Pellan, Alfred (Canadian, 1906–1988)
A painter active in Paris art circles in the 1930s and 1940s. In Montreal Pellan taught at the École des beaux-arts (now part of the Université du Québec à Montréal) from 1943 to 1952. He was the leader of the short-lived Prisme d’yeux (1948), a painters’ group that opposed and wanted to discredit the ideas of the Automatistes. His work from the 1950s on is markedly Surrealist.
Pepper, George (Canadian, 1903–1962)
An artist and teacher who spent much of his professional life in Toronto, Pepper studied under J.E.H MacDonald and J.W. Beatty and found inspiration in the work of the Group of Seven. An official Canadian war artist during the Second World War, he was commissioned by the Canadian Pacific Railway to paint a mural in one of their transcontinental trains. Pepper was married to prominent artist Kathleen Daly and the couple travelled to the Arctic in 1960 to study Inuit art. He was a member of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts.
Pepper, Kathleen Daly (Canadian, 1898–1994)
A painter trained by members of the Group of Seven J.E.H. MacDonald and Arthur Lismer (among other prominent early twentieth-century painters), and whose work is closely associated with theirs, though her stylistic interpretation of her subjects and use of colour is unique. She married painter George Pepper in 1929; the two worked closely together until his death in 1956. She exhibited in Canada and internationally, including at the Tate Gallery in London.
Pflug, Christiane (German/Canadian, 1936–1972)
A painter born in Germany during the Second World War, who lived in Paris and Tunisia before moving to Toronto with her young family in 1959. She was represented in her adopted city by the influential Isaacs Gallery and became well known for her precise, otherworldly paintings of her domestic surrounds.
Picasso, Pablo (Spanish, 1881–1973)
One of the most famous and influential artists of his time, Picasso was a prominent member of the Parisian avant-garde circle that included Henri Matisse and Georges Braque. His painting Les Demoiselles d’Avignon, 1907, is considered by many to be the most important of the twentieth century.
Pooley, Henry (British, active 1812–1843)
A nineteenth-century British military engineer who made sketches of sites in the Ottawa region at the request of the Governor General Lord Dalhousie. Pooley’s watercolour sketches of the Rideau Canal in the 1830s document the displacement of Indigenous peoples at the hands of European colonizers.
Pootoogook, Annie (Kinngait, 1969–2016)
Annie Pootoogook was one of Canada’s most prominent Inuit artists, whose non-traditional and very personal drawings and prints convey her experience of present-day life in Cape Dorset. Her extraordinarily artistic family includes her parents, Eegyvudluk and Napachie Pootoogook, and her grandmother Pitseolak Ashoona. In 2006 Annie Pootoogook won the prestigious Sobey Art Award and in 2007 was exhibited in Germany at documenta 12. (See Annie Pootoogook: Life & Work by Nancy G. Campbell.)
Pootoogook, Kananginak (Kinngait, 1935–2010)
One of the four carvers who helped James Houston start the print program at the West Baffin Eskimo Co-operative in the 1950s, Kananginak became a prolific printmaker and graphic artist. Known for his nuanced and realistic representations of animals, especially owls, he has been called the “Audubon of the North,” but he also depicted social change in his community. The son of the important camp leader Pootoogook and uncle of the artist Annie Pootoogook, in 2017 Kananginak became the first Inuit artist to have work included in the Venice Biennale.
Pootoogook, Napachie (Kinngait, 1938–2002)
Napachie Pootoogook was born in Sako, a camp on the southwest coast of Baffin Island, and took up drawing in the late 1950s alongside her mother, Pitseolak Ashoona. While her earliest prints and drawings largely depict the Inuit spirit world, from the 1970s she concentrated on more earth-bound subjects, including historical events and traditional life and customs. A series of autobiographical drawings was featured in a solo exhibition at the Winnipeg Art Gallery in 2004.