Copyright & Credits

 

 

Acknowledgements

From the Author

My heartfelt thanks to Mary Handford who patiently entertained my speculations on her husband and gave me access to a wealth of material; Matthew Teitelbaum who has done so much to sustain Paterson Ewen’s legacy and responded graciously to all my queries; Kim Moodie who was both a student and a colleague of Paterson (he was also a student of Guido Molinari!); the many students and friends of Paterson whom I ran into during my research who volunteered so many wonderful anecdotes; my partner, Karen, who is thrilled to have her husband back, and sons, Robbie and Pat, who are tired of hearing about Ewen; the archivists at the Art Gallery of Ontario; John Shearer of the Canadian Art Group; my assiduous research assistants Shelley Kopp and Leah Abaza; Kim Neudorf, who helped with several of the images; Anna Hudson and Sara Angel who eagerly took up my suggestion of writing a volume on Ewen; Eva Lu, a former student of mine, who did some amazing detective work in sourcing the images; Kendra Ward who oversaw the production of my text; and Lucy Kenward, who is a phenomenal editor and deserves much of the credit for keeping my text on track and my verbosity to a minimum.

 

From the Art Canada Institute

The Art Canada Institute gratefully acknowledges the generosity of Richard and Donna Ivey, the Title Sponsor of this book.

 

The Art Canada Institute gratefully acknowledges its other sponsors for the 2017–18 Season: Aimia, Alexandra Bennett in memory of Jalynn Bennett, Consignor Canadian Fine Art, Kiki and Ian Delaney, the six children of Betty-Ann McNicoll-Elliott and R. Fraser Elliott, The Sabourin Family Foundation, Sandra L. Simpson, and TD Bank Group.

 

We also sincerely thank the Founding Sponsor for the Art Canada Institute: BMO Financial Group; and the Art Canada Institute Founding Patrons: Jalynn H. Bennett, Butterfield Family Foundation, David and Vivian Campbell, Albert E. Cummings, Kiki and Ian Delaney, Dr. Jon S. and Mrs. Lyne Dellandrea, the Fleck family, Roger and Kevin Garland, Glorious & Free Foundation, The Scott Griffin Foundation, Gershon Iskowitz Foundation, Jane Huh, Michelle Koerner and Kevin Doyle, Lawson Hunter, Phil Lind, Nancy McCain and Bill Morneau, Sarah and Tom Milroy, Partners in Art, Gerald Sheff and Shanitha Kachan, Sandra L. Simpson, Stephen Smart, Pam and Mike Stein, Nalini and Tim Stewart, The Pierre Elliott Trudeau Foundation, Robin and David Young, and Sara and Michael Angel.

 

We thank our Lead Benefactors: Alexandra Baillie, Alexandra Bennett, Grant and Alice Burton, Kiki and Ian Delaney, Dr. Jon S. and Mrs. Lyne Dellandrea, Michelle Koerner and Kevin Doyle, James and Melinda Harrison, Sarah and Tom Milroy, Partners in Art, Pam and Michael Stein, and Sara and Michael Angel.

 

We thank our Patrons: Connor, Clark & Lunn Foundation and Lawson Hunter.

 

The ACI gratefully acknowledges the support and assistance of the Alan Klinkhoff Gallery (Alan Klinkhoff); Art Gallery of Hamilton (Christine Braun); Art Gallery of Ontario (Eva Athanasiu, Tracy Mallon-Jensen); Art Gallery of Peterborough (Fynn Leitch); Art Gallery of Windsor (Nicole McCabe); Canadian Art Group (John Shearer); Dance Collection Danse (Amy Bowring); Estates of Dr. Blema and Mr. H. Arnold Steinberg (Laura Battisi, Adam Steinberg); Galerie Eric Klinkhoff (Eric Klinkhoff); Galerie Simon Blais (Paul Bradley); Heffel Fine Art Auction House (Molly Tonken); McIntosh Gallery (Brian Lambert); Michael Gibson Gallery (Michael Gibson, Jennie Kraehling); Montreal Museum of Fine Arts (Marie-Claude Saia); Musée d’art contemporain de Montréal (Pascale Tremblay); Museum London (Janette Cousins Ewan); National Gallery Canada (Raven Amiro); Newzones; Norton Simon Museum of Art (Britta Traub); Olga Korper Gallery (Shelli Cassidy-McIntosh, Aaron Guravich); Phillips (Roselyn Mathews); SODRAC (Gilles Lessard); The Toronto Club (Trevor Noonan); University of Lethbridge Art Gallery (Andrea Kremenik); Vancouver Art Gallery (Danielle Currie); and Isadora Chicoine-Marinier, Clarence Epstein, Yechel Gagnon, Toni Hafkenscheid, Mary Handford, Bryan Maycock, and Françoise Sullivan. The ACI recognizes the numerous private collectors who have given permission for their work to be published in this edition.

 


 

Image Sources

Every effort has been made to secure permissions for all copyrighted material. The Art Canada Institute will gladly correct any errors or omissions.

 


 

Credit for Banner Images

 

Photograph of Paterson Ewen in 1996

Biography: Paterson Ewen, 1996. (See below for details.)

Photograph of Paterson Ewen in 1980

Key Works: Paterson Ewen photographed with Gibbous Moon, 1980. (See below for details.)

Paterson Ewen working in his studio

Significance & Critical Issues: Paterson Ewen working in his studio, n.d., photographer unknown. Courtesy of Mary Handford.

Photograph of Ewen's pain brushes
Style & Technique: Ewen’s paint brushes, n.d., photograph by Mary Handford. Courtesy of Mary Handford.
Photograph contact sheet of Paterson Ewen's works installed

Where to See: Contact sheet showing several photographs of a gallery installation, n.d., photographer unknown. Courtesy of Mary Handford.

Paterson Ewen's studio in 1971
Sources & Resources: Paterson Ewen’s studio, 1971, photographer unknown. Courtesy of Mary Handford.

 


 

Credits for Works by Paterson Ewen

 

 The Bandaged Man, 1973, by Paterson Ewen

The Bandaged Man, 1973. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, purchased 1973 (17253). © Mary Handford.

Blackout, 1960,

Blackout, 1960. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, purchased 1985 (28770). © Mary Handford.

 Blast, 1957,

Blast (from the album “Sans titre,” created in collaboration), 1957. Musée d’art contemporain de Montréal (A 65 53 G 10 [4]). © Mary Handford

 Chinese Dragons in the Milky Way, 1997,

Chinese Dragons in the Milky Way, 1997. Private collection. © Mary Handford.

Citadel, Quebec, 1947,

Citadel, Quebec, 1947. McIntosh Gallery Collection, Western University, purchase, W.H. Abbott Fund with assistance from Wintario, 1986 (1986.0012). © Mary Handford.

Citadel, Quebec, 1947,
Coastline with Precipitation, 1975. Private collection. Courtesy of Waddington’s. © Mary Handford. Photo credit: Toni Hafkenscheid.
Cosmic Cannibalism, 1994,
Cosmic Cannibalism, 1994. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, gift of the artist, 1994 (95/22). © Mary Handford.
Decadent Crescent Moon, 1990,
Decadent Crescent Moon, 1990. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, anonymous gift, 1994 (94/949). © Mary Handford.
Diagram of a Multiple Personality #7, 1966,

Diagram of a Multiple Personality #7, 1966. Private collection. Courtesy of Heffel Fine Art Auction House. © Mary Handford.

Eruptive Prominence, 1971,

Eruptive Prominence, 1971. Art Gallery of Peterborough, gift of Peter Norris, 1994 (94.009.007). © Mary Handford. Photo credit: Lesli Michaelis-Onusko.

Full Circle Flag Effect, 1974,
Full Circle Flag Effect, 1974. Private collection. Courtesy of Heffel Fine Art Auction House. © Mary Handford.
Galaxy NGC-253, 1973,

Galaxy NGC-253, 1973. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, purchased 1974 (17953). © Mary Handford.

Gibbous Moon, 1980,

Gibbous Moon, 1980. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, purchased 1980 (23659). © Mary Handford.

 The Great Wave—Homage to Hokusai, 1974,
The Great Wave—Homage to Hokusai, 1974. Art Gallery of Windsor, purchased with the assistance of the Ontario Ministry of Culture and Recreation through Wintario, 1978 (1978.013). © Mary Handford.
Halley’s Comet as Seen by Giotto, 1979,
Halley’s Comet as Seen by Giotto, 1979. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, anonymous gift, 1994 (94/943). © Mary Handford.
Ice Floes at Resolute Bay, 1983,
Ice Floes at Resolute Bay, 1983. McIntosh Gallery Collection, Western University, London, Ontario, purchase, W.H. Abbott Fund, 1984 (1984.0011). © Mary Handford.
Interior, Fort Street, Montreal [#1], 1951,
Interior, Fort Street, Montreal [#1], 1951. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, gift of the Ramstein family, Toronto, 1996 (95/352). © Mary Handford.
Landscape with Monastery, 1947,
Landscape with Monastery, 1947. McIntosh Gallery Collection, Western University, purchase, W.H. Abbott Fund with assistance from Wintario, 1986 (1986.0010). © Mary Handford.
Lethbridge Landscape, 1981
Lethbridge Landscape, 1981. University of Lethbridge Art Collection, mural commissioned for the University of Lethbridge, 1981 (1981.14). © Mary Handford. Photo credit: Andrea Kremenik
 Lifestream, 1959,
Lifestream, 1959. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, anonymous gift, 1994 (94/931). © Mary Handford.
Many Moons II, 1994
Many Moons II, 1994. Photograph by Mary Handford. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, gift of the artist, 1995 (95/402). © Mary Handford.
Moon, 1975,
Moon, 1975. McIntosh Gallery Collection, Western University, gift of Doreen Curry, 2016 (2016.0027). © Mary Handford.
Moon over Tobermory, 1981,
Moon over Tobermory, 1981. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, purchased 1982 (26972). © Mary Handford.
Moon over Water, 1977,
Moon over Water, 1977. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, anonymous gift, 1994 (94/942). © Mary Handford.
Northern Lights, 1973,
Northern Lights, 1973. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, purchase, Margaret P. Nesbitt Endowment, 1973 (73/34). © Mary Handford.
Ocean Currents, 1977,

Ocean Currents, 1977. Collection of BMO Financial Group. © Mary Handford. Photo credit: Jennifer Rowsom.

 La Pointe Sensible, 1957,
La Pointe Sensible, 1957. Canadian Art Group, Toronto. © Mary Handford.
Portrait of Poet (Rémi-Paul Forgues), 1950,
Portrait of Poet (Rémi-Paul Forgues), 1950. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, gift of Ben and Yael Dunkelman, Toronto, 1995 (95/246). © Mary Handford.
Portrait of Vincent, 1974,
Portrait of Vincent, 1974. Vancouver Art Gallery (75.14). © Mary Handford.
Precipitation, 1973,
Precipitation, 1973. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, gift of Alison and Alan Schwartz in loving memory of Tamara Goldman, 1995 (95/382). © Mary Handford.
Quebec Landscape, c. 1950,
Percé Rock, Gaspé, c. 1953. Private collection. Courtesy of Heffel Fine Art Auction House. © Mary Handford.
Quantum Theory, 1996,
Quantum Theory, 1996. Private collection. Courtesy of Olga Korper Gallery. © Mary Handford.
Rain Hit by Wind #1, 1971,
Rain Hit by Wind #1, 1971. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, gift of Alison and Alan Schwartz, 1997 (97/1583). © Mary Handford.
Rain over Water, 1974,

Rain over Water, 1974. Museum London, purchased with matching acquisition funds and a Wintario Grant, 1980 (80.A.233). © Mary Handford.

Rocks Moving in the Current of a Stream, 1971,

Rocks Moving in the Current of a Stream, 1971. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, purchase, 1983 (83/27). © Mary Handford.

Satan’s Pit, 1991,

Satan’s Pit, 1991. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, anonymous gift, 1994 (94/592). © Mary Handford.

Ship Wreck, 1987,
Ship Wreck, 1987. Museum London, purchased with the support of the Volunteer Committee and the Government of Ontario through the Ministry of Culture and Communications, 1988 (88.A.01). © Mary Handford.
Solar Eclipse, 1971,

Solar Eclipse, 1971. Vancouver Art Gallery (88.12.2). © Mary Handford.

Star Traces around Polaris, 1973,
Star Traces around Polaris, 1973. Musée d’art contemporain de Montréal, (A 87 10 P 1). © Mary Handford. Photo credit: Richard-Max Tremblay.
Sun Dogs #4, 1989,
Sun Dogs #4, 1989. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, anonymous gift, 1994 (94/948). © Mary Handford.
Sunset over the Mediterranean, 1980,
Sunset over the Mediterranean, 1980. Museum London, gift of the Blackburn Group Inc., London, Ontario, 1997 (97.A.76). © Mary Handford.
Thunderchain, 1971,

Thunderchain, 1971. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, anonymous gift, 1994 (94/935). © Mary Handford.

Thunder Cloud as Generator #1, 1971,

Thunder Cloud as Generator #1, 1971. Museum London, Art fund, 1972 (72.A.124). © Mary Handford.

 

 Thunder Cloud as Generator #2, 1971,
Thunder Cloud as Generator #2, 1971. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, anonymous gift, 1994 (94/936). © Mary Handford.
Traces through Space, 1970
Traces through Space, 1970. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, anonymous gift, 1994 (94/933). © Mary Handford.
Typhoon, 1979,
Typhoon, 1979. McIntosh Gallery Collection, Western University, purchase, McIntosh Fund with assistance from Wintario, 1980 (1980.0002). © Mary Handford.
Untitled, 1954,
Untitled, 1954. Collection of the Estates of Dr. Blema and Mr. H. Arnold Steinberg. © Mary Handford.
Untitled, 1960,
Untitled, 1960. McIntosh Gallery Collection, Western University, gift of Norman Elias, London, Ontario, 1984 (1984.0006). © Mary Handford.
Untitled, 1962,

Untitled, 1962. Musée d’art contemporain de Montréal (A 71 75 PA 1). © Mary Handford.

Untitled, 1967,
Untitled, 1967. Museum London, gift of Phyllis and Alan Cohen, London, Ontario, 1999 (99.A.39). © Mary Handford.
Untitled, 1967,
Untitled, 1967. Museum London, anonymous gift, in memory of Rose Stollar, 2006 (006.A.132). © Mary Handford.
White Abstraction No. 1, c. 1963,
White Abstraction No. 1, c. 1963. Private collection. Courtesy of Heffel Fine Art Auction House. © Mary Handford.

 

Credits for Photographs and Works by Other Artists

 

Adoration of the Magi, 1304–06, Giotto

Adoration of the Magi, 1304–06, by Giotto di Bondone. Scrovegni Chapel, Padua.

The Angel Standing in the Sun, c. 1846, by J.M.W. Turner
The Angel Standing in the Sun, c. 1846, by J.M.W. Turner. Tate Museum, London, U.K., accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest, 1856 (N00550).
Artists Bryan Maycock, Steve Parzybok, and Robert Bozak help install Drop of Water on a Hot Surface, 1970
Artists Bryan Maycock, Steve Parzybok, and Robert Bozak help install Drop of Water on a Hot Surface, 1970, for the Pie in the Sky exhibition, 1970, photographer unknown. Courtesy of Bryan Maycock.
The Black Star, 1957, by Paul-Émile Borduas
The Black Star, 1957, by Paul-Émile Borduas. Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, gift of M. and Mme Gerard Lortie (1960.1238). Photo credit: Denis Farley.
Cover of Paterson Ewen, 1996
Cover of Paterson Ewen, the book accompanying the 1996 exhibition at the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto. Courtesy of the Art Gallery of Ontario.
Cover of the catalogue from the 1982 Venice Biennale
Cover of the catalogue from the 1982 Venice Biennale. Courtesy of the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa.
Cover of the catalogue for Nine Canadian Artists, 1978
Cover of the catalogue for Nine Canadian Artists / Kanadische Künstler, 1978, Kunsthalle, Basel.
 Eighteen members of the Non-Figurative Artists’ Association of Montréal (NFAAM), 1957
Eighteen members of the Non-Figurative Artists’ Association of Montréal (NFAAM), 1957, photograph by Louis T. Jaques. Courtesy of Sotheby’s.
Figure 2, 1949, by Fernand Leduc
Figure 2, 1949, by Fernand Leduc. Musée d’art contemporain de Montréal, anonymous gift (D 75 36 P 1). Photo credit: Richard-Max Tremblay.
The First Step, c. 1909–13, by František Kupka
The First Step, c. 1909–13, by František Kupka. Museum of Modern Art, New York, purchased from the artist with the Hillman Periodicals Fund, 1956 (562.1956).
Guido Molinari, Paterson Ewen, and Mary Handford
Guido Molinari, Paterson Ewen, and Mary Handford, n.d. Photographer unknown. Courtesy of Mary Handford
Impression—Sunrise, 1872, by Claude Monet
Impression—Sunrise, 1872, by Claude Monet. Musée Marmottan Monet, Paris.
 
Mariko, c. 1840, by Utagawa Hiroshige
Mariko, c. 1840, by Utagawa Hiroshige. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Francis Lathrop Collection, purchase, Frederick C. Hewitt Fund, 1911 (JP771).
Moonlight Marine, c. 1870–90, by Albert Pinkham Ryder
Moonlight Marine, c. 1870–90, by Albert Pinkham Ryder. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York,  Samuel D. Lee Fund, 1934 (34.55).
 Paterson Ewen, 1948

Paterson Ewen, 1948, photographer unknown. Courtesy of the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto.

Paterson Ewen, 1962, Tess Boudreau

Paterson Ewen, 1962, photograph by Tess Boudreau. Courtesy of the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto. © The Estate of Tess Boudreau.

 

Paterson Ewen, 1996, Ken Faught
Paterson Ewen, 1996, photograph by Ken Faught. Toronto Star Photograph Archive. Courtesy of Toronto Public Library.
Paterson Ewen in his army uniform, c. 1944
Paterson Ewen in his army uniform, c. 1944. Photographer unknown. Courtesy of Mary Handford.
Paterson Ewen in Montreal, c. 1932

Paterson Ewen in Montreal, c. 1932, photographer unknown. Courtesy of the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto.

Paterson Ewen photographed with Gibbous Moon, 1980, Doug Griffin
Paterson Ewen photographed with Gibbous Moon, 1980, photograph by Doug Griffin. Toronto Star Photograph Archive. Courtesy of Toronto Public Library.
Paterson Ewen routing in his studio at the University of Western Ontario, 1979
Paterson Ewen routing in his studio at the University of Western Ontario, 1979, photograph by Mary Handford. Courtesy of Mary Handford.
Paterson Ewen and Françoise Sullivan in New York, 1957
Paterson Ewen and Françoise Sullivan in New York, 1957, photographer unknown. Dance Collection Danse Archive, Toronto.
Paterson Ewen and Mary Handford in his studio, 1992
Paterson Ewen and Mary Handford in his studio, 1992, photograph by Don Vincent. Don Vincent Photo Archive, McIntosh Gallery, Western University, London, Ontario.
Views in Naikai
Paterson Ewen’s copy of Views in Naikai, cover. Courtesy of Mary Handford.
Views in Naikai
Paterson Ewen’s copy of Views in Naikai, interior page. Courtesy of Mary Handford.
Paterson Ewen with his sons, c. 1963
Paterson Ewen with his sons, c. mid-1960s, photograph by Françoise Sullivan. Courtesy of Mary Handford.
Paterson Ewen working on Cumulous Cloud as Generator, 1971

Paterson Ewen working on Cumulous Cloud as Generator, 1971, photographer unknown. Courtesy of the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto.

“The Phases of the Moon,” from Amédée Guillemin’s The Heavens
“The Phases of the Moon,” from Amédée Guillemin’s The Heavens: An Illustrated Handbook of Popular Astronomy, 1871.
Possibilities at Sea, 1932, by Paul Klee
Possibilities at Sea, 1932, by Paul Klee. Norton Simon Museum, Pasadena, the Blue Four Galka Scheyer Collection (P.1953.067).
Rain, 1889, by Vincent van Gogh
Rain, 1889, by Vincent van Gogh. Philadelphia Museum of Art, the Henry P. McIlhenny Collection in memory of Frances P. McIlhenny, 1986 (1986-26-36).
Rainstorm over the Sea, c. 1824–28, by John Constable
Rainstorm over the Sea, c. 1824–28, by John Constable. Royal Academy of Arts, London, U.K., given by Isabel Constable, 1888 (03/1390).
 Simultaneous Counter-Composition, 1929–30, by Theo van Doesburg
Simultaneous Counter-Composition, 1929–30, by Theo van Doesburg. Museum of Modern Art, New York, the Sidney and Harriet Janis Collection (588.1967).
The Starry Night, 1889, by Vincent van Gogh
The Starry Night, 1889, by Vincent van Gogh. Museum of Modern Art, New York, acquired through the Lillie P. Bliss Bequest (472.1941).
Terrestrial Fugue IV, 2016, by Yechel Gagnon
Terrestrial Fugue IV, 2016, by Yechel Gagnon. Newzones Gallery of Contemporary Art, Calgary. Courtesy of Yechel Gagnon. © Yechel Gagnon.
Trees, Port-au-Persil,, 1951, by Goodridge Roberts
Trees, Port-au-Persil,, 1951, by Goodridge Roberts. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa (5893). © The copyright holder of Goodridge Roberts.
Under the Wave off Kanagawa, c. 1830-32, Katsushika Hokusai
Under the Wave off Kanagawa (Kanagawa oki nami ura), also known as The Great Wave, from the series Thirty-Six Views of Mount Fuji (Fugaku sanjūrokkei), c. 1830–32, by Katsushika Hokusai. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, H.O. Havemeyer Collection, bequest of Mrs. H.O. Havemeyer, 1929 (JP1847).
White on White, 1918, by Kazimir Malevich
White on White, 1918, by Kazimir Malevich. Museum of Modern Art, New York, 1935. Acquisition confirmed in 1999 by agreement with the Estate of Kazimir Malevich and made possible with funds from the Mrs. John Hay Whitney Bequest (by exchange) (817.1935).
Winter Moonlit Night, 1919, by Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
Winter Moonlit Night, 1919, by Ernst Ludwig Kirchner. Museum of Modern Art, New York, purchase (495.1949).

 

Book Credits

 

Publisher

Sara Angel

 

Executive Editor

Kendra Ward

 

Web & Layout Director

Simone Wharton

 

Editor

Lucy Kenward

 

Copy Editor

Alicia Peres

 

Proofreader

Angela Wingfield

 

Translator

Christine Poulin

 

French Copy Editor and Proofreader

Annie Champagne

 

Image Research Associate

Eva Lu

 

Digital Image Specialist

Rachel Topham

 

Layout Designer

Steven Boyle

 

French Layout Associate

Alicia Peres

 

Template

Studio Blackwell

 


 

Copyright

© 2018 Art Canada Institute. All rights reserved.

ISBN 978-1-4871-0159-6

 

Art Canada Institute

Massey College, University of Toronto

4 Devonshire Place

Toronto, ON M5S 2E1

 

Library and Archives Canada Cataloguing in Publication.

 

Hatch, John George, 1960-, author 
          Paterson Ewen : life & work / John G. Hatch.


Includes bibliographical references. 

Contents: Biography — Key works — Significance & critical issues — Style &
technique — Sources & resources — Where to see.

Issued in print and electronic formats. 
ISBN 978-1-4871-0160-2 (hardcover).—ISBN 978-1-4871-0159-6 (MOBILE).—
ISBN 978-1-4871-0158-9 (PDF). —ISBN 978-1-4871-0157-2 (HTML)


          1. Ewen, Paterson, 1925-2002.  2. Ewen, Paterson, 1925-2002—Criticism 
and interpretation.  I. Art Canada Institute, issuing body  II. Title.


ND249.E93H38 2018                              759.11                          C2018-901858-5 

 

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