in the Country (Une journée à la campagne), 1967. Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec, Quebec City, legacy of Marcel Carbotte (1989.157). © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
Death on a Clear Morning (La mort par un clair matin), 1963. Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec, Quebec City (2004.172). © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
Design for Cigarette Advertisement, c. 1929. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, gift of Anne Sophie Lemieux, Quebec City, 1999 (no. 40230.12r). © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
Dies Irae, 1982–83. Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, gift in memory of Jean Paul (1997.68). © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
Study for “The Disciples of Emmaus” (Étude pour “Les disciples d’Emmaüs”), 1940. Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec, Quebec City, gift from the collection of Jean Paul Lemieux (2000.300). © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
Ericson Exploring a Montreal Street, 1972. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, gift of Anne Sophie Lemieux, Quebec City, 1999 (no. 40239.3). © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
The Evening Visitor (Le visiteur du soir), 1956, National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa (no. 6504). © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
The Express (Le rapide), 1968. Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec, Quebec City, gift from the estate of Gabrielle Bertrand (1999.323). © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
The Far West (Le Far West), 1955. Montreal Museum of Fine Arts (1959.1205). © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
The Fates (Les Parques), 1962. Winnipeg Art Gallery, gift from the collection of George P. and Lola M. Kidd (2000-89). © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
Funeral, c. 1916–28. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, gift of Anne Sophie Lemieux, Quebec City, 1999 (no. 40224.21). © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II and His Royal Highness The Duke of Edinburgh, 1979 Public Works and Government Services Canada. © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
January in Quebec City (Janvier à Québec), 1965. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, gift of Kyra Montagu, Jane Glassco, John L. Gordon, in memory of their mother, Mrs. Walter Gordon, 1995 (95/159). © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
Julie and the Universe (Julie et l’univers), 1965. Collection Pierre Lassonde. © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
Lake Moorhen (Le Lac de la Grande Poule d’eau), 1971. Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec, Quebec City, legacy of Marcel Carbotte (1989.294.04). © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
L’Action Catholique, 1945. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa (no. 23853). © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
Landscape, Eastern Townships (Paysage des Cantons-de-l’Est), 1936. Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec, Quebec City (1938.26). © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
Lazarus (Lazare), 1941. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto (2574). © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
Marine, Bay St. Paul (Marine, Baie Saint-Paul  ), 1935. Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, gift in memory of V. Elizabeth (Betty) Maxwell (2014.272). © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
Melancholy, c. 1932. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, gift of Anne Sophie Lemieux, Quebec City, 1999 (no. 40232.2). © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
Mid-Lent Festival (Les mi-carêmes), 1962. The Andrée Rhéaume Fitzhenry and Robert Fitzhenry Collection courtesy of the McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario. © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
The Noon Train (Le train de midi), 1956. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa (no. 6913). © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
Nude, 1942. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, gift of Guy Roberge, Montreal, 1965 (no. 14691). © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
Ocean Wind (Vent de mer), 1963. Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec, Quebec City, anonymous gift (1988.125). © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
The Orphan (L’orpheline), 1956. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa (no. 6684). © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
Our Lady Protecting Quebec City (Notre Dame protégeant Québec), 1942. Séminaire de Québec, Quebec City. © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
Port-au-Persil, 1950. Private collection. Courtesy of Heffel Canada. © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
Portrait of the Artist at Beauport-Est (Portrait de l’artiste à Beauport-Est), 1943. Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec, Quebec City, gift from the collection of Jean Paul Lemieux (1997.137). © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
Preparatory sketch for “Québec (projet de peinture murale),” 1949. Collection of her royal majesty Queen Elizabeth II. © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
The Promenade des Anglais in Nice (La promenade des Anglais à Nice), c. 1954–55. Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec, Quebec City, gift of Daniel Fournier and Caroline Drouin (1998.24). © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
Quebec City Is Burning (Québec brûle), 1967. Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec, Quebec City, gift with charge from the Sofin family (2008.10). © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
The Priests’ Promenade (La promenade des prêtres), 1958. Collection Pierre Lassonde. © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
The Red Sweater (Le chandail rouge), 1958. Hart House, University of Toronto. © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
Rider in the Snow, 1967. Private collection. © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
Self-portrait (Autoportrait), 1974, Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec, Quebec City (2001.01). © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
Snow-covered City (Ville enneigée), 1963. Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec, Quebec City (1963.85). © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
Untitled (Soldier) (Sans titre [Soldat]  ), 1982. Private collection, courtesy of Heffel Canada. © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
Study for “Corpus Christi, Quebec City” (Étude pour “La Fête-Dieu à Québec”), c. 1944. Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec, Quebec City, gift from the collection of Jean Paul Lemieux (1997.136). © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.

Study for “The Ursuline Nuns” (Étude pour “Les Ursulines”), 1951. Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec, Quebec City, gift with charge in memory of Amiot Jolicœur (2011.189). © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
Summer in Montreal (L’été à Montréal), 1959. Musée d’art contemporain de Montréal (A 77 39 P 1). © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
Summer of 1914 (L’été de 1914), 1965. Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec, Quebec City, gift with charge of Jean and Françoise Faucher (2007.16). © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
Those Beautiful Days (Les beaux jours), 1937. Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec, Quebec City, gift from the collection of Jean Paul Lemieux (1997.134). © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
Turned Towards the Cosmos (Tourné vers le cosmos), c. 1980–85. Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec, Quebec City, gift from the collection of Jean Paul Lemieux (1997.135). © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
The Ursuline Nuns (Les Ursulines), 1951. Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec, Quebec City (1952.20). © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
The Village Meeting (L’assemblée), 1936. Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec, Quebec City, gift from the collection of Jean Paul Lemieux (2000.243). © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
The Visit, 1967. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa (no. 15245). © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.


Credits for Photographs and Works by Other Artists

1984 Canada Day Stamps by Jean Paul Lemieux. © Canada Post. 
American Gothic, 1930, by Grant Wood. Art Institute of Chicago, Friends of American Art Collection (1930.934).
“A New Modern Setting in Montreal,” by Jean Paul Lemieux. Technique: Revue industrielle/Industrial Review, Montreal, vol. 10, no. 9 (November 1935), 444.
A Quebec Farm, c. 1930, by A.Y. Jackson. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, Vincent Massey Bequest, 1968 (no. 15481). © Courtesy of Carleton University Art Gallery.
Desire in the Light of the Moon (Désir au clair de la lune), 1937, by Alfred Pellan. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa (no. 6109). © Estate of Alfred Pellan / SODRAC.
Hillside, Lake Alphonse, 1942, by Goodridge Roberts. McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario (1984.20).
Illustration by Jean Paul Lemieux from Robert Choquette’s La pension Leblanc (1927). Montreal and New York: Les éditions du Mercure. 
Illustration by Jean Paul Lemieux from Robert Choquette’s La pension Leblanc (1927). Montreal-New York: Les éditions du Mercure.
Jean Paul Lemieux, by Marie Carani (Quebec City: Musée du Québec/Les Publications du Québec, 1992). Exhibition catalogue.
Jean Paul Lemieux and Guy Viau, 1967. National Gallery of Canada Library & Archives, Ottawa.
Madeleine and Jean Paul Lemieux on their wedding day, 1937. Fonds Jean Paul Lemieux et Madeleine Des Rosiers, Library and Archives Canada, Ottawa (3607389).
Jean Paul Lemieux in front of a pathway in Charlevoix. Fonds Jean Paul Lemieux et Madeleine Des Rosiers, Library and Archives Canada, Ottawa (3607393).
Jean Paul Lemieux in winter, Quebec, c. 1955–63. Rosemary Gilliat Eaton Fonds, Library and Archives Canada, Ottawa (4316752). Photograph by Rosemary Gilliat Eaton.
Jean Paul Lemieux, la poétique de la souvenance by Guy Robert (Quebec City: Éditions Garneau, 1968).
Jean Paul Lemieux with his brother at the Kent House hotel, c. 1910. Fonds Jean Paul Lemieux et Madeleine Des Rosiers, Library and Archives Canada, Ottawa (3607384). 
Jean Paul Lemieux writing on a sketchpad, 1977. Fonds Basil Zarov, Library and Archives Canada, Ottawa (3596183). Photography by Basil Zarov.
Leaders of the Federation of Canadian Artists at a meeting in Toronto in May 1942. André Biéler Fonds, Queens University Archives.
Lemieux and his students during the Saturday drawing classes, 1948. Fonds Jean Paul Lemieux et Madeleine Des Rosiers, Library and Archives Canada, Ottawa (3607382).
Passing Shadows, Nicolet River (Les ombres qui passent, rivière Nicolet), 1925, by Marc-Aurèle de Foy Suzor-Coté. Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec, Quebec City (1934.14). 
Madeleine and Jean Paul Lemieux at Lemieux’s 1967 retrospective at the Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec. Courtesy Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec, Quebec City.
Martha, c. 1938, by Lilias Torrance Newton. Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec, Quebec City (1940.13). © National Gallery of Canada.
Port-au-Saumon—Cap au Saumon North Shore, St. Lawrence River, Que., c. 1937, by Madeleine Des Rosiers. Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, Halifax, gift of Cdr. and Mrs. C. Anthony Law (1994.22). © Gestion A.S.L. Inc.
Portrait of Jean Paul Lemieux, c. 1932, by Jori Smith. Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec, Quebec City (1992.115). © Estate of Jori Smith.
“Quebec City and the Arts” by Jean Paul Lemieux. Canadian Art, December 1947, 108–11.
The Scream, 1893, by Edvard Munch. National Gallery, Oslo. 
The Spinning Wheel, 1928, by Edwin Holgate. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa (no. 18260). © Estate of Edwin Holgate, Jonathan Rittenhouse, executor. 
Springtime, c. 1894–99, by Maurice Denis. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, gift of David Allen Devrishian, 1999 (1999.180.2a,b).
Students of the École des beaux-arts de Montréal, c. 1927. Fonds Jean Paul Lemieux et Madeleine Des Rosiers, Library and Archives Canada, Ottawa (3612641).
Untitled, 1954, by Paul-Émile Borduas. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa (no. 38562). © Estate of Paul-Émile Borduas / SODRAC.
Young Girl Bathing, 1892, by Pierre-Auguste Renoir. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Robert Lehman Collection, 1975 (1975.1.199). 

Acknowledgements

From the Author

As curator of the Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec I had the privilege of exploring and studying the institution’s rich holdings of the work of the artist Jean Paul Lemieux. My research and publications on Lemieux are greatly indebted to Marie Carani, my doctoral thesis director at the Université Laval, whose indispensable book on the Québecois painter, published in 1992, eloquently documented his contribution to twentieth-century figurative art. Her inspiring work provided the solid base for new research, which I could not have accomplished without the generous and thoughtful support of Yves Lacasse and the prompt, efficient, and perceptive assistance of Nathalie Thibault and Nicole Gastonguay of the MNBAQ.

The great pleasure I had in writing this online book is due in no small measure to the trust that developed between me and Dominique Denis, ACI French-language editor, translator, and editorial director, whose keen understanding and unfailing care were the keys to an exceptional rapport, and the best working relationship any author could wish for. Finally, I would like to thank Laurier Lacroix, John Geoghegan, Sara Angel, Doris Cowan, and Kendra Ward for their invaluable counsel at every stage of this wonderful project. —Michèle Grandbois


From the Art Canada Institute

This online art book was made possible thanks to BMO Financial Group, Lead Sponsor for the Canadian Online Art Book Project. Much gratitude goes to the Title Sponsor for this publication: The McLean Foundation as well as Title Benefactor: Pierre Lassonde.

The Art Canada Institute gratefully acknowledges the other sponsors for the 2015–16 Season: Aimia, Gluskin Sheff + Associates Inc., the Hal Jackman Foundation, K. James Harrison, Sandra L. Simpson, and TD Bank.

Thanks also to the Art Canada Institute Founding Patrons: Sara and Michael Angel, Jalynn H. Bennett, the Butterfield Family Foundation, David and Vivian Campbell, Albert E. Cummings, Kiki and Ian Delaney, the Fleck Family, Roger and Kevin Garland, the Gershon Iskowitz Foundation, The Scott Griffin Foundation, Michelle Koerner and Kevin Doyle, Phil Lind, Sarah and Tom Milroy, Nancy McCain and Bill Morneau, Gerald Sheff and Shanitha Kachan, Sandra L. Simpson, Pam and Mike Stein, and Robin and David Young; as well as its Founding Partner Patrons: The Pierre Elliott Trudeau Foundation and Partners in Art.

For their research support and generous contribution of images to this publication, the ACI gratefully acknowledges the Art Gallery of Nova Scotia (Shannon Parker); Art Gallery of Ontario (Jim Shedden); Carleton University Art Gallery (Sandra Dyck); Confederation Centre for the Arts (Paige Matthie); Edward P. Taylor Library & Archives (Donald Rance); Gestion A.S.L. (André Michaud); Heffel Canada (Kirbi Pitt); Dr. Heather Hume; McMichael Canadian Art Collection (Janine Butler and Ki-in Wong); Montreal Museum of Fine Arts (Marie-Claude Saia); Musée d’art contemporain de Montréal (Véronique Malouin); Musée de la Civilization; Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec (Lina Doyon); National Gallery of Canada (Kristin Rothschild, Raven Amiro, and Erica Dole); Public Works and Government Services Canada (Suzie Robitaille); Queen’s University Archives (Heather Home); Dr. Jonathan Rittenhouse; Joan Roberts; Royal Trust Collection (Karen Lawson); University of Toronto (Heather Pigat); and Winnipeg Art Gallery (Nicole Fletcher).


The lines from the song “1910 Remembered,” which appear with the key work Julie and the Universe, are published with the permission of Jean Lapointe and Marcel Lefebvre. 



Publisher: Sara Angel
Executive Editor: Kendra Ward
French Editorial Director: Dominique Denis
Image Research Director: John Geoghegan
Digital Layout Manager: Simone Wharton
Editor: Dominique Denis
Copy Editor: Mélissa Dufour 
English Proofreader: Judy Phillips 
French Proofreader: Marie-Camille Lalande 
Translator: Doris Cowan 
Layout Associate (English): Emily Derr
Layout Associates (French): Natalie Doak and Alicia Peres
Original Design Architecture: Concrete Design Communications


Copyright

© 2016 Art Canada Institute. All rights reserved. 
ISBN 978-1-4871-0081-0

Art Canada Institute
Massey College, University of Toronto
4 Devonshire Place
Toronto, ON M5S 2E1

Library and Archives Canada Cataloguing in Publication

Grandbois, Michèle, 1954-
[Jean Paul Lemieux. English]
Jean Paul Lemieux : life & work / Michèle Grandbois ; translator, Doris Cowan.


Includes bibliographical references.
Contents: Biography — Key works — Significance & critical issues — Style &
technique — Sources & resources — Where to see.
Electronic monograph. 
ISBN 978-1-4871-0082-7 (pdf). —ISBN 978-1-4871-0080-3 (epub)


1. Lemieux, Jean-Paul, 1904-1990.  2. Lemieux, Jean-Paul, 1904-1990—Criticism
and interpretation.  3. Painters—Québec (Province)—Biography. I. Art Canada Institute,
issuing body  II. Title.  III. Title: Jean Paul Lemieux. English


ND249.L4G7313 2016                        759.11                              C2015-906835-5