Copyright & Credits

 


Acknowledgements

From the Author

My sincere thanks to Mark Cheetham and to Sara Angel, for the opportunity to work on this project and to consider Carr’s legacy for new readers. My deepest gratitude to the fleet of Carr specialists, whose dedication to Carr and research before me has provided such support to my own project, especially to Gerta Moray, Ian Thom, Charles Hill, Kathryn Bridge, Peter Macnair, Jay Stewart, Johanne Lamoureux, Marcia Crosby, and the legacy of Doris Shadbolt. Warm appreciation is also reserved for Joan Borsa, Marianne Nicolson, and Mary Kavanagh for our conversations about Carr, insight, and encouragement. I am also very grateful to my editors, Rosemary Shipton and Meg Taylor, for their hard work and many discussions throughout.

 

From the Art Canada Institute

This online art book was made possible thanks to BMO Financial Group, Lead Sponsor for the Canadian Online Art Book Project; and the Audain Foundation, Title Sponsor for Emily Carr: Life & Work. The Art Canada Institute gratefully acknowledges the other sponsors for the 2014–15 Season: Aimia; Gluskin Sheff + Associates Inc.; The Hal Jackman Foundation; Phyllis Lambert; TD Bank Group; the Toronto Friends of the Visual Arts; and the Harold Town Estate.

 

Thanks also to the Art Canada Institute Founding Patrons: Sara and Michael Angel, Jalynn H. Bennett, The Butterfield Family Foundation, David and Vivian Campbell, Albert E. Cummings, Kiki and Ian Delaney, The Fleck Family, Roger and Kevin Garland, Michelle Koerner and Kevin Doyle, Phil Lind, Sarah and Tom Milroy, Charles Pachter, Gerald Sheff and Shanitha Kachan, Sandra L. Simpson, and Robin and David Young; as well as its Founding Partner Patrons: The Pierre Elliott Trudeau Foundation and Partners in Art.

 

The ACI gratefully acknowledges the support and assistance of the Art Gallery of Greater Victoria (Michelle Jacques and Stephen Topfer), the Art Gallery of Hamilton (Christine Braun), the Art Gallery of Ontario (Jim Shedden and Ebony Jansen), the Auckland Art Gallery Toi o Tāmaki (Geoffrey Heath), the Audain Art Museum (Barbara Binns), The Fergusson Gallery (Amy Waugh), the Jeff Wall Studio, the McMichael Canadian Art Collection (Janine Butler and Ki-in Wong), the National Gallery of Canada (Kristin Rothschild and Raven Amiro), the Royal British Columbia Museum (Kathryn Bridge and Kelly-Ann Turkington), the Seattle Art Museum (Matt Empson), the University of Toronto (Heather Pigat and Daniella Sanader), and the Vancouver Art Gallery (Danielle Currie).

 


 

Image Sources

Every effort has been made to secure permissions for all copyrighted material. The Art Canada Institute will gladly correct any errors or omissions.

 


 

Credit for Cover Image

 

Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Vanquished, 1930
Emily Carr, Vanquished, 1930. (See below for details.)

 

Credits for Banner Images

 

Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, San Francisco at age twenty-two, c. 1893
Biography: Emily Carr in San Francisco at age twenty-two, c. 1893. British Columbia Archives Collection, Royal B.C. Museum Corporation, Victoria (H-02813).
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Totem Walk at Sitka, 1907.
Key Works: Emily Carr, Totem Walk at Sitka, 1907. (See below for details.)
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Odds and Ends, 1939
Significance & Critical Issues: Emily Carr, Odds and Ends, 1939. (See below for details.)
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Autumn in France, 1911
Style & Technique: Emily Carr, Autumn in France, 1911. (See below for details.)
Art Canada Institute, Harold Mortimer-Lamb, Emily Carr in Her Studio, 1939
Sources & Resources: Emily Carr in Her Studio, 1939, photograph by Harold Mortimer-Lamb. (See below for details.)
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Exhibition of West Coast Art: Native and Modern, 1927
Where to See: Installation view of Exhibition of West Coast Art: Native and Modern, National Gallery of Canada, 1927. (See below for details.)

 

Credits for Works by Emily Carr

 

Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Above the Gravel Pit, 1937
Above the Gravel Pit, 1937. Collection of the Vancouver Art Gallery, Emily Carr Trust, VAG 42.3.30. Photograph by Trevor Mills, Vancouver Art Gallery.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Alaska Journal p.19, 1907
Alaska Journal, 1907, detail of page 19. Private collection.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Alaska Journal p.35, 1907
Alaska Journal, 1907, detail of page 35. Private collection.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Autumn in France, 1911
Autumn in France, 1911. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Beacon Hill Park, 1909
Beacon Hill Park, 1909. Art Gallery of Greater Victoria.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Bell, c. 1927
Bell, c. 1927. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, gift of Margot Johnston, Ottawa, 1998.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Big Eagle, Skidigate, B.C., 1929.
Big Eagle, Skidigate, B.C., 1929. Art Gallery of Greater Victoria.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Big Raven, 1931
Big Raven, 1931. Collection of the Vancouver Art Gallery, Emily Carr Trust, VAG 42.3.11. Photograph by Trevor Mills, Vancouver Art Gallery.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Blue Sky, 1936
Blue Sky, 1936. Art Gallery of Greater Victoria.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Blunden Harbour, c. 1930
Blunden Harbour, c. 1930. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Breton Farm Yard, c. 1911
Breton Farm Yard, c. 1911. McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario, gift of F. Joy Peinhof-Wright.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Brittany Landscape, 1911
Brittany Landscape, 1911. Private collection.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Chrysanthemums, c. 1900
Chrysanthemums, c. 1900. Collection of the Vancouver Art Gallery, Vancouver Art Gallery Acquisition Fund, VAG 88.11.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, The Crazy Stair, c. 1928–30
The Crazy Stair, c. 1928–30, Audain Art Museum, Whistler.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Cumshewa, 1912
Cumshewa, 1912. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Dancing Sunlight, c. 1937
Dancing Sunlight, c. 1937. McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario, purchase 1978.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Emily’s Old Barn Studio, c. 1891
Emily’s Old Barn Studio, c. 1891. British Columbia Archives, Victoria.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Forest, British Columbia, 1931–32
Forest, British Columbia, 1931–32. Collection of the Vancouver Art Gallery, Emily Carr Trust, VAG 42.3.9. Photograph by Trevor Mills, Vancouver Art Gallery.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, French Knitter (La Bretonne), 1911
French Knitter (La Bretonne), 1911. Private collection.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Grey 1929–30
Grey, 1929–30. Private collection.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Grizzly Bear Totem, Angidah, Nass River, c. 1930
Grizzly Bear Totem, Angidah, Nass River, c. 1930. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, gift of Mr. and Mrs. C.S. Band, Toronto, 1968.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Indian Church, 1929
Indian Church, 1929. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, bequest of Charles S. Band, Toronto, 1970.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Loggers’ Culls, 1935
Loggers’ Culls, 1935. Collection of the Vancouver Art Gallery, gift of Miss I. Parkyn, VAG 39.1. Photograph by Trevor Mills, Vancouver Art Gallery.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Lower Portion of D’Sonoqua Pole, c. 1928
Lower Portion of D’Sonoqua Pole, c. 1928. British Columbia Archives, Victoria.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Odds and Ends, 1939
Odds and Ends, 1939. Art Gallery of Greater Victoria.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Potlatch Figure (Mimquimlees), 1912
Potlatch Figure (Mimquimlees), 1912. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Scorned as Timber, Beloved of the Sky, 1935
Scorned as Timber, Beloved of the Sky, 1935. Collection of the Vancouver Art Gallery, Emily Carr Trust, VAG 42.3.15. Photograph by Trevor Mills, Vancouver Art Gallery.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Self-Portrait, 1938–39
Self-Portrait, 1938–39. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, gift of Peter Bronfman, 1990.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Shoreline, 1936
Shoreline, 1936. McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario, gift of Mrs. H.P. de Pencier.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Sketchbook for Pause, 1903
Sketchbook for Pause, 1903, detail of page 3. McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario, gift of Dr. Jack Parnell.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Sketchbook for Pause, 1903
Sketchbook for Pause, 1903, detail of page 9. McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario, gift of Dr. Jack Parnell.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Sombreness Sunlit, c. 1938–40
Sombreness Sunlit, c. 1938–40. British Columbia Archives, Victoria.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Sunshine and Tumult, 1938–39
Sunshine and Tumult, 1938–39. Art Gallery of Hamilton, bequest of H.S. Southam, CMG, LL.D, 1966. Photograph by Mike Lalich.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, A Study in Evolution, 1902
A Study in Evolution, 1902. British Columbia Archives, Victoria.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Tanoo, Q.C.I., 1913
Tanoo, Q.C.I., 1913. British Columbia Archives, Victoria.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Totem Mother, Kitwancool 1928
Totem Mother, Kitwancool, 1928. Collection of the Vancouver Art Gallery, Emily Carr Trust, VAG 42.3.20. Photograph by Trevor Mills, Vancouver Art Gallery.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Totem Poles, Kitseukla, 1912
Totem Poles, Kitseukla, 1912. Collection of the Vancouver Art Gallery, Founders’ Fund, VAG 37.2. Photograph by Trevor Mills, Vancouver Art Gallery.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Totem Walk at Sitka, 1907
Totem Walk at Sitka, 1907. Art Gallery of Greater Victoria.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Tree Trunk, 1931
Tree Trunk, 1931. Collection of the Vancouver Art Gallery, Emily Carr Trust, VAG 42.3.2. Photograph by Trevor Mills, Vancouver Art Gallery.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Trees in France, c. 1911
Trees in France, c. 1911. McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario, gift of Dr. Max Stern, Dominion Gallery, Montreal.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Vanquished, 1930
Vanquished, 1930. Collection of the Vancouver Art Gallery, Emily Carr Trust, VAG 42.3.6. Photograph by Trevor Mills, Vancouver Art Gallery.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Yan, Q.C.I., 1912
Yan, Q.C.I., 1912. Art Gallery of Hamilton, gift of Roy G. Cole, 1992. Photograph by Mike Lalich.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, War Canoes, Alert Bay
War Canoes, Alert Bay, 63.5 x 80 cm, Audain Art Museum, Whistler.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Zunoqua of the Cat Village, 1931
Zunoqua of the Cat Village, 1931. Collection of the Vancouver Art Gallery, Emily Carr Trust, VAG 42.3.21. Photograph by Trevor Mills, Vancouver Art Gallery.

 

Credits for Photographs and Works by Other Artists

 

Art Canada Institute, Phelan Gibb, Bathers
Bathers, n.d, by Harry Phelan Gibb. Auckland Art Gallery Toi o Tāmaki, gift of Lucy Carrington Wertheim, 1948.
Art Canada Institute, Frances Hodgkins, Boats by the Barbour Wall, c. 1910
Boats by the Harbour Wall, c. 1910, by Frances Hodgkins. Auckland Art Gallery Toi o Tāmaki.
Art Canada Institute, Mrs. S.F. Morley, Carr and her caravan, “the Elephant,” 1934
Carr and her caravan, “the Elephant,” 1934, photograph by Mrs. S.F. Morley. British Columbia Archives Collection, Royal B.C. Museum Corporation, Victoria (D-03844).
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, The Carr family residence, c. 1869
The Carr family residence, c. 1869. British Columbia Archives Collection, Royal B.C. Museum Corporation, Victoria (C-03805).
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Carr on a picnic with two women and her dog Billie, Queen Charlotte Islands, 1912
Carr on a picnic with two women and her dog Billie, Queen Charlotte Islands, 1912. British Columbia Archives collection, Royal B.C. Museum Corporation, Victoria (F-07756).
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Carr on horseback, Cariboo Regional District, B.C., c. 1909
Carr on horseback, Cariboo Regional District, B.C., c. 1909. Private collection.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Carr on the beach on Tanoo, 1912
Carr on the beach on Tanoo, 1912. British Columbia Archives Collection, Royal B.C. Museum Corporation, Victoria (F-00254).
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Carr with her pets, in the garden of her home, Victoria, 1918
Carr with her pets, in the garden of her home, Victoria, 1918. British Columbia Archives Collection, Royal B.C. Museum Corporation, Victoria (HP51747).
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Church and grounds at Yuquot (Friendly Cove)
Church and grounds at Yuquot (Friendly Cove). British Columbia Archives Collection, Royal B.C. Museum Corporation, Victoria (A-06087).
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, The Book of Small, 1942
Cover of The Book of Small by Emily Carr (Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1942).
Art Canada Institute, Maria Tippett, Emily Carr: A Biograph, 1979
Cover of Emily Carr: A Biography by Maria Tippett (Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1979).
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Exhibition of Canadian West Coast Art: Native and Modern, 1927
Cover of the catalogue for Exhibition of Canadian West Coast Art: Native and Modern, designed by Emily Carr. (National Gallery of Canada, 1927).
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Klee Wyck, 1941
Cover of Klee Wyck by Emily Carr (Toronto: Farrar & Rinehart, 1941).
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Hundreds and Thousands, 1966
Cover of Hundreds and Thousands by Emily Carr (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1966).
Art Canada Institute, Arthur Lismer, Emily Carr and the Group of Seven, c. 1927
Emily Carr and the Group of Seven, c. 1927, by Arthur Lismer. McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario, gift of The Robert and Signe McMichael Trust (2011.2.24).
Art Canada Institute, Harold Mortimer-Lamb, Emily Carr in Her Studio, 1939
Emily Carr in Her Studio, 1939, by Harold Mortimer-Lamb. Modern print from original negative. Vancouver Art Gallery, gift of Claudia Beck and Andrew Gruft.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Theodore J. Richardson, Totem Poles and Houses of the Kaigani Haidas at Old Kasaan, Prince of Wales Island, Alaska</em>, c. 1903
Totem Poles and Houses of the Kaigani Haidas at Old Kasaan, Prince of Wales Island, Alaska, c. 1903, by Theodore J. Richardson. Library and Archives Canada.
Art Canada Institute, Jeff Wall, Excavation of the floor of a dwelling in a former Sto:lo nation village, Greenwood Island Hope, British Columbia, August 2003
Fieldwork: Excavation of the floor of a dwelling in a former Sto:lo nation village, Greenwood Island Hope, British Columbia, August 2003. Anthony Graesch, Department of Anthropology, University of California at Los Angeles, working with Riley Lewis of the Sto:lo band, 2003, by Jeff Wall. Courtesy of the artist.
Art Canada Institute, Georgia O’Keeffe, Grey Tree, Lake George, 1925
Grey Tree, Lake George, 1925, by Georgia O’Keeffe. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Image copyright © The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Image source: Art Resource, NY.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Exhibition of Canadian West Coast Art: Native and Modern, 1927
Installation view of Exhibition of Canadian West Coast Art: Native and Modern at the National Gallery of Canada in 1927. National Gallery of Canada Library and Archives. Photo © NGC.
Art Canada Institute, Anders Sune Berg, four of the seven paintings by Carr exhibited at Documenta 13, 2012
Installation view of four of the seven paintings by Carr exhibited at Documenta 13, 2012. Photograph by Anders Sune Berg.
Art Canada Institute, Lawren Harris, Isolation Peak, Rocky Mountains, 1930
Isolation Peak, Rocky Mountains, 1930, by Lawren Harris. Hart House, University of Toronto.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Lawren Harris and Ira Dilworth at the Vancouver Art Gallery, 1951
Lawren Harris and Ira Dilworth at the Vancouver Art Gallery, 1951. Vancouver Art Gallery.
Art Canada Institute, H.W. Roozeboom, Logging in British Columbia; clearcut, mill, and dock
Logging in British Columbia; clearcut, mill, and dock, photograph by H.W. Roozeboom. British Columbia Archives Collection, Royal B.C. Museum Corporation, Victoria (D-05018).
Art Canada Institute, Mark Tobey, Moving Forms, 1930
Moving Forms, 1930, by Mark Tobey. Seattle Art Museum, Eugene Fuller Memorial Collection.
Art Canada Institute, Lawren Harris, North Shore, Lake Superior, 1926
North Shore, Lake Superior, 1926, by Lawren Harris. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa. Photo © NGC.
Art Canada Institute, John Duncan Fergusson, People and Sails at Royon, 1910
People and Sails at Royan, 1910, by John Duncan Fergusson. The Fergusson Gallery, Perth & Kinross Council, Scotland.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Regalia confiscated from Dan Cranmer’s potlatch held in the village of ’Mimkwamlis in 1921
Regalia confiscated from Dan Cranmer’s potlatch held in the village of ’Mimkwamlis in 1921. British Columbia Archives Collection, Royal B.C. Museum Corporation, Victoria.
Art Canada Institute, Muriel Brewster (Muriel Bruce), Toronto Star Weekly, January 21, 1928
Review of Exhibition of West Coast Art: Native and Modern, “Some Ladies Prefer Indians,” by Muriel Brewster (Muriel Bruce), Toronto Star Weekly, January 21, 1928. Canadian Museum of History, Gatineau, Marius Barbeau fonds, file B290-2.1.001.
Art Canada Institute, Louis Shotridge, Sitka + Surroundings—Totem Poles in Forest, c. 1918
Sitka + Surroundings—Totem Poles in Forest, c. 1918, by Louis Shotridge. University of Pennsylvania Museum, 15178.
Art Canada Institute, Jill Sharpe, Bone Wind Fire, 2011
Still from the short film Bone Wind Fire (2011), directed by Jill Sharpe. National Film Board.
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Students painting from life at the art school in St. Ives, c. 1905
Students painting from life at the art school in St. Ives, c. 1905. British Columbia Archives Collection, Royal B.C. Museum Corporation, Victoria (I-68874).
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Studio portrait of Carr and her sisters, c. 1895
Studio portrait of Carr and her sisters, c. 1895. British Columbia Archives Collection, Royal B.C. Museum Corporation, Victoria (A-02037).
Art Canada Institute, Emily Carr, Studio portrait of Carr’s parents, c. 1876
Studio portrait of Carr’s parents, c. 1876. British Columbia Archives Collection, Royal B.C. Museum Corporation, Victoria (A-09184).
Art Canada Institute, Dr. Charles Frederick Newcombe, Totem poles at Blunden Harbour, c. 1901
Totem poles at Blunden Harbour, c. 1901, photograph by Dr. Charles Frederick Newcombe. British Columbia Archives collection, Royal B.C. Museum Corporation, Victoria (A-09132).
Art Canada Institute, J.E.H. MacDonald, Waterfall, Agawa River, Algoma, 1933
Waterfall, Agawa River, Algoma, by J.E.H. MacDonald. Art Gallery of Ontario, purchase, 1933.

 

Book Credits

 

Publisher

Sara Angel


Editorial Director

Meg Taylor

 

Web Director

Avery Swartz


Image Research Director

Angelica Demetriou


Chief Copy Editor

Ruth Gaskill


Editor

Rosemary Shipton


Image Research

John Geoghegan


French Translator

Rachel Martínez


French Copy Editor

Dominique Denis

 

Digital Layout Manager

Simone Wharton


Administrative Assistant

Mary-Rose Sutton

 

French Web Intern

Erica Yudelman
 

Design Template
Studio Blackwell

 


 

Copyright

© 2015 Art Canada Institute. All rights reserved. 
ISBN 978-1-4871-0044-5

Art Canada Institute 
Massey College, University of Toronto
4 Devonshire Place
Toronto, ON M5S 2E1

Library and Archives Canada Cataloguing in Publication

Baldissera, Lisa, 1966-, author
Emily Carr : life & work / Lisa Baldissera. 

Includes bibliographical references.
Contents: Biography — Key works — Significance & critical issues — Style & technique — Sources & resources — Where to see.
Electronic monograph.
ISBN 978-1-4871-0046-9 (pdf).—ISBN 978-1-4871-0048-3 (epub)

1. Carr, Emily, 1871-1945.  2. Carr, Emily, 1871-1945—Criticism and interpretation.  3. Painters—Canada—Biography.  I. Art Canada Institute, issuing body  II. Title. 

ND249.C3B35 2015                        759.11                      C2014-907288-0

 

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