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Paraskeva Clark Life & Work by Christine Boyanoski
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Photo Credits

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Credit for Cover Image

Paraskeva Clark, Maintenance Jobs in the Hangar # 6, Trenton RCAF, Station, 1945. (See below for details.)

Credit for Banner Images

Biography: Paraskeva Clark seated on a wicker chair, c. 1932–33. Fonds Paraskeva and Philip T. Clark, Library and Archives Canada, Ottawa (e006078599).
Key Works: Presents from Madrid, 1937. (See below for details.)
Significance & Critical Issues: Self-portrait with Concert Program, 1942. (See below for details.)
Style & Technique: Autumn Underfoot, 1948, oil on canvas board, 40.6 x 50.8 cm. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, gift from the J.S. McLean Collection, 1969, donated by the Ontario Heritage Foundation, 1988 (L69.18). © Estate of Paraskeva Clark. Photo credit: Art Gallery of Ontario.
Sources & Resources: Paraskeva Clark’s studio, c. 1980. (See below for details.)
Where to See: Installation view of the exhibition History and Her Story at the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, 2010. Paraskeva Clark’s Self Portrait, 1925, hangs to the left of James Tissot (1836–1902), The Shop Girl, 1883–85. Third and fourth from left are Augustus John (1878–1961), Cynthia Asquith, 1917, and Alma Duncan (1917–2004), Young Black Girl, 1940. Photograph by Carlo Catenazzi. Courtesy of the Art Gallery of Ontario Edward P. Taylor Library and Archives (A-48641). © Estate of Paraskeva Clark and other artists/Art Gallery of Ontario, 2016.

Credits for Works by Paraskeva Clark

Across the Street, 1937. Collection of the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, gift from the Douglas M. Duncan Collection, 1970 (16161r). © Clive and Benedict Clark. Photo credit: National Gallery of Canada.
Bathing the Horse, c. 1938. Image courtesy of Mary MacLachlan.
Boats in Dry Dock, 1946. Private collection, Toronto. Courtesy of Mary and Clive Clark. © Estate of Paraskeva Clark. Photo credit: Christopher Dew.
Building Clifton Road, 1947. Collection of the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, purchase, 1947 (47/2). © Estate of Paraskeva Clark. Photo credit: Art Gallery of Ontario.
Caledon Farm in May, 1945. Sampson-Matthews Print Collection, Pegasus Gallery of Canadian Art, Salt Spring Island. Courtesy of the Pegasus Gallery of Canadian Art. © Estate of Paraskeva Clark.
Canoe Lake Woods, 1952. Collection of the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, purchase, 1955 (6335). © Clive and Benedict Clark. Photo credit: National Gallery of Canada.
In a Toronto Streetcar, 1944, reproduced in Canadian Review of Music and Art 3, no. 9-10 (1944). Toronto: Canadian Review Pub. Co. Photo credit: Stephanie Burdzy. 
In the Woods, 1939. Hart House Collection, University of Toronto, purchased by the Art Committee with the Harold and Murray Wrong Memorial Fund, 1940 (HH1940.001). Image courtesy of the Art Museum, University of Toronto. © Estate of Paraskeva Clark. Photo credit: Toni Hafkenscheid.
Kitchen Cupboard, 1956. Private collection, Toronto. Courtesy of Clive and Mary Clark. © Estate of Paraskeva Clark. Photo credit: Christopher Dew.
Landscape with Lake, 1940. Collection of the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, gift from the J.S. McLean Collection, by Canada Packers Inc., 1990 (89/788). © Estate of Paraskeva Clark. Photo credit: Art Gallery of Ontario.
Paraskeva Clark, Maintenance Jobs in the Hangar # 6, Trenton RCAF, Station, 1945. Beaverbrook Collection of War Art, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa (AN19710261-5678). © Estate of Paraskeva Clark. Photo credit: Canadian War Museum.
Memories of Childhood: Public Bath, 1944. Private collection, Toronto. © Estate of Paraskeva Clark.
Mother and Child, 1934. Collection of the Tom Thomson Art Gallery, Owen Sound, gift of the Ontario Heritage Trust, an agency of the Government of Ontario, 1988 (988.011.061). Courtesy of David Huff, Tom Thomson Art Gallery. © Estate of Paraskeva Clark.
Mother and Child, 1941. Collection of Winchester Galleries, Victoria. Courtesy of Winchester Galleries. © Estate of Paraskeva Clark.
Mrs. Ingeborg, 1931. Private collection, Mississauga. © Estate of Paraskeva Clark. 
Muskoka View, 1931–32. Collection of the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, purchase, 1981 (81/160). © Estate of Paraskeva Clark. Photo credit: Art Gallery of Ontario.
Myself, 1933. Collection of the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, purchase, 1974 (18311). © Clive and Benedict Clark. Photo credit: National Gallery of Canada.
Noon at Tadoussac, 1958. Collection of the Art Gallery of Windsor, gift of Jack Wildridge, The Roberts Gallery, 1969 (1969.047). © Estate of Paraskeva Clark. Photo credit: Art Gallery of Windsor.
November Roses, 1953. Collection of the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, purchase, 1955 (6394). © Clive and Benedict Clark. Photo credit: National Gallery of Canada.
October Rose, 1941. Collection of The Robert McLaughlin Gallery, Oshawa (1987CP31). © Estate of Paraskeva Clark. Photo credit: The Robert McLaughlin Gallery.
On Hahn’s Island, 1938. Collection of the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, gift from the J.S. McLean Collection, by Canada Packers Inc., 1990 (89/791). © Estate of Paraskeva Clark. Photo credit: Art Gallery of Ontario.
Our Street in Autumn, 1945–47. Collection of the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, gift from the J.S. McLean Collection, by Canada Packers Inc., 1990 (89/794). © Estate of Paraskeva Clark. Photo credit: Art Gallery of Ontario.
Overlooking a Garden, 1930. Collection of the Art Gallery of Hamilton, gift from the Douglas M. Duncan Collection, 1970 (81.53). © Clive Clark. Photo credit: Mike Lalich.
Parachute Riggers, 1947. Beaverbrook Collection of War Art, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa (AN19710261-5679). © Estate of Paraskeva Clark. Photo credit: Canadian War Museum.
Pavlichenko and Her Comrades at the Toronto City Hall, 1943. Collection of the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, purchased with funds donated by AGO members, 2000 (2000/17). © Estate of Paraskeva Clark. Photo credit: Art Gallery of Ontario.
Percée, 1945. Collection of the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, gift of Dorothea Larsen Adaskin, 2004 (2004/213). © Estate of Paraskeva Clark. Photo credit: Art Gallery of Ontario.
Petroushka, 1937. Collection of the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, purchase, 1976 (18624). © Clive and Benedict Clark. Photo credit: National Gallery of Canada.
Philip Clark, Esq., 1933. Collection of the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, purchase, 1984 (84/89). © Estate of Paraskeva Clark. Photo credit: Art Gallery of Ontario.
Pink Cloud, 1937. Collection of the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, purchase, 1948 (4937). © Clive and Benedict Clark. Photo credit: National Gallery of Canada.
Portrait of Frances Adaskin, 1950–52. Collection of Library and Archives Canada, Ottawa (R13267-3-5-E). Courtesy of Library and Archives Canada/The Brechin Group Inc. © Estate of Paraskeva Clark.
Portrait of Murray Adaskin, 1944–45. Collection of Library and Archives Canada, Ottawa (R13267-2-3-E). Courtesy of Library and Archives Canada/The Brechin Group Inc. © Estate of Paraskeva Clark.
Presents from Madrid, 1937. Collection of the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, purchase, 1980 (23666). © Clive and Benedict Clark. Photo credit: National Gallery of Canada.
Rain on a Window, 1963. Collection of the Art Gallery of Hamilton, Patron’s Purchase Fund, 1964 (64.56.190). © Estate of Paraskeva Clark. Photo credit: Mike Lalich.
Rubber Gloves, 1935. Collection of the Art Gallery of Hamilton, gift of Richard Alway, 2001 (2001.24). © Clive Clark. Photo credit: Mike Lalich.
Russian Bath, 1936. Collection of the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, gift from the Douglas M. Duncan Collection, 1970 (70/32). © Estate of Paraskeva Clark. Photo credit: Art Gallery of Ontario.
Self Portrait, 1925. Collection of the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, purchased with assistance of Wintario, 1979 (79/43). © Estate of Paraskeva Clark. Photo credit: Art Gallery of Ontario.
Self Portrait, 1931–32. Collection of Museum London, purchase, 1994 (94.A.36). © Estate of Paraskeva Clark. Photo credit: Museum London.
Self-Portrait with Concert Program, 1942. Collection of the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, purchase, 1944 (4592). © Clive and Benedict Clark. Photo credit: National Gallery of Canada.
Sketch for Algonquin Morning, 1953. Collection of the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, gift of Dorothea Larsen Adaskin, 2004 (2004/216). © Estate of Paraskeva Clark. Photo credit: Art Gallery of Ontario.
Sketch for Canoe Lake Woods, 1951. Collection of the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, gift from the J.S. McLean Collection, by Canada Packers Inc., 1990 (89/792). © Estate of Paraskeva Clark. Photo credit: Art Gallery of Ontario.
Sketch for Portrait of Ben, 1945. Private collection, Vancouver. Courtesy of Courtesy of Heffel Fine Art Auction House. © Estate of Paraskeva Clark.
Sketch for Quaicker Girls, 1945. Collection of the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, gift from the Collection of Ben and Clive Clark, Toronto, 2002 (2002/9413). © Estate of Paraskeva Clark. Photo credit: Art Gallery of Ontario.
Sketch for Tadoussac, Boats in Dry Dock, 1944. Collection of the Agnes Etherington Art Centre, Queen’s University, Kingston, gift from the Douglas M. Duncan Collection, 1970 (13-049). Courtesy of Alicia Boutilier. © Estate of Paraskeva Clark. Photo credit: Bernard Clark.
Snowfall, 1935. Collection of Hawke’s Bay Museums Trust, Ruawharo Ta-u-rangi, MTG Hawke’s Bay Tai Ahuriri, Napier (6657). © Estate of Paraskeva Clark. Photo credit: MTG Hawke’s Bay.
Souvenirs of Leningrad: Mother and Child, 1955–56. Private collection, Toronto. Courtesy of Panya Clark Espinal and Javier Espinal. © Estate of Paraskeva Clark. Photo credit: Christopher Dew.
Still Life, 1935. Thomson Collection, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto (AGOID.104118). © Estate of Paraskeva Clark. Photo credit: Art Gallery of Ontario. 
Still Life, 1950–51. Collection of the Winnipeg Art Gallery, acquired with funds from the Estate of Mr. and Mrs. Bernard Naylor (G-91-89). © Estate of Paraskeva Clark. Photo credit: Ernest Mayer.
Still-life: Plants and Fruit, 1950. Collection of the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, purchase, 1950 (5040). © Clive and Benedict Clark. Photo credit: National Gallery of Canada.
Still Life with Alabaster Grapes, 1956. Private collection, Toronto. Courtesy of Clive and Mary Clark. © Estate of Paraskeva Clark. Photo credit: Christopher Dew.
“Street Scenes: Toronto,” New World Illustrated (September 1941). Illustrations by Paraskeva Clark. Text by Graham McInnes. Courtesy of the Toronto Reference Library.
Studies of Philip for “Philip Clark, Esq.,” c. 1933. Collection of the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, gift of Clive and Benedict Clark, 2000 (2000/38). © Estate of Paraskeva Clark. Photo credit: Art Gallery of Ontario.
Study for Petroushka, 1937. Collection of the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, gift of Barry Appleton, Toronto, 2013 (45916). © Clive and Benedict Clark. Photo credit: National Gallery of Canada.
Sun, Wind and Root, 1946. Collection of the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, gift from the J.S. McLean Collection, by Canada Packers Inc., 1990 (89/789). © Estate of Paraskeva Clark. Photo credit: Art Gallery of Ontario.
Sunlight in the Woods, 1966. Collection of the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, Royal Canadian Academy of Arts diploma work, deposited by the artist, Toronto, 1967 (15250). © Clive and Benedict Clark. Photo credit: National Gallery of Canada.
Swamp, 1939. Collection of the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, gift from the Albert H. Robson Memorial Subscription Foundation, 1939 (2535). © Estate of Paraskeva Clark. Photo credit: Art Gallery of Ontario.
Trout, 1940. Collection of the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, gift from the J.S. McLean Collection, by Canada Packers Inc., 1990 (89/793). © Estate of Paraskeva Clark. Photo credit: Art Gallery of Ontario.
Untitled [Mount Pleasant and Roxborough at Night], 1962–63. University of Toronto Art Collection, University of Toronto, gift of Dr. Frederic Allodi, 2000 (2000-007). Courtesy of the Art Museum, University of Toronto. © Estate of Paraskeva Clark. Photo credit: Toni Hafkenscheid.
Wheat Field, 1936. Collection of the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, gift from the Douglas M. Duncan Collection, 1970 (16452). © Clive and Benedict Clark. Photo credit: National Gallery of Canada.
Woods by the Lake, 1968. Private collection, Vancouver. Courtesy of Waddingtons.ca. © Estate of Paraskeva Clark.
Working Drawing for Eaton’s Windows, c. 1935. Firestone Collection of Canadian Art, The Ottawa Art Gallery, donated to the City of Ottawa by the Ontario Heritage Foundation (FAC 1570). © Estate of Paraskeva Clark. Photo credit: Tim Wickens.
Working Drawing for Eaton’s Windows, c. 1935. Firestone Collection of Canadian Art, The Ottawa Art Gallery, donated to the City of Ottawa by the Ontario Heritage Foundation (FAC 1571). © Estate of Paraskeva Clark. Photo credit: Tim Wickens.

Credits for Photographs and Works by Other Artists

A young Paraskeva Plistik, 1919. Private collection, Toronto. Courtesy of Clive and Mary Clark.
All Power to the Soviets, 1917–32, by Nikolai Dolgorukov. Private collection. © Estate of Nikolai Dolgoukov.
Art and Society: A Marxist Analysis (Critics Group No. 3), by Georgi V. Plekhanov, translated from the Russian with an Introduction by Granville Hicks, New York (1936). Courtesy of Library and Archives Canada, Ottawa. Photo credit: Stephanie Burdzy.
Bathing the Red Horse, 1912, by Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin. Collection of Tretyakov State Gallery, Moscow (Zh-375). 
“Charming Torontonian,” Toronto Mail and Empire (August 1931). Fonds Paraskeva and Philip T. Clark, Library and Archives Canada, Ottawa (1995-019 DAP.) Photo credit: Stephanie Burdzy.
Draft Set Design for Tableau I of Petroushka: “Admiralty Square, 1830. A Sunny Morning in Winter,” 1911, by Alexandre Nikolayevich Benois. Private collection.
Group Portrait of the Mir Iskusstva Artists. A Study for an Unpainted Picture, 1916–20, by Boris Kustodiev. Collection of the State Russian Museum, St. Petersburg.
Installation view of the Canadian Group of Painters Exhibition at the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, February 9–28, 1938. Courtesy of the National Gallery of Canada Library and Archives, Ottawa. © National Gallery of Canada.
Installation view of the exhibition Canadian Painting in the Thirties at the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, January 31–March 2, 1975. Courtesy of the National Gallery of Canada Library and Archives, Ottawa. © National Gallery of Canada.
In the Bath House, 1897, Vladimir Alexandrovich Plotnikov. Private collection. Courtesy of Sotheby’s London.
Les peuples opprimés des colonies sous le drapeau de la révolution prolétarienne se lèvent pour la lutte contre l’impérialisme, 1932, by Feodor Rabitchev. Private collection. Courtesy of Rossini, Paris. © Estate of Feodor Rabitchev.
Apartment of Murray Adaskin and Phillip Clark, 40 Huntley Street, Toronto. Modernist sculpture Paraskeva Allegri sold to Adaskin and Clark in Paris at Maison DIM, c. 1929.  Photograph by Philip Clark. Fonds Paraskeva and Philip T. Clark, Library and Archives Canada, Ottawa (1995-019 DAP). Photo credit: Stephanie Burdzy.
Morning. Bathing Women, 1917, by Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin. Collection of the State Russian Museum, St. Petersburg (1095). 
Mother and Child, c. 1901, by Pablo Picasso. Collection of Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, bequest from the Collection of Maurice Wertheim, Class of 1906. © Estate of Pablo Picasso/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York.
New Frontier (July–August 1937). Illustration by Laurence Hyde. Courtesy of the Toronto Reference Library. © Estate of Laurence Hyde.
November No. 4, 1957, by Walter Yarwood. Collection of The Robert McLaughlin Gallery, Oshawa, purchase, 1971 (1971YW57). © Estate of Walter Yarwood. Photo credit: The Robert McLaughlin Gallery.
Opening for a Canadian Group of Painters exhibition, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, 1953. Photograph by Sean Weaver. Courtesy of the Art Gallery of Ontario Edward P. Taylor Library and Archives (A-48161). © Art Gallery of Ontario, 2016.
Opening of the exhibition of the Canadian Society of Painters in Water Colour at the Art Gallery of Ontario, 1949. Photograph by Sean Weaver. Courtesy of the Art Gallery of Ontario Edward P. Taylor Library and Archives (A-48160). © Art Gallery of Ontario, 2016.
Paraskeva Clark’s self-portrait in Charles Comfort’s studio guest book, painted and signed March 12, 1936. Fonds Charles Fraser Comfort, Library and Archives Canada, Ottawa (1992-692 DAP). Courtesy of Christine Boyanoski.
Paraskeva Allegri and her son Ben Allegri, in Chatou, Paris, 1930. Private collection, Toronto. Courtesy of Clive and Mary Clark.
Paraskeva and Philip Clark in Canada, 1931. Fonds Paraskeva and Philip T. Clark, Library and Archives Canada, Ottawa (e006078601). Courtesy of Library and Archives Canada/The Brechin Group Inc.
Paraskeva Clark, c. 1936. Photograph by Charles Fraser Comfort. Fonds Charles Fraser Comfort, National Gallery of Canada Library and Archives, Ottawa.
Paraskeva Clark and Charles C. Hill, then an assistant curator at the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, at the Canadian Painting in the Thirties opening, 1975. Photograph by Ray Erickson Photography. Courtesy of the National Gallery of Canada Library and Archives. © National Gallery of Canada.
Paraskeva Clark and her sons, Ben and Clive, c. 1933. Private collection, Toronto. Courtesy of Clive and Mary Clark.
Paraskeva Clark in her studio with her painting of a blind woman receiving help on a Toronto streetcar, c. 1949. Photograph by Marcel Ray. Fonds Paraskeva and Philip T. Clark, Library and Archives Canada, Ottawa (e002712782). Courtesy of Library and Archives Canada/The Brechin Group Inc.
Paraskeva Clark painting Sketch for Tadoussac, Boats in Dry Dock, 1944. Private collection, Toronto. Courtesy of Clive and Mary Clark.
Paraskeva Clark’s father, Advey Plistik, c. 1923. Fonds Paraskeva and Philip T. Clark, Library and Archives Canada, Ottawa (e002712775). Courtesy of Library and Archives Canada/The Brechin Group Inc.
Paraskeva Clark’s first husband, Oreste Allegri Jr., 1923. Private collection, Toronto. Courtesy of Clive and Mary Clark.
Paraskeva Clark’s Myself, 1933, featured on the cover of the catalogue for Canadian Painting in the Thirties (1975). Courtesy of the National Gallery of Canada Library and Archives, Ottawa. © Estate of Paraskeva Clark/National Gallery of Canada.
Paraskeva Clark’s studio, c. 1980. Photograph by Clive Clark. Courtesy of Clive and Mary Clark, Toronto. © Estate of Paraskeva Clark.
Portrait of Melita Cholokashvili, 1927, by Savely Abramovich Sorine. Art Museum of Georgia, Tbilisi.
Revista Nova Iberia I (January 1937), edited by Pere Català-Pic, Barcelona: Commisariat de Propaganda de la Generalitat de Catalunya.
Scarf bearing the emblem of the CNT (Confederación Nacional del Trabajo), c. 1936–37. Courtesy of Scott Davidson, Bethune Memorial House.
Self-portrait, 1918, by Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin. Collection of the Russian State Museum, St. Petersburg (2400).
Signed photograph sent to Paraskeva Clark from Dr. Norman Bethune. Fonds Paraskeva and Philip T. Clark, Library and Archives Canada, Ottawa (e006580511). Courtesy of Library and Archives Canada/The Brechin Group Inc.
Spanish factory workers, c. 1936. Photograph by Joan P. Fabregas, reprinted in Nova Iberia I, (January 1937).
Standing Nude, n.d., by Vasili Shukhaev. Private collection. Courtesy of Shapiro Auctions, New York.
Still Life, 1921, by Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin. National Gallery of Armenia, Yerevan (7068).
Summer, near Tadoussac, 1935, by A.Y. Jackson. Collection of the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, purchase, 1939 (4538). Courtesy of Carleton University Art Gallery, Ottawa. © Estate of A.Y. Jackson/Dr. Naomi Jackson Groves. Photo credit: National Gallery of Canada.
The artist and her son Ben at the Clark’s apartment on Lonsdale Road, Toronto, c. 1933. Fonds Paraskeva and Philip T. Clark, Library and Archives Canada, Ottawa (e006078600). Courtesy of Library and Archives Canada/The Brechin Group Inc.
The Cross Chute, 1938, by David B. Milne. Collection of the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, gift from the Douglas M. Duncan Collection, 1970 (16430). Photo credit: National Gallery of Canada.
U.S.S.R. Shock Brigade of the World Proletariat, 1931, by Gustav Klutsis. Collection of the Latvian National Museum of Art, Riga (VMM Z-8628). Courtesy of Iveta Derkusova.
Video still from Portrait of the Artist as an Old Lady, 1982, directed by Gail Singer. © Gail Singer/National Film Board of Canada.
Wheat Field, Hanover, 1936, by Carl Schaefer. Collection of the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, gift from the Douglas M. Duncan Collection, 1970 (16557). © Paul Schaefer. Photo credit: National Gallery of Canada.


Acknowledgements

From the author
I owe a great debt of gratitude to Clive and Mary Clark, Paraskeva Clark’s son and daughter-in-law, for giving so generously of their time, showing me works of art and other materials, and answering myriad questions. Panya Clark Espinal was also very helpful and offered valuable insights into her grandmother’s life and work.

          My research was greatly facilitated by librarian Donald Rance (Art Gallery of Ontario), archivist Philip Dombowsky (National Gallery of Canada), and the staff of Library and Archives Canada. Many private collectors and curators across Canada sent me information or showed me works by Paraskeva Clark in their possession or under their care. I would especially like to acknowledge Gregory Humeniuk and Cindy Brouse (AGO), and Christopher Davidson and Jacqueline Warren (NGC). Christopher Varley helped connect me with collectors of Clark’s work. Writer Maria Lakman and her husband, Sergey Plotnikov, of Ottawa generously undertook some Russian translating for me. I am grateful to Professor Donna Orwin, FRSC, Chair of the Department of Slavic Languages and Literatures at the University of Toronto, for her advice about the transliteration of Russian names. 

          I sincerely appreciate having been given the opportunity to research and write about Paraskeva Clark for the ACI by Sara Angel and Anna Hudson. I was extremely fortunate to work with first-rate editor Rosemary Shipton, who cheered me on my way. I am also grateful to executive editor Kendra Ward and image research associate Stephanie Burdzy for their invaluable contributions. Dominque Denis and Eve Renaud skillfully produced the French translation, and I congratulate Sam Tse and Simone Wharton for the very handsome design of this book.


From the ACI

This online art book was made possible thanks to its Title Sponsor: The McLean Foundation. Much gratitude goes to the Founding Sponsor for the Canadian Online Art Book Project: BMO Financial Group.


The Art Canada Institute gratefully acknowledges its other sponsors for the 2016–2017 Season: Aimia, Rosamond Ivey, Kiki and Ian Delaney, The Scott Griffin Foundation, The McLean Foundation, and TD Bank.


Thanks also to the Art Canada Institute Founding Patrons: Jalynn H. Bennett, the Butterfield Family Foundation, David and Vivian Campbell, Albert E. Cummings, Kiki and Ian Delaney, the Fleck Family, Roger and Kevin Garland, the Gershon Iskowitz Foundation, The Scott Griffin Foundation, Michelle Koerner and Kevin Doyle, Phil Lind, Sarah and Tom Milroy, Nancy McCain and Bill Morneau, Gerald Sheff and Shanitha Kachan, Sandra L. Simpson, Pam and Mike Stein, Robin and David Young, and Sara and Michael Angel; as well as its Founding Partner Patrons: The Pierre Elliott Trudeau Foundation and Partners in Art.


The ACI gratefully acknowledges the support and assistance of the Agnes Etherington Art Centre (Alicia Boutilier and Jennifer Nicholl); Art Gallery of Armenia; Art Gallery of Greater Victoria (Lesley Golding); Art Gallery of Hamilton (Christine Braun); Art Gallery of Ontario (Amy Furness, Tracy Mallon-Jensen, Marilyn Nazar, Liana Radvak, Joe Venturella); Art Gallery of Windsor (Nicole McCabe, Jaclyn Meloche); Art Museum at the University of Toronto (Justine Kicek, Heather Pigat); Art Museum of Georgia (David Lordkipanidze); Bethune Memorial House (Scott Davidson); Canadian War Museum (Susan Ross); Carleton University Art Gallery (Sandra Dyck); E.J. Pratt Library, Victoria College, University of Toronto; Estate of Walter Yarwood (Chip Yarwood); Faculty of Music Library, University of Toronto; Government of Ontario Art Collection (Lani Wilson); Harvard Art Museums (Isabella Donadio); John A. Libby Fine Art (Maria Hazel); Latvian National Art Museum (Iveta Derkusova); Library and Archives Canada (Marie Julie Hyppolite, Lynn Lafontaine, Suzanne Lemaire); MTG Hawke’s Bay Tai Ahuriri (Nicola Zaaiman); Museum London (Janette Cousins Ewan); National Gallery of Canada (Raven Amiro, Philip Dombowsky); Ottawa Art Gallery (Michelle Gewurtz, Jennifer Gilliland); Pegasus Gallery of Canadian Art (Monique Beaudry); The Robert McLaughlin Gallery (Alessandra Cirelli); Shapiro Auctions (Alexandra Dubodel); SODRAC (Stéphane Aleixandre); Sotheby’s London (Frances Asquith); State Russian Museum (Maria Rudenskaya); Tom Thomson Art Gallery (David Huff); Toronto Public Library; Waddington’s Auctioneers and Appraisers (Jamie Long, Linda Rodeck); Winchester Galleries (Elizabeth Levinson); Winnipeg Art Gallery (Nicole Fletcher); and Clive Clark, Mary Clark, Panya Clark Espinal, Christopher Dew, Javier Espinal, Ashot Galstyan, Toni Hafkenscheid, Becca Lemire, John H. Pollock, Rob Pollock, Carol-Ann Ryan, Paul Sabourin, and Irina Smirmova.


Publisher: Sara Angel
Executive Editor: Kendra Ward
French Editorial Director: Dominique Denis
Image Research Manager: Corin De Sousa
Web & Layout Director: Simone Wharton
Editor: Rosemary Shipton
Copy Editor: Linda Pruessen
Proofreader: Judy Phillips
Translator: Eve Renaud
Image Research Associate: Stephanie Burdzy
Layout Designer: Sam Tse
English Layout Associate: Steven Boyle
French Layout Associate: Alicia Peres
Design Template: Concrete Design Communications



Copyright

© 2016 Art Canada Institute. All rights reserved. 
ISBN 978-1-4871-0113-8

Art Canada Institute
Massey College, University of Toronto
4 Devonshire Place
Toronto, ON M5S 2E1

Library and Archives Canada Cataloguing in Publication

Boyanoski, Christine, author
Paraskeva Clark : life & work / Christine Boyanoski.

Includes bibliographical references.
Contents: Biography — Key works — Significance & critical issues — Style &
technique — Sources & resources — Where to see.

Electronic monograph in HTML, PDF and mobile formats.

ISBN 978-1-4871-0113-8 (HTML).–ISBN 978-1-4871-0114-5 (PDF).–

ISBN  978-1-4871-0115-2 (MOBILE)

1. Clark, Paraskeva, 1898-1986.  2. Clark, Paraskeva, 1898-1986–
Criticism and interpretation.  3. Painters–Canada–Biography.
I. Clark, Paraskeva, 1898-1986.  Paintings.  Selections.  II. Art Canada
Institute, issuing body  III. Title.

ND249.C494B69 2016                       759.11                   C2016-903951-X