Copyright & Credits

 

 

Acknowledgements

From the Author

I wish to express my gratitude to the editors and staff of the Art Canada Institute for their unwavering support of this book. Sara Angel’s enthusiasm and dedication to bringing this project to a close has been especially impressive. I also want to thank wholeheartedly Lucy Kenward, my editor, with whom it was an absolute pleasure to work. Any errors or shortcomings in this book are my responsibility.


Without the generous support from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council, the University of Regina President’s Fund, and the University of Regina’s Humanities Research Institute, the research for this book would not have been possible. I wish also to thank my diligent research assistants, Leisha Grebinski, Bridget Keating, Lydia Miliokas, Caitlyn Jean McMillan, Caitlin Mullan, and Ashton Wiebe. Friends, colleagues, mentors, faculty, and students at the First Nations University of Canada, the University of Regina and beyond deserve my thanks. I am grateful also to the members of the Norval Morrisseau Heritage Society for their encouragement.


Special thanks goes to my family. My daughters, Dagmar and Madelaine, continually inspire me with their zest for life and I thank them for this. To Mark, my husband, words don’t really cut it but thanks for keeping it real. I come from a line of strong Lakota women and I need to thank my grandmother Jean Paquin and my mother, Collette Robertson, for instilling in me their spirit and tenacity. It comes in handy.

 

From the Art Canada Institute
This online art book was made possible thanks to BMO Financial Group, Lead Sponsor for the Canadian Online Art Book Project.

Much gratitude goes to the Title Sponsor for this publication: TD Bank Group.

The Art Canada Institute gratefully acknowledges the other sponsors for the 2015–16 Season: Aimia, Consignor Canadian Fine Art, Gluskin Sheff + Associates Inc., the Hal Jackman Foundation, K. James Harrison, and Sandra L. Simpson.

Thanks also to the Art Canada Institute Founding Patrons: Sara and Michael Angel, Jalynn H. Bennett, the Butterfield Family Foundation, David and Vivian Campbell, Albert E. Cummings, Kiki and Ian Delaney, the Fleck Family, Roger and Kevin Garland, the Gershon Iskowitz Foundation, The Scott Griffin Foundation, Michelle Koerner and Kevin Doyle, Phil Lind, Sarah and Tom Milroy, Nancy McCain and Bill Morneau, Gerald Sheff and Shanitha Kachan, Sandra L. Simpson, Pam and Mike Stein, and Robin and David Young; as well as its Founding Partner Patrons: The Pierre Elliott Trudeau Foundation and Partners in Art.

The ACI gratefully acknowledges the support and assistance of Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada (Kevin Gibbs, Danielle Shrestha, and Danielle Printup); the Art Gallery of Ontario (Jim Shedden); Canadian Museum of History (Erin Gurski and Vincent Lafond); Christian Chapman; Edward P. Taylor Library & Archives (Donald Rance); Glenbow Museum (Lia Melemenis); McMichael Canadian Art Collection (Dr. Sarah Stanners, Janine Butler, and Ki-in Wong); Montreal Museum of Fine Arts (Marie-Claude Saia); National Film Board of Canada (Ragnhild Milewski); National Gallery of Canada (Kristin Rothschild, Raven Amiro, and Erica Dole); and Thunder Bay Art Gallery (Meaghan Eley).

 


 

Image Sources

Every effort has been made to secure permissions for all copyrighted material. The Art Canada Institute will gladly correct any errors or omissions.

 


 

Credit for Cover Image

 

Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Observations of the Astral World, c. 1994
Norval Morrisseau, Observations of the Astral World, c. 1994. (See below for details.)

 


 

Credits for Banner Images

 

Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, 1975
Biography: Norval Morrisseau, 1975. (See below for details.)
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Observations of the Astral World, c. 1994
Key Works: Norval Morrisseau, Observations of the Astral World, c. 1994. (See below for details.)
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Artist and Shaman between Two Worlds, 1983
Significance & Critical Issues: Norval Morrisseau, Artist and Shaman between Two Worlds, 1983. (See below for details.)
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, The Gift, 1975
Style & Technique: Norval Morrisseau, The Gift, 1975. (See below for details.)
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Jo-Go Way Moose Dream, c. 1964
Sources & Resources: Norval Morrisseau, Jo-Go Way Moose Dream, c. 1964. (See below for details.)
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Man Changing into Thunderbird, 1977
Where to See: Installation view of Norval Morrisseau’s Man Changing into Thunderbird, 1977, at the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, 2015.

 


 

Credits for Works by Norval Morrisseau

 

Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Adam and Eve and the Serpent, 1974
Adam and Eve and the Serpent, 1974. Thunder Bay Art Gallery, Helen E. Band Collection.
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Ancestors Performing the Ritual of the Shaking Tent, c. 1958–61
Ancestors Performing the Ritual of the Shaking Tent, c. 1958–61. Canadian Museum of History, Gatineau. This acquisition was made possible by a contribution from the government of Canada under the terms of the Emergency Purchase Fund (III-G-1045).
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Androgyny, 1983
Androgyny, 1983. Collection of Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada, Gatineau (306400 A-D). Photograph by Lawrence Cook. 
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau,  Artist and Shaman between Two Worlds, 1980
Artist and Shaman between Two Worlds, 1980. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa (no. 41869). 
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Artist in Union with Mother Earth, 1972
Artist in Union with Mother Earth, 1972. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa (no. 42476). 
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Artist’s Wife and Daughter, c. 1975
Artist’s Wife and Daughter, c. 1975. McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario (1981.87.1).  
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, The Gift, 1975
The Gift, 1975. Thunder Bay Art Gallery, Helen E. Band Collection.
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Impressionist Thunderbirds, 1975
Impressionist Thunderbirds, 1975. Richard H. Baker Collection.
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Indian Erotic Fantasy, n.d.
Indian Erotic Fantasy, n.d. Private collection.
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Indian Jesus Christ, 1974
Indian Jesus Christ, 1974. Collection of Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada, Gatineau (151957). Photograph by Lawrence Cook.
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Jo-Go Way Moose Dream, c. 1964
Jo-Go Way Moose Dream, c. 1964. Collection of the Glenbow Museum, Calgary (64.37.6).
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Man and Snake, c. 1964
Man and Snake, c. 1964. Collection of the Glenbow Museum, Calgary.
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Man Changing into Thunderbird, 1977
Man Changing into Thunderbird, 1977. Private collection. Photograph courtesy of the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto.
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Man Changing into Thunderbird, 1977
Man Changing into Thunderbird (detail), 1977. Private collection. Photograph courtesy of the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto.
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Man Changing into Thunderbird, 1977
Man Changing into Thunderbird (detail), 1977. Private collection. Photograph courtesy of the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto.
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Migration, 1973
Migration, 1973. Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto. Gift from the Estate of Dr. Bernhard Cinader (2001.168.340).
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Mishupishu, n.d.
Mishupishu, n.d. Collection of Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada, Gatineau, Selwyn Dewdney Fonds (A-306079). Photograph by Lawrence Cook.
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Moose Dream Legend, 1962
Moose Dream Legend, 1962. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto. Gift of Procter and Gamble Co. of Canada, Ltd., 1964 (no. 63/ 54).
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Observations of the Astral World, c. 1994
Observations of the Astral World, c. 1994. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa (no. 41338).
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Ojibway Shaman Figure, 1975
Ojibway Shaman Figure, 1975. Montreal Museum of Fine Arts. Gift of Freda and Irwin Browns (2006.23). 
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Phallic God in Disguise, 1972
Phallic God in Disguise, 1972. Private collection. 
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Sacred Buffalo, c. 1963
Sacred Buffalo, c. 1963. University of Lethbridge Art Collection.
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Self-Portrait Devoured by Demons, 1964
Self-Portrait Devoured by Demons, 1964. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto. Purchase with assistance from Wintario, 1979 (no. 79/71). 
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Shaman and Disciples, 1979
Shaman and Disciples, 1979. McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario (1979.34.7).
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, The Storyteller: The Artist and His Grandfather, 1978
The Storyteller: The Artist and His Grandfather, 1978. Collection of Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada, Gatineau (151805 A-B). Photograph by Lawrence Cook.
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Susan, 1983
Susan, 1983. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa (no. 41930).
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Transmigration of the Human Soul into Another Existence, 1972–73
Transmigration of the Human Soul into Another Existence, 1972–73. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa (no. 42196).
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Untitled (Shaman Traveller to Other Worlds for Blessings), c. 1990
Untitled (Shaman Traveller to Other Worlds for Blessings), c. 1990. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa (no. 41852).
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Untitled (Thunderbird Transformation), c. 1958–60
Untitled (Thunderbird Transformation), c. 1958–60. Weinstein Collection, Canadian Museum of History, Gatineau (III-G-1099).
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Untitled (Two Bull Moose), 1965
Untitled (Two Bull Moose), 1965. Thunder Bay Art Gallery. Gift of Carl Bogglid. 
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Untitled, c. 1958
Untitled, c. 1958. Weinstein Collection, Canadian Museum of History, Gatineau (III-G-1370).
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Water Spirit, 1972
Water Spirit, 1972. Canadian Museum of History, Gatineau (III-G-1102).

 


 

Credits for Photographs and Works by Other Artists

 

Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Agawa rock art
Agawa rock art. Photograph by D. Gordon E. Robertson, © 2011.
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Birchbark basket, Anishnaabe/Ojibwa. Canadian Museum of History, Gatineau
Birchbark basket, Anishnaabe/Ojibwa. Canadian Museum of History, Gatineau (III-G-250 a-b).
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Birchbark basket made by Patricia Kakegamic and painted by Norval Morrisseau
Birchbark basket made by Patricia Kakegamic and painted by Norval Morrisseau. Collection of Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada, Gatineau (A-306081). Photograph by Lawrence Cook.
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Conflict of Good and Evil, 1966, by Daphne Odjig
Conflict of Good and Evil, 1966, by Daphne Odjig. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa. Gift of Jennifer and Gary Scherbain, Winnipeg, 2011 (no. 43465).
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Cover of The Legends of My People: The Great Ojibway
Cover of The Legends of My People: The Great Ojibway, illustrated and told by Norval Morrisseau and edited by Selwyn Dewdney (Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1965).
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Cover of Norval Morrisseau: Shaman Artist, edited by Greg Hill
Cover of Norval Morrisseau: Shaman Artist, edited by Greg Hill (Ottawa: National Gallery of Canada, 2006).
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Cover of Windigo and Other Tales of the Ojibways, edited by Dr. Herbert T. Schwarz
Cover of Windigo and Other Tales of the Ojibways, edited by Dr. Herbert T. Schwarz with illustrations by Norval Morrisseau (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1969).
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Film still of Jack Pollock and Norval Morrisseau from the National Film Board documentary The Paradox of Norval Morrisseau, 1973
Film still of Jack Pollock and Norval Morrisseau from the National Film Board documentary The Paradox of Norval Morrisseau, 1973.
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Expo 67 Mural
Expo 67 Mural. Courtesy of Kinsman Robinson Gallery. 
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, The Right Honourable Michaëlle Jean, twenty-seventh Governor General of Canada (2005–10), with Morrisseau's daughters Lisa and Victoria
The Right Honourable Michaëlle Jean, twenty-seventh Governor General of Canada (2005–10), with Morrisseau's daughters Lisa and Victoria. Photograph by Sgt Serge Gouin, Rideau Hall © OSGG, 2008. Reproduced with permission of the OSGG, 2016.
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Harriet, Norval, Victoria, and Pierre Morrisseau, 1964
Harriet, Norval, Victoria, and Pierre Morrisseau, 1964. Photograph courtesy of the Globe and Mail.
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Honour the Sun, c. 1970s, by Joshim Kakegamic
Honour the Sun, c. 1970s, by Joshim Kakegamic. McMaster Museum of Art, Hamilton. Gift of Dr. Paul R. MacPherson (2012.004.0009).
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Installation view of two works by Morrisseau in Magiciens de la Terre, 1989.
Installation view of two works by Morrisseau in Magiciens de la Terre, 1989. © Centre Pompidou, Bibliothèque Kandinsky, Paris.
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Installation view of two works by Morrisseau in Magiciens de la Terre, 1989.
Installation view of two works by Morrisseau in Magiciens de la Terre, 1989. © Centre Pompidou, Bibliothèque Kandinsky, Paris.
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Map of Northern Ontario.
Map of Northern Ontario. © Eric Leinberger
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Norval Morrisseau, 1975, National Gallery of Canada Library and Archives
Norval Morrisseau, 1975, National Gallery of Canada Library and Archives, Dominion Gallery Fonds.
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Norval Morrisseau and the Emergence of the Image Makers
Norval Morrisseau and the Emergence of the Image Makers. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, 1984.
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Norval Morrisseau at home in White Rock, B.C., 1996
Norval Morrisseau at home in White Rock, B.C., 1996. Collection of Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada, Gatineau. Photograph by Fred Cattrol.
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Norval Morrisseau at the McMichael Canadian Art Collection, 1979
Norval Morrisseau at the McMichael Canadian Art Collection, 1979. Photograph by Ian Samson, courtesy of the McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario.
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Norval Morrisseau in front of Androgyny, 2006
Norval Morrisseau in front of Androgyny, 2006. Ottawa Citizen photo archives.
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Norval Morrisseau in front of Red Lake Mural
Norval Morrisseau in front of Red Lake Mural. Courtesy of Red Lake Museum. 
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Norval Morrisseau in Red Lake
Norval Morrisseau in Red Lake. Courtesy of Red Lake Museum.  
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau painting Androgyny, 1983
Norval Morrisseau painting Androgyny, 1983.
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Norval Morrisseau painting outdoors in Red Lake, August 1966
Norval Morrisseau painting outdoors in Red Lake, August 1966. Courtesy of Kinsman Robinson Gallery.
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Past, Present and Future of the Anishinabe People, by Christian Chapman
Past, Present and Future of the Anishinabe People, by Christian Chapman.
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Pollock Gallery Invitation, 1962
Pollock Gallery Invitation, 1962. Courtesy of Kinsman Robinson Gallery. 
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Still image of Norval Morrisseau from The Paradox of Norval Morrisseau
Still image of Norval Morrisseau from The Paradox of Norval Morrisseau, © 1974 National Film Board of Canada. All rights reserved.
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Still image of Norval Morrisseau from The Paradox of Norval Morrisseau
Still image of Norval Morrisseau from The Paradox of Norval Morrisseau, © 1974 National Film Board of Canada. All rights reserved.
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, So Great Was Their Love, 1975, by Daphne Odjig
So Great Was Their Love, 1975, by Daphne Odjig. Private collection. 
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Tea Party at Beardmore, 1979
Tea Party at Beardmore, 1979. Photographs courtesy of Barbara Stimpson.
Art Canada Institute, Norval Morrisseau, Thunderbird Rock Painting at Cliff Lake
Thunderbird Rock Painting at Cliff Lake. Courtesy of http://albinger.me/.

 


 

Book Credits

 

Publisher

Sara Angel

 

Executive Editor

Kendra Ward

 

French Editorial Director

Dominique Denis

 

Image Research Director

John Geoghegan

 

Senior Web Manager

Simone Wharton

 

Editor

Lucy Kenward

 

Copy Editor

Claire Crighton

 

Proofreader

Linda Pruessen

 

Translator

Nathalie de Blois

 

Digital Layout Manager

Sara Rodriguez

 

English Layout Associate

Emily Derr

 

French Layout Associate

Alicia Peres

 

Design Template
Studio Blackwell

 


 

Copyright

© 2016 Art Canada Institute. All rights reserved.
ISBN 978-1-4871-0086-5

Art Canada Institute
Massey College, University of Toronto
4 Devonshire Place
Toronto, ON M5S 2E1

 

Library and Archives Canada Cataloguing in Publication

 

Robertson, Carmen, author 

Norval Morrisseau : life & work / Carmen Robertson.
 

Includes bibliographical references. 
Contents: Biography — Key works — Significance & critical issues — Style &
 technique — Sources & resources — Where to see.

Electronic monograph.
ISBN 978-1-4871-0087-2 (pdf).—ISBN 978-1-4871-0088-9 (mobile)
 

1. Morrisseau, Norval, 1931-2007.  2. Morrisseau, Norval, 1931-2007—Criticism and interpretation.  3. Painters—Canada—Biography.  I. Morrisseau, Norval, 1931-2007. Paintings. Selections.  II. Art Canada Institute, issuing body  II. Title.

 

ND249.M66R63 2016                 759.11                  C2015-906968-8 

 

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