Homepage Download ebook Glossary Français

Cpoyright & Credits

 

 

Acknowledgements

From the Author
At the Art Canada Institute, I am grateful to Sara Angel, Meg Taylor, Anna Hudson, and Angelica Demetriou for their guidance and generosity. I would also like to acknowledge the editing prowess of Shannon Anderson, my substantive editor, as well as the fantastic work done by John Geoghegan on the image research and the stellar design by Simone Wharton. I am grateful for the valuable suggestions made by the anonymous peer reviewer. My thanks also to Janice Anderson of Concordia University’s Canadian Women Artists History Initiative for her help with Prudence Heward’s artist files. I am very grateful to Kristina Huneault in the Department of Art History at Concordia University for acting as my SSHRC Postdoctoral supervisor, as well as for her innovative and brilliant scholarship on Canadian women artists. Finally, I would like to dedicate this text to Janice Helland, my PhD supervisor at Queen’s University; she was the first to inspire my passion for feminist art history and the study of women artists.

 

From the Art Canada Institute
This online art book was made possible thanks to BMO Financial Group, Lead Sponsor for the Canadian Online Art Book Project, and the book’s Title Sponsor, Sandra L. Simpson. The Art Canada Institute gratefully acknowledges the other sponsors for the 2014–15 Season: Aimia, Consignor Canadian Fine Art, Gluskin Sheff + Associates Inc., the Hal Jackman Foundation, K. James Harrison, The McLean Foundation, and TD Bank.

Thanks also to the Art Canada Institute Founding Patrons: Sara and Michael Angel, Jalynn H. Bennett, the Butterfield Family Foundation, David and Vivian Campbell, Albert E. Cummings, Kiki and Ian Delaney, the Fleck Family, Roger and Kevin Garland, the Gershon Iskowitz Foundation, Michelle Koerner and Kevin Doyle, Phil Lind, Sarah and Tom Milroy, Nancy McCain and Bill Morneau, Gerald Sheff and Shanitha Kachan, Sandra L. Simpson, Pam and Mike Stein, and Robin and David Young, as well as its Founding Partner Patrons: The Pierre Elliott Trudeau Foundation and Partners in Art.



For their research support and generous contribution of images to this publication, the ACI gratefully acknowledges the support and assistance of the Agnes Etherington Art Centre (Jennifer Nicoll); the Art Gallery of Hamilton (Christine Braun and Lela Radisevic); the Art Gallery of Ontario (Jim Shedden and Ebony Jansen); the Art Gallery of Windsor (Catharine M. Mastin and Nicole McCabe); Eric Klinkhoff; the Masters Gallery; the McMichael Canadian Art Collection (Janine Butler and Ki-in Wong); the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts (Jacques Des Rochers and Marie-Claude Saia); Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec; the National Gallery of Canada (Kristin Rothschild, Philip Dombowsky, Raven Amiro, and Erika Dola); A.K. Prakash; Queen’s University Archives (Heather Home); the Robert McLaughlin Gallery (Sonya Jones and Linda Jansma); the University of Toronto (Heather Pigat and Daniella Sanader); Véhicule Press (Simon Dardick); the Winnipeg Art Gallery (Nicole Fletcher); and private collectors who wish to remain anonymous. 

 


 

Image Sources

Every effort has been made to secure permissions for all copyrighted material. The Art Canada Institute will gladly correct any errors or omissions.

 


 

Credit for Cover Image

 

Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, Girl on a Hill, 1928
Prudence Heward, Girl on a Hill, 1928. (See below for details.)

 

Credits for Banner Images

 

Art Canada Institute, Portrait of Prudence Heward in London, photograph by Hugh Cecil, 1930
Biography: Portrait of Prudence Heward in London, photograph by Hugh Cecil, 1930. Robert McLaughlin Gallery Archives, Oshawa.
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, At the Theatre, 1928
Key Works: Prudence Heward, At the Theatre, 1928. (See below for details.)
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, Clytie, 1938
Significance & Critical Issues: Prudence Heward, Clytie, 1938. (See below for details.)
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, The Blue Church, Prescott, 1933
Style & Technique: Prudence Heward, The Blue Church, Prescott, 1933. (See below for details.)
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, Self-Portrait
Sources & Resources: Prudence Heward, Self-Portrait, n.d. Robert McLaughlin Gallery, Oshawa, 2003HP129.
Art Canada Institute, Installation view of the Memorial Exhibition, National Gallery of Canada, 1948
Where to See: Installation view of the Memorial Exhibition of Heward’s paintings, organized by the National Gallery in 1948.

 

Credits for Works by Prudence Heward

 

Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, Ann, 1942
Ann, 1942. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, gift of H.S. Southam, Ottawa, 1944, no. 4591.
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, Anna, c. 1927
Anna, c. 1927. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, no. 3537.
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, At the Cafè, c. 1929
At the Cafè, c. 1929. Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, 1950.1036.
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, At the Theatre, 1928
At the Theatre, 1928. Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, 1964.1479.
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, Autumn (Girl with an Apple), 1942
Autumn (Girl with an Apple), 1942. Collection of Elizabeth and Tony Comper. Photograph by Toni Hafkenscheid.
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, Autumn Landscape, c. 1941
Autumn Landscape, c. 1941. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, gift of the Heward family, Montreal, 1948, no. 4964.
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, Barbara, 1933
Barbara, 1933. Private collection. Photograph by Nick Menzies. 
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, The Bather, 1930
The Bather, 1930. Art Gallery of Windsor. 
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, The Blue Church, Prescott, 1933
The Blue Church, Prescott, 1933. McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, gift of Dr. Naomi Jackson Groves, 1984.18.3. 
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, Clytie, 1938
Clytie, 1938. Robert McLaughlin Gallery, Oshawa, 1987HP38.
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, Dad (August 24th, 1910), Sketchbook 1
Dad (August 24th, 1910), Sketchbook 1, Prudence Heward fonds, National Gallery of Canada Library and Archives, Ottawa.
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, Dark Girl, 1935
Dark Girl, 1935. Hart House, University of Toronto, purchased by the Hart House Art Committee with the Harold and Murray Wrong Memorial Fund, 1936.
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, Eleanor, 1924
Eleanor, 1924. Private collection. Photograph by Nick Menzies. 
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, The Emigrants, c. 1928
The Emigrants, c. 1928. Private collection. Photograph by Nick Menzies.
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, Farmer’s Daughter, 1938
Farmer’s Daughter, 1938. Winnipeg Art Gallery, gift of the Estate of Prudence Heward, G-51-170. Photograph by Ernest Mayer.
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, Farmer’s Daughter, 1945
Farmer’s Daughter, 1945. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, gift of the Heward family, Montreal, 1948, no. 4953.
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, Figure Study, 1925, Sketchbook 3
Figure Study, 1925, Sketchbook 3, Prudence Heward fonds, National Gallery of Canada Library and Archives, Ottawa.
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, Girl in the Window, 1941
Girl in the Window, 1941. Art Gallery of Windsor, given in memory of the artist and her sister by the estate of Gladys S. Nares, 1981, no. 81.6.
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, Girl on a Hill, 1928
Girl on a Hill, 1928. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, no. 3678. 
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, Girl Under a Tree, 1931
Girl Under a Tree, 1931. Art Gallery of Hamilton, gift of the artist’s family, 1961.
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, Hester, 1937
Hester, 1937. Agnes Etherington Art Centre, Kingston, gift of the Honourable Heward Grafftey and purchase, Chancellor Richardson Memorial Fund and Wintario matching funds, 1985, no. 28-191. Photograph by Paul Litherland. 
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, Indian Child, 1936
Indian Child, 1936. Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, 1975.30.
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, Indian Head, 1936
Indian Head, 1936. Robert McLaughlin Gallery, Oshawa, 1993HP5.
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, Italian Woman, c. 1930
Italian Woman, c. 1930. Private collection. 
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, Jim, 1928
Jim, 1928. Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec, Quebec City, 2010.235.
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, Leaves (Study for Portrait of Barbara), c. 1933
Leaves (Study for Portrait of Barbara), c. 1933. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, gift of the Heward family, Montreal, 1948, no. 4962.
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, Miss Lockerby, c. 1924
Miss Lockerby, c. 1924. Private collection.
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, Mommsy, 1910, Sketchbook 1
Mommsy, 1910, Sketchbook 1, Prudence Heward fonds, National Gallery of Canada Library and Archives, Ottawa.
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, Negress with Flower
Negress with Flower, n.d. Robert McLaughlin Gallery, Oshawa, 1989HP143. 
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, Negress with Sunflowers, c. 1936
Negress with Sunflowers, c. 1936. Private collection. 
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, Portrait (Mrs. Zimmerman), 1943
Portrait (Mrs. Zimmerman), 1943. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, gift of the Heward family, Montreal, 1948, no. 4955. 
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, Portrait Study, 1938
Portrait Study, 1938. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, no. 2540. 
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, Rollande, 1929
Rollande, 1929. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, no. 3709.
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, Rosaire, 1935
Rosaire, 1935. Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, 1944.859.
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, Scene of Venice, c. 1928
Scene of Venice, c. 1928. Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, 1975.32.
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, Self-Portrait, c. 1926, Sketchbook 3
Self-Portrait, c. 1926, Sketchbook 3, Prudence Heward fonds, National Gallery of Canada Library and Archives, Ottawa.
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, Sisters of Rural Quebec, 1930
Sisters of Rural Quebec, 1930. Art Gallery of Windsor. 
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, Street in Cagnes, c. 1930
Street in Cagnes, c. 1930. Robert McLaughlin Gallery, Oshawa, 1989HP141.
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, Study of the Drawing Room of the Artist, c. 1940
Study of the Drawing Room of the Artist, c. 1940. Private collection. Photograph courtesy of Sotheby’s Inc.
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, A Summer Day, 1944
A Summer Day, 1944. Private collection.
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, Tonina, 1928
Tonina, 1928. Collection of A.K. Prakash.
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, Untitled (Figural sketch of a nurse and a patient), c. 1916, Sketchbook 2
Untitled (Figural sketch of a nurse and a patient), c. 1916, Sketchbook 2, Prudence Heward fonds, National Gallery of Canada Library and Archives, Ottawa.
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, Untitled, c. 1925
Untitled, c. 1925. Collection of Elizabeth and Tony Comper. Photograph by Toni Hafkenscheid.
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, Untitled, n.d., Sketchbook 3
Untitled, n.d., Sketchbook 3, Prudence Heward fonds, National Gallery of Canada Library and Archives, Ottawa.
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward, Untitled, n.d., Sketchbook 4
Untitled, n.d., Sketchbook 4, Prudence Heward fonds, National Gallery of Canada Library and Archives, Ottawa.

 

Credits for Photographs and Works by Other Artists

 

Toronto Evening Telegram, November 25, 1933
“An Artist Draws His Impressions of ‘Expressionist’ Art,” Toronto Evening Telegram, November 25, 1933.
Art Canada Institute, Frances Hodgkins, Berries and Laurel, c. 1930,
Berries and Laurel, c. 1930, by Frances Hodgkins. Auckland Art Gallery Toi o Tāmaki.
Art Canada Institute, Cover of The Adventures of the Black Girl in Her Search for God, by George Bernard Shaw
Cover of The Adventures of the Black Girl in Her Search for God, by George Bernard Shaw (London: Constable & Co., 1932).
Art Canada Institute, Cover of Canadian Art 3
Cover of Canadian Art 3, 1 (Autumn 1950).
Art Canada Institute, Cover of Expressions of the Will: The Art of Prudence Heward, by Natalie Luckyj
Cover of Expressions of the Will: The Art of Prudence Heward, by Natalie Luckyj (Kingston, ON: Agnes Etherington Art Centre, 1986).
Art Canada Institute, Cover of From Women’s Eyes: Women Painters in Canada, by Dorothy Farr and Natalie Luckyj
Cover of From Women’s Eyes: Women Painters in Canada, by Dorothy Farr and Natalie Luckyj (Kingston, ON: Agnes Etherington Art Centre, 1975).
Art Canada Institute, Cover of The Women of Beaver Hall: Canadian Modernist Painters, by Evelyn Walters
Cover of The Women of Beaver Hall: Canadian Modernist Painters, by Evelyn Walters (Toronto: Dundurn Press, 2005).
Art Canada Institute, The Cradle, 1873, by Berthe Morisot
The Cradle, 1873, by Berthe Morisot. Musée d’Orsay, Paris. 
Art Canada Institute, Design for a Small Screen, c. 1920, by Vanessa Bell
Design for a Small Screen, c. 1920, by Vanessa Bell. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, 91/152. 
Art Canada Institute, The Farm Pond, Charleston, 1918, by Roger Fry
The Farm Pond, Charleston, 1918, by Roger Fry. Hepworth Wakefield, West Yorkshire, England.
Art Canada Institute, In the Loge, 1879, by Mary Cassatt
In the Loge, 1879, by Mary Cassatt. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, The Hayden Collection—Charles Henry Hayden Fund.
Art Canada Institute, Canadian Art Exhibition, Musée Jeu de Paume, Paris, 1927
Gallery No. 1 (North wall), Canadian Art Exhibition, Musée Jeu de Paume, Paris, 1927, Visual Resources Collection, National Gallery of Canada Library and Archives, Ottawa. Photo © NGC.
Art Canada Institute, Kizette on the Balcony, 1927, by Tamara de Lempicka
Kizette on the Balcony, 1927, by Tamara de Lempicka. Musée national d’art moderne, Paris.
Art Canada Institute, Lady Holding a Parasol, c. 1915, by William Brymner
Lady Holding a Parasol, c. 1915, by William Brymner. Power Corporation of Canada Art Collection. 
Art Canada Institute, Letter from Heward to McLaughlin, November 7, 1944
Letter from Heward to McLaughlin, November 7, 1944, p. 7. Queen’s University Archives, Isabel McLaughlin fonds, 2303.37-9-8.
Art Canada Institute, Louise McLea card, c. 1930
Louise McLea card, c. 1930. Bibliothèque de la danse Vincent-Warren, Montreal, CAR-047.
Art Canada Institute, Night Café, 1888, by Vincent van Gogh
Night Café, 1888, by Vincent van Gogh. Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, bequest of Stephen Carlton Clark, B.A. 1903, 1961.18.34.
Art Canada Institute, Nude, 1907, by Charles Guérin
Nude, 1907, by Charles Guérin. Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia. 
Art Canada Institute, Nude in a Landscape, c. 1930, by Edwin Holgate
Nude in a Landscape, c. 1930, by Edwin Holgate. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, no. 3702, © Estate of Edwin Holgate, Jonathan Rittenhouse, executor.
Art Canada Institute, Nude in a Studio, 1933, by Lilias Torrance Newton
Nude in a Studio, 1933, by Lilias Torrance Newton. Private collection.
Art Canada Institute, Olympia, 1863, by Édouard Manet
Olympia, 1863, by Édouard Manet. Musée d’Orsay, Paris.
Art Canada Institute, Photograph of Heward painting en plein air around Brockville, c. 1920
Photograph of Heward painting en plein air around Brockville, c. 1920, Prudence Heward fonds, National Gallery of Canada Library and Archives, Ottawa.
Art Canada Institute, Portrait of the Duchess de La Salle, 1925, by Tamara de Lempicka
Portrait of the Duchess de La Salle, 1925, by Tamara de Lempicka. Private collection.
Art Canada Institute, Portrait of Journalist Sylvia von Harden, 1926, by Otto Dix
Portrait of Journalist Sylvia von Harden, 1926, by Otto Dix. Centre Pompidou, Paris.
Art Canada Institute, Portrait of Prudence Heward, c. 1920, by Lilias Torrance Newton
Portrait of Prudence Heward, c. 1920, by Lilias Torrance Newton. Private collection.
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward and her brother Chilion in England, c. 1915
Prudence Heward and her brother Chilion in England, c. 1915 Prudence Heward fonds, National Gallery of Canada Library and Archives, Ottawa.
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward in the forest at Fontainebleau, c. 1925
Prudence Heward in the forest at Fontainebleau, c. 1925, Prudence Heward fonds, National Gallery of Canada Library and Archives, Ottawa.
Prudence Heward Memorial Exhibition, National Gallery
Prudence Heward Memorial Exhibition, National Gallery (1948), Visual Resources Collection, National Gallery of Canada Library and Archives, Ottawa.
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward Memorial Exhibition, National Gallery (1948)
Prudence Heward Memorial Exhibition, National Gallery (1948), Visual Resources Collection, National Gallery of Canada Library and Archives, Ottawa.
Art Canada Institute, Prudence Heward reading in Knowlton, Quebec, c. 1940
Prudence Heward reading in Knowlton, Quebec, c. 1940. National Gallery of Canada Library and Archives, Ottawa.
Art Canada Institute, Semi-Draped Nude in the Artist’s Studio, n.d., by Randolph Hewton
Semi-Draped Nude in the Artist’s Studio, n.d., by Randolph Hewton. Private collection, courtesy of Waddington’s, Auctioneers & Appraisers. 
Art Canada Institute, Studio portrait of Gluck, 1926
Studio portrait of Gluck, 1926, photographed by E.O. Hoppé.
Art Canada Institute, Studio portrait of Prudence Heward, c. 1927
Studio portrait of Prudence Heward, c. 1927. Photography courtesy of Ross Heward and Véhicule Press, Montreal.
Art Canada Institute, Study for l’Abside de Notre Dame, c. 1929, by Isabel McLaughlin
Study for l’Abside de Notre Dame, c. 1929, by Isabel McLaughlin. Robert McLaughlin Gallery, Oshawa, 2003MI118.
Art Canada Institute, Untitled, c. 1930s, by Sarah Robertson
Untitled, c. 1930s, by Sarah Robertson. Private collection.
Art Canada Institute, The Vaughan Sisters, 1910, by William Brymner
The Vaughan Sisters, 1910, by William Brymner. Art Gallery of Hamilton, 62.43.12.

 

Book Credits

 

Publisher

Sara Angel


Executive Editor

Kendra Ward


French Editorial Director

Dominique Denis


Image Research Director

John Geoghegan


Digital Layout Manager

Simone Wharton


Editor

Shannon Anderson


Copy Editor

Judy Phillips


Translator

Rachel Martínez


English Web Intern

Heather Pierce


French Web Intern

Natalie Doak

 

Design Template
Studio Blackwell

 


 

Copyright

© 2015 Art Canada Institute. All rights reserved. 
ISBN 978-1-4871-0073-5

Art Canada Institute
Massey College, University of Toronto
4 Devonshire Place
Toronto, ON M5S 2E1

Library and Archives Canada Cataloguing in Publication

Skelly, Julia, author
     Prudence Heward : life & work / Julia Skelly. 

Includes bibliographical references.
 
Contents: Biography — Key works — Significance & critical issues — Style &
technique — Sources & resources — Where to see.


Electronic monograph. 
ISBN 978-1-4871-0073-5 (HTML).—ISBN 978-1-4871-0071-1 (PDF). —ISBN 978-1-4871-0069-8 (MOBILE)
.

1. Heward, Prudence, 1896-1947.  2. Heward, Prudence, 1896-1947—
Criticism and interpretation.  3. Women painters—Canada—Biography.
I. Heward, Prudence, 1896-1947.  Paintings.  Selections.  II. Art Canada
Institute, issuing body  III. Title. 

ND249.H466S54 2015                        759.11                        C2015-905500-8

Download Download