This selection of sketches, studies, and oil paintings reveals the trajectory of Paul Kane’s career from painter of society portraits to painter of the Aboriginal peoples of Canada, their lands, and customs. The works have been chosen to highlight his technical, aesthetic, and conceptual approaches, including his use of the camera lucida in the field. Many of these works showcase Kane’s intentions as well as issues of modern interpretation.


  • Freeman Schermerhorn Clench

    Freeman Schermerhorn Clench c. 1834–36

  • Portrait of John Henry Lefroy

    Portrait of John Henry Lefroy c. 1845–46

  • Kee-akee-ka-saa-ka-wow

    Kee-akee-ka-saa-ka-wow 1846

  • The Buffalo Pound

    The Buffalo Pound c. 1846–49

  • Medicine Pipe Stem Dance

    Medicine Pipe Stem Dance 1848

  • Flat Head Woman and Child

    Flat Head Woman and Child c. 1849–52

  • The Cackabakah Falls

    The Cackabakah Falls c. 1849–56

  • Fort Edmonton

    Fort Edmonton c. 1849–56

  • Cunnawa-bum

    Cunnawa-bum c. 1849–56

  • The Constant Sky

    The Constant Sky c. 1849–56

  • The Death of Omoxesisixany

    The Death of Omoxesisixany 1860

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