Copyright & Credits

 

 

Acknowledgements

From the Author

To my dear wife Pnina, who painted a bestiary of her own; to my colleagues, Nancy Senior and Réal Ouellet; to Sarah Brohman and Rosemary Shipton; to Sara Angel and Kendra Ward; to Christine Poulin.

 

From the Art Canada Institute
Much gratitude goes to the Founding Sponsor for the Canadian Online Art Book Project: BMO Financial Group.

 

The Art Canada Institute gratefully acknowledges the other sponsors for the 2016–17 Season: Aimia, Kiki and Ian Delaney, Esker Foundation, The McLean Foundation, Rosamond Ivey, The Richard and Beryl Ivey Fund within the London Community Foundation, Karen Schreiber and Marnie Schreiber, and TD Bank.

 

Thanks also to the Art Canada Institute Founding Patrons: Jalynn H. Bennett, the Butterfield Family Foundation, David and Vivian Campbell, Albert E. Cummings, Kiki and Ian Delaney, Jon and Lyne Dellandrea, the Fleck Family, Roger and Kevin Garland, the Gershon Iskowitz Foundation, The Scott Griffin Foundation, Michelle Koerner and Kevin Doyle, Jane Huh, Phil Lind, Sarah and Tom Milroy, Nancy McCain and Bill Morneau, Gerald Sheff and Shanitha Kachan, Sandra L. Simpson, Pam and Mike Stein, Nalini and Tim Stewart, Robin and David Young, Sara and Michael Angel; as well as its Founding Partner Patrons: the Pierre Elliott Trudeau Foundation and Partners in Art. 

 

The ACI gratefully acknowledges the support and assistance of the Gilcrease Museum (Diana Cox), Canadian Museum of History (Dominique Dufour, Vincent Lafond), Library and Archives Canada, The McCord Museum, Musée de la Civilisation (Ariane Fréchette), Musée régional de Vaudreuil-Soulanges (Sébastien Daviau), Le Monastère des Augustines (Ariane Blanchet-Robitaille), Musée des Ursulines de Québec (Véronique Dumont), National Library of Medicine, Priests of Saint-Sulpice of Montreal (Pascale Bergeron), Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré Shrine (François-Marie Héraud), Sarah Campbell Blaffer Foundation (Julie Timte). Special thanks also go to the anonymous peer reviewer and to Carmen Robertson for their reading.

 



Image Sources

Every effort has been made to secure permissions for all copyrighted material. The Art Canada Institute will gladly correct any errors or omissions.

 


 

Credit for Cover Image

 

Art Canada Institute, Louis Nicolas, Birds, Codex Canadensis, page 41, n.d.
Louis Nicolas, Birds, Codex Canadensis, page 41, n.d., Gilcrease Museum, Tulsa, Oklahoma.

 

Credits for Banner Images

 

Art Canada Institute, Louis Nicolas, Cover of the <em>Codex Canadensis
Biography: Cover of the Codex Canadensis, n.d., Gilcrease Museum, Tulsa, Oklahoma.
Art Canada Institute, Louis Nicolas, Jacques Cartier’s Ship, Codex Canadensis
Key Works: Louis Nicolas, Jacques Cartier’s Ship, Codex Canadensis, page 67, n.d., Gilcrease Museum, Tulsa, Oklahoma.
Art Canada Institute, Louis Nicolas, Amphibians, Codex Canadensi
Significance and Critical Issues: Louis Nicolas, Amphibians, Codex Canadensis, page 37, n.d., Gilcrease Museum, Tulsa, Oklahoma.
Art Canada Institute, Louis Nicolas, Escutcheon of France. . . (Eccusson de France. . .), Codex Canadensis
Style & Technique: Louis Nicolas, Escutcheon of France . . . (Eccusson de France . . .), Codex Canadensis, page 3, n.d., Gilcrease Museum, Tulsa, Oklahoma.
Art Canada Institute, Louis Nicolas, Branch of the White Cedar of Canada (Branche du cedre blanc du canada), Codex Canadensis
Sources & Resources: Louis Nicolas, Branch of the White Cedar of Canada (Branche du cedre blanc du canada), Codex Canadensis, page 26, n.d., Gilcrease Museum, Tulsa, Oklahoma.
Art Canada Institute, Louis Nicolas, Unicorn of the Red Sea (Licorne de La mer rouge), Codex Canadensis
Where to See: Louis Nicolas, Unicorn of the Red Sea (Licorne de La mer rouge), Codex Canadensis, page 27, n.d., Gilcrease Museum, Tulsa, Oklahoma.

 

Credit for Works by Louis Nicolas

 

Art Canada Institute, Louis Nicolas, Codex Canadensis
Louis Nicolas, Codex Canadensis, n.d., Collection of the Gilcrease Museum, Tulsa, Oklahoma.

 

Credits for Photographs and Works by Other Artists

 

Art Canada Institute, Louis Nicolas, The Assumption (L'Assomption) by Claude François (Frère Luc), 1671
The Assumption (L’Assomption), 1671, by Claude François (Frère Luc). Collection of the Monastère des Augustines, chapelle de l’Hôpital Général, Quebec City.
Art Canada Institute, Louis Nicolas, Birds found in The History of Animals (Historiae Animalium), by Conrad Gessner
Birds found in The History of Animals (Historiae Animalium), volume 3 (1555), by Conrad Gessner. Reproduced in the book Curious Woodcuts of Fanciful and Real Beasts (1971), edited by Edmund V. Gillon Jr. Courtesy of Dover Publications.
Art Canada Institute, Louis Nicolas, “The death of the righteous man and the death of the sinner” or la bonne et la mauvaise mort
“The death of the righteous man and the death of the sinner” or la bonne et la mauvaise mort, an illustration from a pictorial catechism. © French School, Bridgeman Images. Image No. 414636.
Art Canada Institute, Louis Nicolas, Drawing of a passiflora by Eugenio Petrelli
Drawing of a passiflora by Eugenio Petrelli, which served as a frontispiece in a book published in 1610 by the Jesuit Antonio Possevino. Public domain.
Art Canada Institute, Louis Nicolas, The Crown (La Couronne)
The Crown (La Couronne). Hydrography Containing the Theory and Practice of All Parts of Navigation (Hydrographie contenant la théorie et la pratique de toutes les parties de la navigation), 1643, by Georges Fournier. Photographed in Histoire de la Marine française illustrée, Larousse, 1934. Courtesy of Wikicommons.
Art Canada Institute, Louis Nicolas, Depiction of the metamorphosis of a frog in Bernard Germain
Depiction of the metamorphosis of a frog in Bernard Germain, Comte de Lacépède, disciple of Georges-Louis Leclerc Buffon, General and Special History of Oviparous Quadrupeds and Snakes (Histoire générale et particulière des quadrupèdes ovipares et des serpents) (1788–89), plate 31. Courtesy of Wikicommons.
Art Canada Institute, Louis Nicolas, A depiction of the otter in Pierre Belon du Mans’s The Natural History of Fishes (La Nature et diversité des poissons)
A depiction of the otter in Pierre Belon du Mans’s The Natural History of Fishes (La Nature et diversité des poissons) (1555), 27. Public domain.
Art Canada Institute, Louis Nicolas, An engraving found in François Du Creux
An engraving found in François Du Creux, The History of Canada, or of New France (Historiae Canadensis seu Novae Franciae Libri Decem) (1664), 76. Public domain. All images from this publication courtesy of Toronto Fischer Rare Book Library. Call number (2): Regis 00576 / D-10 00092.
Art Canada Institute, Louis Nicolas, Ex-voto of the Sick Child (Ex-voto de l’enfant malade), 1697, by Anonymous
Ex-voto of the Sick Child (Ex-voto de l’enfant malade), 1697, by Anonymous. (X973.1158). © Musée régional de Vaudreuil-Soulanges, Quebec City. Photo credit: Bernard Bourbonnais.
Art Canada Institute, Louis Nicolas, Ex-voto of the Three Shipwrecked at Lévis (Ex-voto des trois naufragés à Lévis), 1754, by Anonymous
Ex-voto of the Three Shipwrecked at Lévis (Ex-voto des trois naufragés à Lévis), 1754, by Anonymous. Collection of the Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré Shrine, Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, Quebec City.
Art Canada Institute, Louis Nicolas, France Bringing Faith to the Hurons of New France (La France apportant la foi aux Hurons de la Nouvelle-France), c. 1670, by Anonymous
France Bringing Faith to the Hurons of New France (La France apportant la foi aux Hurons de la Nouvelle-France), c. 1670, by Anonymous. Musée des Ursulines de Quebec. Collection du Monastère des Ursulines de Québec, Quebec City. Photo credit: Michel Elie.
Art Canada Institute, Louis Nicolas, François-Marc Gagnon viewing the Codex Canadensis at the Gilcrease Museum
François-Marc Gagnon viewing the Codex Canadensis at the Gilcrease Museum, Tulsa, Oklahoma. Photo courtesy of the author.
Art Canada Institute, Louis Nicolas, Illustrations of sea monsters in Gaspar Schott’s Physical Curiosities (Physica Curiosa)
Illustrations of sea monsters in Gaspar Schott’s Physical Curiosities (Physica Curiosa) (1697), 401. Courtesy of Wikicommons.
Art Canada Institute, Louis Nicolas, Interior pages from Louis Nicolas, Algonquin Grammar (Grammaire algonquine)
Interior pages from Louis Nicolas, Algonquin Grammar (Grammaire algonquine) (1674). Courtesy of gallica.bnf.fr/ Bibliothèque nationale de France.
Art Canada Institute, Louis Nicolas, Interior of volume 1 of The History of Animals (Historiae Animalium), by Conrad Gessner
Interior of volume 1 of The History of Animals (Historiae Animalium), by Conrad Gessner. Tigvri: Apvd Christ. Froschovervm (1551–1587). All images from this publication courtesy of the National Library of Medicine.
Art Canada Institute, Louis Nicolas, Interior of History of Canada, or of New France (Historiae Canadensis seu Novae Franciae Libri Decem)
Interior of History of Canada, or of New France (Historiae Canadensis seu Novae Franciae Libri Decem) (1664), by François Du Creux. (M11712). Gift of Mr. Ward C. Pitfield. © McCord Museum, Montreal.
Art Canada Institute, Louis Nicolas, The Jesuit College at Tournon-sur-Rhône
The Jesuit College at Tournon-sur-Rhône. Imprimeries Réunies de Nancy, Collection of J. Malet. Photo credit: Emma Frank.
Art Canada Institute, Louis Nicolas, Louis the XIV, 1701, by Hyacinthe Rigaud
Louis the XIV, 1701, by Hyacinthe Rigaud. Louvre Museum, Paris (INV. 7492).
Art Canada Institute, Louis Nicolas, Map of New France and First Nations territories showing the range of Louis Nicolas’s missions
Map of New France and First Nations territories showing the range of Louis Nicolas’s missions. © Eric Leinberger.
Art Canada Institute, Louis Nicolas, Philip V, King of Spain (Philippe V, roi d’Espagne), 1701, by Hyacinthe Rigaud
Philip V, King of Spain (Philippe V, roi d’Espagne), 1701, by Hyacinthe Rigaud. Palace of Versailles, France (MV 8493).
Art Canada Institute, Louis Nicolas, Portrait of Bishop François de Montmorency-Laval, First Bishop of Quebec (Portrait de Monseigneur François de Montmorency-Laval, premier évêque de Québec), c. 1672
Portrait of Bishop François de Montmorency-Laval, First Bishop of Quebec (Portrait de Monseigneur François de Montmorency-Laval, premier évêque de Québec), c. 1672. Attributed to Claude François (Frère Luc). Collection of the Séminaire de Québec (1995.3480), Musée de la Civilisation, Quebec City. Photo credit: Pierre Soulard.
Art Canada Institute, Louis Nicolas, Portrait of Cardinal de Tournon (Portrait du cardinal de Tournon), c. sixteenth century by Giovanni Capassini
Portrait of Cardinal de Tournon (Portrait du cardinal de Tournon), c. sixteenth century by Giovanni Capassini. Private collection, Avignon. Courtesy of Wikicommons.
Art Canada Institute, Louis Nicolas, Portrait of Jean Talon (Portrait de Jean Talon), 1671, by Claude François (Frère Luc)
Portrait of Jean Talon (Portrait de Jean Talon), 1671, by Claude François (Frère Luc). Collection of the Monastère des Augustines, Hôtel-Dieu de Québec, Quebec City.
Art Canada Institute, Louis Nicolas, Portrait of Kateri Tekakwitha, n.d., by Anonymous
Portrait of Kateri Tekakwitha, n.d., by Anonymous. Collection of Saint-François-Xavier Mission, Kahnawake Mohawk Territory, Quebec. Courtesy of Wikicommons.
Art Canada Institute, Louis Nicolas, Purgatory (Le Purgatoire), n.d., by Anonymous
Purgatory (Le Purgatoire), n.d., by Anonymous. Collection of the Priests of Saint-Sulpice of Montreal (2002.0274). Photo credits: Univers Culturel de Saint-Sulpice/Pascale Bergeron.
Art Canada Institute, Louis Nicolas, Quebec, View from the East (Québec, vue de l’est), 1699, by Charles Bécart de Granville et de Fonville
Quebec, View from the East (Québec, vue de l’est), 1699, by Charles Bécart de Granville et de Fonville. Library and Archives Canada (H2/900/1699). NMC 24538, section 2.
Art Canada Institute, Louis Nicolas, A rendition of the Jesuit missionaries
A rendition of the Jesuit missionaries Matteo Ricci, Johann Adam Schall von Bell, and Ferdinand Verbiest from Jean Baptiste du Halde’s book Geographical, Historical, Chronological, Political, and Physical Description of the Empire of China and Chinese Tartary (Description géographique, historique, chronologique, politique, et physique de l’empire de la Chine et de la Tartarie Chinoise) (1735). Photo courtesy of the Department of Special Collections, Memorial Library, University of Wisconsin–Madison.
Art Canada Institute, Louis Nicolas, Saint Paul Writing His Epistles (Saint Paul écrit ses épîtres), c. 1616–20, by Valentin de Boulogne
Saint Paul Writing His Epistles (Saint Paul écrit ses épîtres), c. 1616–20, by Valentin de Boulogne. Collection of the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston (BF.1991.4). Courtesy of the Sarah Campbell Blaffer Foundation, Houston.
Art Canada Institute, Louis Nicolas, Title page from Paul Le Jeune, Relation of What Happened in New France in 1637 (Relation de ce qui s’est passé en la Nouvelle France en l’année 1637)
Title page from Paul Le Jeune, Relation of What Happened in New France in 1637 (Relation de ce qui s’est passé en la Nouvelle France en l’année 1637), in the Jesuit Relations. Public domain. Courtesy of Toronto Public Library.
Art Canada Institute, Louis Nicolas, Wild ginger (Asarum canadense) in Jacques Philippe Cornut’s History of Canadian Plants (Canadensium plantarum historia)
Wild ginger (Asarum canadense) in Jacques Philippe Cornut’s History of Canadian Plants (Canadensium plantarum historia) (1635), 25. Public domain. Courtesy of Toronto Fischer Rare Book Library.

 

Book Credits

 

Publisher

Sara Angel


Executive Editor

Kendra Ward


Web & Layout Director

Simone Wharton


Editors

Rosemary Shipton and Sarah Brohman


Copy Editor

Amanda Lewis


Proofreader

Alicia Peres


Translator

François-Marc Gagnon


French Copy Editor

Christine Poulin


French Proofreader

Annie Champagne


Image Research Associate

Emma Frank


Digital Image Specialist

Rachel Topham


Layout Designer

Steven Boyle


English and French Layout Associate

Emily Derr

 

Design Template
Studio Blackwell

 



Copyright

© 2017 Art Canada Institute. All rights reserved.
ISBN 978-1-4871-0134-3

Art Canada Institute
Massey College, University of Toronto
4 Devonshire Place
Toronto, ON M5S 2E1

 

Library and Archives Canada Cataloguing in Publication
 

Gagnon, François-Marc, 1935-
[Louis Nicolas.  English] 
          Louis Nicolas: life & work / François-Marc Gagnon.

Louis Nicolas. 
Includes bibliographical references.
Contents: Biography — Key works — Significance & critical issues — Style &
technique — Sources & resources — Where to see.

Electronic monograph in HTML, PDF and mobile formats.
ISBN 978-1-4871-0134-3 (HTML). —ISBN 978-1-4871-0135-0 (PDF).
—ISBN 978-1-4871-0136-7 (mobile)

1. Nicolas, Louis, active 1667-1675.  2. Natural history illustrators—Canada—
Biography.  3. Natural history illustration—Canada—History—17th century.  
I. Nicolas, Louis, active 1667-1675.  Drawings.  Selections. II. Art Canada 
Institute, issuing body  III. Title.  IV. Title: Louis Nicolas. English.


QH46.5.G3413 2017                      508.71092                    C2016-907904-X

Download Download