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Copyright & Credits

 

 

Acknowledgements

From the Author

This project gave me the opportunity to connect with AA Bronson and Fern Bayer, who kindly provided pivotal insights into the development of General Idea, filling gaps in my archival research and contributing to my understanding of the group and its history. I am extremely grateful to both AA and Fern for their willingness to share.

 

I would also like to express my sincere thanks to Philip Dombowsky, who facilitated my research into the General Idea fonds, the Art Metropole fonds and the Fern Bayer fonds at the National Gallery of Canada Library and Archives. I thank him for his time and patience during my extended research visit in 2014. While at the Library and Archives, I also benefited from the help of Cyndie Campbell, who gave me keen insights into the General Idea materials. As well, Peter Trepanier provided assistance, facilitating my access to original issues of FILE Megazine. Coinciding with my visit, Trepanier’s exhibition Then Again: A Celebration of Art Metropole’s 40th Anniversary was on display. This served as a perfect backdrop to the research I was conducting.

 

It has been a pleasure to work with the fantastic team at the Art Canada Institute during the production of the online book—including Sara Angel, Anna Hudson, Kendra Ward, Cliodna Cussen, Dominique Denis, Eve Renaud, Meg Taylor, John Geoghegan, and Emily Lawrence. The text also benefitted immensely from the guidance of Shannon Anderson and Sholem Krishtalka during the editing process.


Finally, I would like to thank Dr. Lynda Jessup at Queen’s University who initially brought the work of the ACI to my attention and encouraged me to connect with the initiative.

 

From the Art Canada Institute
This online art book was made possible thanks to its Title Sponsor: the Hal Jackman Foundation. Much gratitude goes to the Lead Sponsor for the Canadian Online Art Book Project, Title Sponsor for this publication: BMO Financial Group.

The Art Canada Institute gratefully acknowledges the other sponsors for the 2015–16 Season: Aimia, Consignor Canadian Fine Art, Gluskin Sheff + Associates Inc., K. James Harrison, and Sandra L. Simpson, and TD Bank.

Thanks also to the Art Canada Institute Founding Patrons: Sara and Michael Angel, Jalynn H. Bennett, the Butterfield Family Foundation, David and Vivian Campbell, Albert E. Cummings, Kiki and Ian Delaney, the Fleck Family, Roger and Kevin Garland, the Gershon Iskowitz Foundation, The Scott Griffin Foundation, Michelle Koerner and Kevin Doyle, Phil Lind, Sarah and Tom Milroy, Nancy McCain and Bill Morneau, Gerald Sheff and Shanitha Kachan, Sandra L. Simpson, Pam and Mike Stein, and Robin and David Young; as well as its Founding Partner Patrons: The Pierre Elliott Trudeau Foundation and Partners in Art.

The ACI gratefully acknowledges the support and assistance of the Art Gallery of Ontario (Tracy Mallon-Jensen, Donald Rance, and Jim Shedden); Art Gallery of York University (Michael Maranda); Art Museum at the University of Toronto (Heather Pigat); Art Resource; Bijutsu Shuppan-Sha (Noriko Takahashi); Canadian Lesbian and Gay Archives (Colin Deinhardt); Carmen Lamanna Estate; Electronic Arts Intermix (Karl McCool and Anny Oberlink); Esther Schipper GMBH (Anna Mándoki and Isabelle Moffat); Florence Loewy (Camille Azaïs); Getty Research Institute (Sarah Sherman); McCarthy Tétrault LLP; National Gallery of Canada (Raven Amiro and Philip Dombowsky); Sammlung Falckenberg/Deichtorhallen Hamburg (Goesta Diercks); Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam (Hetty Wessels); The Gas Company; Tohru Kogure (Naomi Yamada); University of Lethbridge Art Gallery (Juliet Graham); Vancouver Art Gallery (Danielle Currie); De Vleeshal Zusterstraat (Julia Mullié); Württembergischer Kunstverein Stuttgart (Silke Albrecht); and Pierre Antoine, Nick Ash, Cathy Bushby, Jeremiah S. Chechik, Barr Gilmore, Peter MacCallum, Cheryl O’Brien, Michael Snow, and Vincent Trasov.

We also would like to acknowledge the image research assistance of Fern Bayer, AA Bronson, and Sholem Krishtalka.

 


 

Image Sources

Every effort has been made to secure permissions for all copyrighted material. The Art Canada Institute will gladly correct any errors or omissions.
 


 

Credit for Cover Image

 

Art Canada Institute, One Year of AZT, 1991. One Day of AZT, 1991.
One Year of AZT, 1991, with One Day of AZT, 1991. (See below for details.)

 

Credit for Banner Images

 

Art Canada Institute, General Idea, X (bleu), 1984
Biography: General Idea, X (bleu), 1984. (See below for details.)
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Nazi Milk, 1979
Key Works: General Idea, Nazi Milk, 1979. (See below for details.)
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, AIDS, 1988
Significance & Critical Issues: General Idea, AIDS, 1988. Installation view outside of S-Bahnhof Westend, Berlin, part of Vollbild AIDS: Eine Kunstausstellung über Leben und Sterben (AIDS Full Blown: An Exhibition about Living and Dying), Neue Gesellschaft für bildende Kunst, Berlin, 1988–89. © General Idea. Photo credit: General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, Magi© Bullet, 1992
Style & Technique: Magi© Bullet, 1992. (See below for details.)
Art Canada Institute, No Mean Feet, 1973–74
Sources & Resources: No Mean Feet, 1973–74. Courtesy of AA Bronson and Esther Schipper, Berlin. © General Idea. Photo credit: Nick Ash.
Art Canada Institute, The Armoury of the 1984 Miss General Idea Pavillion, 1985–90
Where to See: The Armoury of the 1984 Miss General Idea Pavillion, 1985–90. Installation view from the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto. Art Gallery of Ontario, gift from the Volunteer Committee Fund, 1990 (90/91). © General Idea.

 

Credits for Works by General Idea

 

Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Showcard Series, 1975–79
1-001 General Idea, 1975. From Showcard Series, 1975–79. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, gift of Vivian and David Campbell, 1994 (94/535.250). Courtesy of General Idea. © General Idea. Photo credit: General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, The Colour Bar, 1975. From Showcard Series 1975–79
1-046 The Colour Bar, 1975. From Showcard Series, 1975–79. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, gift of Vivian and David Campbell, 1994 (94/535.44). © General Idea. Photo credit: General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Three Blind Artists, 1979. From Showcard Series, 1975–79.
1-109 Three Blind Artists, 1979. From Showcard Series, 1975–79. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, gift of Vivian and David Campbell, 1994 (94/535.102). © General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Slow Zoom Into Ziggurat Tower, 1975. From Showcard Series, 1975–79
2-015 Slow Zoom Into Ziggurat Tower, 1975. From Showcard Series, 1975–79. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, gift of Vivian and David Campbell, 1994 (94/535.121). © General Idea. Photo credit: General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, 78 Gerrard Street West, c. 1969
78 Gerrard Street West, c. 1969. Photograph by Jorge Zontal. Courtesy of General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, AA Bronson, “Air, Earth, Fire, Water” on the sidewalk, 1969
AA Bronson stencilling the words “Air, Earth, Fire, Water” on the sidewalk, 1969. Photograph by Jorge Zontal. Collection General Idea, General Idea fonds, National Gallery of Canada Library and Archives, Ottawa. © General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, AIDS, 1987.
AIDS, 1987. Private Collection. Courtesy of Esther Schipper. © General Idea. Photo credit: Zindman/Fremont.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, AIDS, 1988-90.
AIDS, 1988–90. Installation view from General Idea’s Fin de siècle, Württembergischer Kunstverein, Stuttgart, Germany, 1992. Courtesy of General Idea and Württembergischer Kunstverein. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, gift of Robert and Lynn Simpson, 1997 (98/48.1-.3). © General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea’s Fin de siècle, Württembergischer Kunstverein, Stuttgart, 1992
AIDS, 1989. Installation view shows the sculpture at General Idea’s Fin de siècle, Württembergischer Kunstverein, Stuttgart, 1992. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, purchased 2001 (no. 45923). Courtesy of General Idea. © General Idea. Photo credit: Pierre Antoine.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, AIDS Ring, 1993/96
AIDS Ring, 1993/96. Courtesy of General Idea. © General Idea. Photo credit: Peter MacCallum.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Air, Earth, Fire, Water, newspaper advertisement, June 8, 1970
Air, Earth, Fire, Water, newspaper advertisement, June 8, 1970. Collection General Idea, General Idea fonds, National Gallery of Canada Library and Archives, Ottawa. © General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Air, Earth, Fire, Water, newspaper advertisement, June 11, 1970
Air, Earth, Fire, Water, newspaper advertisement, June 11, 1970. Collection General Idea, General Idea fonds, National Gallery of Canada Library and Archives, Ottawa. © General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, Artist’s Conception: Miss General Idea 1971, 1971
Artist’s Conception: Miss General Idea 1971, 1971. Courtesy of General Idea and Esther Schipper, Berlin. © General Idea. Photo credit: Andrea Rossetti.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Baby Makes 3, 1984/89
Baby Makes 3, 1984/89. Courtesy of Deichtorhallen Hamburg/Sammlung Falckenberg and Esther Schipper, Berlin. © General Idea. Photo credit: General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Boutique Coeurs volant, 1994/2001
Boutique Coeurs volant, 1994/2001. Installation view from Boutique Coeurs volants, Florence Loewy, Paris, October 20, 2000–March 20, 2001. Courtesy of General Idea and Florence Loewy. © General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Colour Bar Lounge, 1979
Colour Bar Lounge, 1979. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto (81/72). Purchased 1981. © General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea,
Contestants participating in The 1970 Miss General Idea Pageant, a component of What Happened, St. Lawrence Centre for the Arts, Toronto, 1970. Photograph by General Idea. Collection General Idea, General Idea fonds, National Gallery of Canada Library and Archives, Ottawa. © General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Cornucopia, 1982
Cornucopia, 1982. Courtesy of Electronic Arts Intermix. © General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, Cornucopia: Fragments from the Room of the Unknown Function in the Villa Dei Misteri of The 1984 Miss General Idea Pavilion, 1982–83
Cornucopia: Fragments from the Room of the Unknown Function in the Villa Dei Misteri of The 1984 Miss General Idea Pavilion, 1982–83. San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, Accessions Committee Fund purchase. Courtesy of General Idea. © General Idea. Photo credit: General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, Dear General Idea, if I live to be a hundred I'll never forgive myself for… (recto and verso), 1972.
Dear General Idea, if I live to be a hundred I'll never forgive myself for…, 1972. Courtesy of General Idea. © General Idea. Photo credit: The Gas Company.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, FILE Megazine, “Glamour Issue,” vol. 3, no. 1
Detail of the “Glamour” manifesto, FILE Megazine, “Glamour Issue,” vol. 3, no. 1 (autumn 1975), 22–23. © General Idea. Photo credit: General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, FILE Megazine, “Mr. Peanut Issue,” vol. 1, no. 1
Double-page spread of “Artists’ Directory,” FILE Megazine, “Mr. Peanut Issue,” vol. 1, no. 1 (April 15, 1972), 28–29. National Gallery of Canada Library and Archives, Ottawa. © General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Eye of the Beholder, 1989
Eye of the Beholder, 1989. Courtesy of General Idea. © General Idea. Photo credit: Thomas E. Moore.
Art Canada Institute, Felix Partz and Miss Honey on the set of The 1970 Miss General Idea Pageant, 1970
Felix Partz and Miss Honey on the set of The 1970 Miss General Idea Pageant, 1970. Photograph by General Idea. Collection General Idea, General Idea fonds, National Gallery of Canada Library and Archives, Ottawa. © General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, Felix Partz modelling, V.B. Gown #3 , 1975
Felix Partz modelling V.B. Gown #3 (Massing Studies for the Pavillion #3), 1975. Photograph by General Idea. Collection General Idea, General Idea fonds, Library and Archives, National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa. © General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, Felix Partz wearing a monkey-fur coat, Toronto, c. 1970
Felix Partz wearing a monkey-fur coat, Toronto, c. 1970. Photograph by Jorge Zontal. Courtesy of General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, FILE Megazine, “Final Issue, The City,” no. 29, 1989
FILE Megazine, “Final Issue, The City,” no. 29 (1989). Courtesy of General Idea. © General Idea. Photo credit: Peter MacCallum.
Art Canada Institute, FILE Megazine, “Glamour Issue,” vol. 3, no. 1, autumn 1975
FILE Megazine, “Glamour Issue,” vol. 3, no. 1 (autumn 1975). Various collections. Courtesy of General Idea. © General Idea. Photo credit: Peter MacCallum.
Art Canada Institute, FILE Megazine, “IFEL Special Paris Issue,” vol. 2, no. 3, September 1973
FILE Megazine, “IFEL Special Paris Issue,” vol. 2, no. 3 (September 1973). Courtesy of General Idea. © General Idea. Photo credit: Peter MacCallum.
Art Canada Institute, FILE Megazine, “Mr. Peanut Issue,” vol. 1, no. 1, April 15, 1972
FILE Megazine, “Mr. Peanut Issue,” vol. 1, no. 1 (April 15, 1972). Courtesy of General Idea. © General Idea. Photo credit: Peter MacCallum.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Fin de siècle, 1994
Fin de siècle, 1994. Courtesy of General Idea and Esther Schipper, Berlin. © General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Fin de siècle (detail), 1990
Fin de siècle (detail), 1990. Installation view from General Idea’s Fin de siècle, Württembergischer Kunstverein, Stuttgart, Germany, 1992. Photograph courtesy of General Idea and Württembergischer Kunstverein. Private Collection, Turin. © General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea and friends on the roof of 87 Yonge Street, Toronto, c. 1971–73
General Idea and friends on the roof of 87 Yonge Street, Toronto, c. 1971–73. Photograph by Elke Town. Collection General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea’s Nazi Milk Glass from the Colour Bar Lounge, 1980
General Idea’s Nazi Milk Glass from the Colour Bar Lounge, 1980. Courtesy of General Idea. © General Idea. Photo credit: Thomas E. Moore.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea’s Putti, 1993
General Idea’s Putti, 1993. Courtesy of General Idea. © General Idea. Photo credit: Peter MacCallum.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea Studio/Art Metropole, 241 Yonge Street, Toronto, 1974
General Idea Studio/Art Metropole, 241 Yonge Street, Toronto, 1974. Photograph by General Idea. Collection General Idea, General Idea fonds, National Gallery of Canada Library and Archives, Ottawa.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea’s Test Tube, 1980
General Idea’s Test Tube, 1980. Various Collections. Courtesy of General Idea. © General Idea. Photo credit: Peter MacCallum.
Art Canada Institute, The 1971 Miss General Idea Pageant Documentation, 1971
Granada Gazelle, Miss General Idea 1969 Displays the Entry Kit (detail from The 1971 Miss General Idea Pageant Documentation), 1971. Carmen Lamanna Estate. Courtesy of General Idea. © General Idea. Photo credit: General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Imagevirus, Amsterdam, 1991
Imagevirus (Amsterdam), 1991. © General Idea. Photo credit: General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Infe©ted Mondrian #9, 1994
Infe©ted Mondrian #9, 1994. Collection of McCarthy Tétrault LLP. © General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Light On, 1971
Inside/Outside General Idea Headquarters, Toronto (detail from the installation Light On), 1971. Collection General Idea. © General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, One Year of AZT, 1991
Installation view of One Year of AZT, 1991, and Pharma©opia, 1992. View from General Idea’s Fin de siècle, Kunstverein, Hamburg, Germany, 1992–93. Photograph from Collection General Idea, General Idea fonds, National Gallery of Canada Library and Archives, Ottawa. © General Idea. Photo credit: General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, The Belly Store installation, 1969
Jorge Zontal at his sales stand in The Belly Store installation, 1969. Courtesy of General Idea. © General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, Light On Documentation, 1971–74
Jorge Zontal and Felix Partz during the filming of Light On Documentation, 1971–74. Photograph by AA Bronson. Courtesy of General Idea. © General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, Khroma Key Klub: The Blue Ruins from the 1984 Miss General Idea Pavillion</em>, 1985
Khroma Key Klub: The Blue Ruins from the 1984 Miss General Idea Pavillion, 1985. Installation view, De Vleeshal, Middleburg, the Netherlands, 1985. Courtesy of General Idea. © General Idea. Photo credit: Wim Riemens.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Liquid Assets, 1980
Liquid Assets, 1980. Detail from cover of File Megazine, “Special $ucce$$ Issue,” vol. 5, no. 1 (March 1981). National Gallery of Canada Library and Archives, Ottawa. © General Idea. Photo credit: Peter MacCallum.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Magi© Bullet, 1992
Magi© Bullet, 1992. Installation view from Stux Gallery, New York, 1992. Museum of Modern Art, New York. Courtesy of Esther Schipper, Berlin, and Stux Gallery. © General Idea. Photo credit: General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Magic Palette, 1980
Magic Palette, 1980, from a detail of The Getting into the Spirits Cocktail Book from the 1984 Miss General Idea Pavilion, 1980. © General Idea. Photo credit: General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Manipulating the Self, 1973
Manipulating the Self (Manipulating the Scene), 1973. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto (no. 74/18), purchased 1974. © General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Manipulating the Self, Phase 1 – A Borderline Case, 1970
Manipulating the Self (Phase 1 – A Borderline Case), 1970. Photograph Courtesy of Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, and Esther Schipper, Berlin. © General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, filming of Test Tube, 1979
Marina Abramovic during the filming of Test Tube, 1979. Photograph by General Idea. Courtesy of General Idea. © General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Melting Snow Crystal Virus #4, 1992
Melting Snow Crystal Virus #4, 1992. Art Museum at the University of Toronto, gift of Sandra Simpson, 2011.11. © General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Mimi, 1968–69
Mimi, 1968–69. Collection of the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, purchased 1987 (87/21). © General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, Mimi Paige and Felix Partz at 78 Gerrard Street West, Toronto, c. 1969
Mimi Paige and Felix Partz at 78 Gerrard Street West, Toronto, c. 1969. Photograph by Jorge Zontal. Courtesy of General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Mondo Cane Kama Sutra, 1984
Mondo Cane Kama Sutra, 1984. Installation view from Haute Culture: General Idea. Une retrospective, 1969–1994, Musee d’art moderne de la Ville de Paris, 2011. Collection General Idea. © General Idea. Photo credit: Pierre Antoine.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Mondo Cane Kama Sutra (detail), 1984
Mondo Cane Kama Sutra (detail), 1984. Collection General Idea. © General Idea. Photo credit: General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Mondo Cane Kama Sutra (detail), 1984
Mondo Cane Kama Sutra (detail), 1984. Collection General Idea. © General Idea. Photo credit: General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Nazi Milk, 1979
Nazi Milk, 1979. Courtesy of Deichtorhallen Hamburg/Sammlung Falckenberg and Esther Schipper, Berlin. © General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Nightschool, 1989
Nightschool, 1989. Courtesy of Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam and General Idea. © General Idea. Photo Credit: General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, One Year of AZT, 1991
One Year of AZT, 1991, with One Day of AZT, 1991. Installation view from General Idea’s Fin de siècle, The Power Plant, Toronto, 1992. Collection of the National Gallery of Canada, One Day of AZT gift of Patsy and Jamie Anderson, Toronto, 2001 (no. 41032.1-5); One Year of AZT purchased 1995 (no. 37688.1-1825). Courtesy of General Idea. © General Idea. Photo credit: Cheryl O’Brien.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, P is for Poodle, 1983/89
P is for Poodle, 1983/89. Courtesy of Deichtorhallen Hamburg/Sammlung Falckenberg and Esther Schipper, Berlin. © General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Match My Strike, August 30,1969
Performance documentation of Match My Strike, directed by Jorge Zontal, produced by John Neon, Poor Alex Theatre, Toronto, August 30, 1969. Photographer unknown. Collection General Idea. Photograph of original documentation courtesy of Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, The 1970 Miss General Idea Pageant, 1970
Performance documentation of The 1970 Miss General Idea Pageant, a component of the project What Happened, St. Lawrence Centre for the Arts, Toronto, 1970. Collection General Idea. Photograph by General Idea. © General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Photographs, 1969
photographs (detail), 1969, by Jorge Zontal. Courtesy of General Idea. © General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Pilot, 1977
Pilot, 1977. Courtesy of Electronic Arts Intermix. © General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Playing Doctor, 1992
Playing Doctor, 1992. Courtesy of General Idea and Esther Schipper, Berlin. © General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, FILE MEGAZINE, “Glamour Issue,” vol. 3, no. 1 (autumn 1975), 20–21
Publicity shot of various issues of FILE Megazine. Includes a double-page spread from the “Glamour” manifesto in FILE Megazine, “Glamour Issue,” vol. 3, no. 1 (autumn 1975), 20–21. Courtesy of General Idea. © General Idea. Photo credit: General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Self-Portrait with Objects, 1981/82
Self-Portrait with Objects, 1981/82. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, Canadian Museum of Contemporary Photography, purchased 1985 (no. EX-85-142). © General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Showcard Series, 1975–79
Showcard Series, 1975–79. Installation view from The Art Gallery of York University Presents: The 1984 Miss General Idea Pavilion, Fall 2009, curated by Philip Monk, Art Gallery of York University, Toronto. Various collections. Courtesy of the Art Gallery of York University. © General Idea. Photo credit: Michael Maranda.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Shut the Fuck Up, 1985
Shut the Fuck Up, 1985. Courtesy of Electronic Arts Intermix. © General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Test Pattern: T.V. Dinner Plate, 1988
Test Pattern: T.V. Dinner Plate, 1988. Courtesy of General Idea. © General Idea. Photo credit: Thomas E. Moore.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Test Tube, 1979
Test Tube, 1979. Courtesy of Electronic Arts Intermix. © General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, The 1971 Miss General Idea Pageant, 1971
The 1971 Miss General Idea Pageant, 1971. Various collections. Courtesy of General Idea. © General Idea. Photo credit: Peter MacCallum.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, The Miss General Idea Pageant Entry Kit, 1971
The Miss General Idea Pageant Entry Kit, 1971. © General Idea. Photo credit: General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, The Ruins of the 1984 Miss General Idea Pavillion, 1977
The Ruins of the 1984 Miss General Idea Pavillion, 1977. Performance documentation by General Idea. © General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, The Three Graces (Mural Fragment from the Villa Dei Misteri of the 1984 Miss General Idea Pavillion), 1982
The Three Graces (Mural Fragment from the Villa Dei Misteri of the 1984 Miss General Idea Pavillion), 1982. Vancouver Art Gallery, Acquisition Fund (VAG 87.33 a-b). © General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, The Unveiling of the Cornucopia (A Mural Fragment from the Room of the Unknown Function in the Villa Dei Misteri of the 1984 Miss General Idea Pavillion), 1982
The Unveiling of the Cornucopia (A Mural Fragment from the Room of the Unknown Function in the Villa Dei Misteri of the 1984 Miss General Idea Pavillion), 1982. University of Lethbridge Art Collection, purchased 1986 with funds provided by the Canada Council Special Purchase Assistance Program (1986 113). © General Idea. Photo credit: Jane Edmundson, University of Lethbridge Art Gallery.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, The words “Air, Earth, Fire, Water” stencilled onto the sidewalk by AA Bronson, 1969
The words “Air, Earth, Fire, Water” stencilled onto the sidewalk by AA Bronson, 1969. Photograph by Jorge Zontal. Collection General Idea, General Idea fonds, National Gallery of Canada Library and Archives, Ottawa. © General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, The Boutique from the 1984 Miss General Idea Pavilion, 1980
Unknown installation view of The Boutique from the 1984 Miss General Idea Pavilion, 1980. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, gift of Sandra Simpson, 1998 (98/355). Courtesy of General Idea. © General Idea. Photo credit: General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, The Boutique from the 1984 Miss General Idea Pavilion, 1980
Unknown installation view of The Boutique from the 1984 Miss General Idea Pavilion, 1980. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, gift of Sandra Simpson, 1998 (98/355). Courtesy of General Idea. © General Idea. Photo credit: General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Going thru the Motions, V.B. Gowns, 1975
V.B. Gowns featured in a performance view of Going thru the Motions, Walker Court, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, September 18, 1975. Collection General Idea. © General Idea. Photographer unknown.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, ouble Mirror Video (A Borderline Case), 197
Video still from Double Mirror Video (A Borderline Case), 1971. Courtesy of Electronic Arts Intermix. © General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Shut the Fuck Up, 1985
Video still from Shut the Fuck Up, 1985. Courtesy of Electronic Arts Intermix. © General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Test Tube, 1979
Video still from Test Tube, 1979. Courtesy of Electronic Arts Intermix. © General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, X (bleu), 1984
X (bleu), 1984. Installation view from Haute Culture: General Idea—A Retrospective, 1969–1994, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, 2011–12. Photograph courtesy of Art Gallery of Ontario and General Idea. Art Gallery of Ontario, gift of Sandra Simpson, 1993 (94/5). © General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, X Voto (for the Spirit of Miss General Idea), 1995
X Voto (for the Spirit of Miss General Idea), 1995. Courtesy of General Idea and National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa. © General Idea. Photo credit: Cathy Busby.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, ¥en Boutique, 1989
¥en Boutique, 1989. Installation view from General Idea, Galleria Massimo De Carlo Arte Contemporanea, Milan, 1990. Fonds national d’art contemporain, for the collection of Musée national d’Art moderne—Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris. © General Idea. Photo credit: General Idea.

 

Credits for Photographs and Works by Other Artists

 

Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Car Crash, 1960
Car Crash, 1960, by Jim Dine. Performed at the Reuben Gallery, New York, November 16, 1960. Photograph by Robert R. McElroy. Courtesy of Getty Research Institute, Los Angeles (2014.M.7). © J. Paul Getty Trust.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Felix, June 5, 1994, 1994
Felix, June 5, 1994, 1994, by AA Bronson. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa (no. 40633). © AA Bronson.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Test Pattern: T.V. Dinner Plates from the Miss General Idea Pavillion (detail), 1988
General Idea in front of an installation of Test Pattern: T.V. Dinner Plates from the Miss General Idea Pavillion (detail), 1988. Installation view, SPIRAL (Wacoal Art Centre), Tokyo, 1988. Photograph by Tohru Kogure. Courtesy of Bijutsu Techo, Bijutsu Shuppan Sha. Collection General Idea, General Idea fonds, National Gallery of Canada Library and Archives, Ottawa.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Reconstructing Futures, 1977
General Idea relaxing in Reconstructing Futures, 1977. Photograph by Jeremiah S. Chechik. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, purchased 1983 (no.28286.1-31). Courtesy of General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Glamour is Theft: A User’s Guide to General Idea by Philip Monk. (Toronto: Art Gallery of York University, 2012)
Glamour is Theft: A User’s Guide to General Idea by Philip Monk. (Toronto: Art Gallery of York University, 2012). Courtesy of the Art Gallery of York University.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Jorge Zontal, c. 1972
Jorge Zontal, c. 1972. Photographer unknown. Collection General Idea, General Idea fonds, National Gallery of Canada Library and Archives, Ottawa.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Jorge Zontal, January 29, 1994
Jorge Zontal, January 29, 1994. Photograph by Barr Gilmore. Courtesy of General Idea.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Life, vol. 61, no. 12 (September 16, 1966)
Life, vol. 61, no. 12 (September 16, 1966).
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, LOVE, 1966
LOVE, 1966, by Robert Indiana. Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indianapolis, Indiana, James E. Roberts Fund (67.8).
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Robert Indiana, LOVE, 1966–99
LOVE, 1966–99, by Robert Indiana. Installed in New York, New York. Photograph by Hu Totya.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Vincent Trasov, Marcel Dot, 1971
Marcel Dot, 1971, by Vincent Trasov. Collection General Idea. © Vincent Trasov.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Yousuf Karsh, Marshall McLuhan (1911–1980), 1974
Marshall McLuhan (1911–1980), 1974 (printed later), by Yousuf Karsh. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, gift of Estrellita Karsh, 2009, in memory of her husband (no. 42604). © Yousuf Karsh Estate.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Performance by Artist, 1979
Performance by Artists, edited by AA Bronson and Peggy Gale, Toronto: Art Metropole, 1979. Courtesy of Art Metropole.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Silver Clouds, 1966 (re-fabricated in 1994)
Silver Clouds, 1966 (re-fabricated in 1994), by Andy Warhol in collaboration with Billy Klüver. Installation view from Mostra SESC de Artes, Sao Paulo, Brazil, 2002. Andy Warhol Museum, Pittsburg. © The Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts, inc. / SODRAC (2016).
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, The Body Politic, November–December 1971
The Body Politic, November–December 1971. Courtesy of Canadian Lesbian and Gay Archives, Toronto.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, The Body Politic: Special Police Raid Issue</em>, February 1979
The Body Politic: Special Police Raid Issue, February 1979. Courtesy of Canadian Lesbian and Gay Archives, Toronto.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, El Greco, The Nobleman with his Hand on his Chest, c. 1580
The Nobleman with his Hand on his Chest, c. 1580, by El Greco. Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid (P00809).
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Caspar David Friedrich, The Wreck of the Hope (The Arctic Sea), 1823–24
The Wreck of the Hope (The Arctic Sea), 1823–24, by Caspar David Friedrich. Hamburger Kunsthalle.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Marshall McLuhan, Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man, 1965
Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man by Marshall McLuhan, New York: McGraw-Hill, 1965. Cover design by Rudolph de Harak.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Peggy Gale, Video by Artists, 1976
Video by Artists, edited by Peggy Gale, Toronto: Art Metropole, 1976.
Art Canada Institute, General Idea, Michael Snow, Wavelength, 1966–67
Video still from Wavelength, 1966–67, by Michael Snow. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, purchased 1970. © Michael Snow.

 

Book Credits

 

Publisher

Sara Angel


Executive Editor

Kendra Ward


French Editorial Director

Dominique Denis


Image Research Manager

Cliodna Cussen


Senior Web Manager

Simone Wharton


Editors

Shannon Anderson

Sholem Krishtalka


Copy Editor

Claire Crighton


Proofreader

Heather Sangster


Translator

Eve Renaud


Digital Layout Managers

Sara Rodriguez

Simone Wharton


English Layout Associate

Heather Pierce


French Layout Associate

Alicia Peres

 

Design Template
Studio Blackwell

 


 

Copyright

© 2016 Art Canada Institute. All rights reserved. 
ISBN 978-1-4871-0092-6 

Art Canada Institute
Massey College, University of Toronto 
4 Devonshire Place
Toronto, ON M5S 2E1

 

Library and Archives Canada Cataloguing in Publication

 

Smith, Sarah E.K., 1983-, author 

General Idea : life & work / Sarah E.K. Smith.
 

Includes bibliographical references. 
Contents: Biography — Key works — Significance & critical issues — Style &
technique — Sources & resources — Where to see.

Electronic monograph.

ISBN 978-1-4871-0093-3 (pdf).— ISBN 978-1-4871-0094-0 (mobile).
 

1. General Idea (Artists’ collective)—History  2. Art, Canadian—20th century  I. Art Canada Institute, issuing body II. General Idea (Artists' collective).  Works.  Selections.  III. Title.

 

NX513.Z9G4637 2016                     700.92                    C2016-900891-6

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