Copyright & Credits

 

 

Acknowledgements

From the Author

Many thanks to Sara Angel, the visionary and force behind the Art Canada Institute. It has been a privilege and a pleasure to work closely with Meg Taylor, John Geoghegan, Ruth Gaskill, and the whole ACI team. I am also deeply appreciative of Anna Hudson for bringing me into this innovative series, and to the Mobilizing Inuit Cultural Heritage project at York University for supporting my writing retreat in Cape Dorset. Special thanks to the extended Ashoona family, in particular to elders Kiugak Ashoona and Mayureak Ashoona for sharing their stories and knowledge in our interviews; to Innuqqu Ashoona, Leevee Ashoona, Ashoona Ashoona, and Mary Bergin Ashoona for their interpretation; to Mary Ashoona Curley and Koomuatuk Curley for creating the immense Ashoona family tree; and to Shuvinai Ashoona for all her encouragement.

 

I am deeply indebted to Dorothy Harley Eber for her pioneering work with Pitseolak Ashoona. Across a spectrum, Jimmy Manning, Norman Hallendy, William Kemp, Marie Routledge, and, last but not least, William Ritchie and the Kinngait Studios were extremely helpful. I am grateful to Linda Grussani and Daniel Shrestha for their essential assistance in my research at the Aboriginal Art Centre at the Department of Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development. My heartfelt thanks to my colleagues Greg Hill and Rachelle Dickenson, my sounding boards Mathew Nuqingaq and Bill Nasogaluak, and to Christophe Vischi and my own family, for their unwavering support.

 

From the Art Canada Institute

This online art book was made possible thanks to BMO Financial Group, Lead Sponsor for the Canadian Online Art Book Project; and TD Bank Group and The Hal Jackman Foundation, Title Sponsors for Pitseolak Ashoona: Life & Work. The Art Canada Institute gratefully acknowledges the other sponsors for the 2014–15 Season: Aimia; The Audain Foundation; Gluskin Sheff + Associates Inc.; Phyllis Lambert; the Toronto Friends of the Visual Arts; and the Harold Town Estate.
 

Thanks also to the Art Canada Institute Founding Patrons: Sara and Michael Angel, Jalynn H. Bennett, The Butterfield Family Foundation, David and Vivian Campbell, Albert E. Cummings, Kiki and Ian Delaney, The Fleck Family, Roger and Kevin Garland, The Gershon Iskowitz Foundation, Michelle Koerner and Kevin Doyle, Phil Lind, Sarah and Tom Milroy, Charles Pachter, Gerald Sheff and Shanitha Kachan, Sandra L. Simpson, Pam and Mike Stein, and Robin and David Young; as well as its Founding Partner Patrons: The Pierre Elliott Trudeau Foundation and Partners in Art.
 

The ACI gratefully acknowledges the support and assistance of the the Aboriginal Art Centre (Danielle Shrestha), the Agnes Etherington Art Centre (Alicia Boutilier and Jennifer Nicoll), the Art Gallery of Ontario (Jim Shedden and Ebony Jansen), Dorset Fine Arts, Feheley Fine Arts, the McMichael Canadian Art Collection (Janine Butler and Elyse Portal), the National Gallery of Canada (Kristin Rothschild and Raven Amiro), the Peary-MacMillan Arctic Museum and Arctic Studies Center (Genevieve LeMoine), Walker’s Auctions, and the Winnipeg Art Gallery (Nicole Fletcher). 

 


 

Image Sources

Every effort has been made to secure permissions for all copyrighted material. The Art Canada Institute will gladly correct any errors or omissions.

 


 

Credit for Cover Image

 

Art Canada Institute, Pitseolak Ashoona, drawing for print Summer Camp Scene, c. 1966–76
Pitseolak Ashoona, Drawing for print Summer Camp Scene, c. 1966–76. (See below for details.)

 

Credits for Banner Images

 

Art Canada Institute, Pitseolak in Cape Dorset, 1968
Biography: Pitseolak in Cape Dorset, 1968, photograph by Norman Hallendy. (See below for details.)
Art Canada Institute, Pitseolak Ashoona, The Critic, c. 1963
Key Works: Pitseolak Ashoona, The Critic, c. 1963. (See below for details.)
Art Canada Institute, Pitseolak Ashoona, Untitled (Solitary Figure on the Landscape), c. 1980
Significance & Critical Issues: Pitseolak Ashoona, Untitled (Solitary Figure on the Landscape), c. 1980. (See below for details.)
Art Canada Institute, Pitseolak Ashoona, Summer Camp Scene, c. 1974
Style & Technique: Pitseolak Ashoona, Summer Camp Scene, c. 1974. (See below for details.)
Art Canada Institute, Contact sheet of installation views of the exhibition Pitseolak at Simon Fraser Gallery, Vancouver, 1976
Sources & Resources: Contact sheet of installation views of the exhibition Pitseolak at Simon Fraser Gallery, Vancouver, 1976. Collection of Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada, Gatineau.
Art Canada Institute, Installation view of the exhibition Pitseolak at Simon Fraser Gallery, Vancouver, 1976

Where to See: Installation view of the exhibition Pitseolak at Simon Fraser Gallery, Vancouver, 1976. (See below for details.)

 


 

Credits for Works by Pitseolak Ashoona

 

Art Canada Institute, Camp at Igalalik, 1973
Camp at Igalalik, 1973. Canadian Museum of History, Gatineau. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, The Critic, c. 1963
The Critic, c. 1963. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, drawing for print Eskimos on Sealskin Boat, c. 1966–72
Drawing for print Eskimos on Sealskin Boat, c. 1966–72. Collection of the West Baffin Eskimo Co-operative Ltd., on loan to the McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario, CD.27.2528. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, drawing for print Innukshuk Builders, c. 1966–68
Drawing for print Innukshuk Builders, c. 1966–68. Collection of the West Baffin Eskimo Co-operative Ltd., on loan to the McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario, CD.27.1428. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, drawing for print Journey to Toodja, c. 1973
Drawing for print Journey to Toodja, c. 1973. Collection of the West Baffin Eskimo Co-operative Ltd., on loan to the McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario, CD.27.3577. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, drawing for print Memories of Childbirth, 1976
Drawing for print Memories of Childbirth, 1976. Collection of the West Baffin Eskimo Co-operative Ltd., on loan to the McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario, CD.27.1184. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, drawing for print The River at Netsilik, c. 1966–76
Drawing for print The River at Netsilik, c. 1966–76. Collection of the West Baffin Eskimo Co-operative Ltd., on loan to the McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario, CD.27.4031. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, drawing for print Summer Camp Scene, c. 1966–76
Drawing for print Summer Camp Scene, c. 1966–76. Collection of the West Baffin Eskimo Co-operative Ltd., on loan to the McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario, CD.27.1736. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Dream of Motherhood, 1969
Dream of Motherhood, 1969. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, The Eyes of a Happy Woman, c. 1974
The Eyes of a Happy Woman, c. 1974. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Fantastic Animals, c. 1970
Fantastic Animals, c. 1970. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Gift of Samuel and Esther Sarick, Toronto, 2002, 2002/10668. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Festive Bird, 1970
Festive Bird, 1970. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, First Bird of Spring, 1975
First Bird of Spring, 1975. Canadian Museum of History, Gatineau. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, In summer there were always big mosquitoes, 1970
In summer there were always big mosquitoes, 1970. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Gift of Samuel and Esther Sarick, Toronto, 2002, 2002/10664. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Innukshuk Builders, 1967
Innukshuk Builders, 1967. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Joyful Owl, 1961
Joyful Owl, 1961. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Legend of the Woman Who Turned into a Narwhal, c. 1974
Legend of the Woman Who Turned into a Narwhal, c. 1974. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Memories of Childbirth, 1976
Memories of Childbirth, 1976. Collection of the West Baffin Eskimo Co-operative Ltd., on loan to the McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario, CDP.27.8.1. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Moving Camp, c. 1971
Moving Camp, c. 1971. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Gift of Samuel and Esther Sarick, Toronto, 2002, 2002/10671. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Portrait of Ashoona, c. 1970
Portrait of Ashoona, c. 1970. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, The Race, c. 1973
The Race, c. 1973. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, The Shaman’s Wife, 1980
The Shaman’s Wife, 1980. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Summer Camp Scene, c. 1974
Summer Camp Scene, c. 1974. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Summer Camping, c. 1960–65
Summer Camping, c. 1960–65. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Gift of Samuel and Esther Sarick, Toronto, 2002, 2002/10656. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Summer Voyage, 1971
Summer Voyage, 1971. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Gift of Samuel and Esther Sarick, Toronto, 2002, 2002/10670. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Summer Wanderers Watch Woman Scraping Hide, 1961
Summer Wanderers Watch Woman Scraping Hide, 1961. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Tatooed Woman, 1963
Tatooed Woman, 1963. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Gift of Samuel and Esther Sarick, Toronto, 2002, 2002/9570. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Tattooed Woman, 1960
Tattooed Woman, 1960. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Gift of Samuel and Esther Sarick, Toronto, 2002, 2002/10648. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Untitled (Bird and Woman), c. 1966–76
Untitled (Bird and Woman), c. 1966–76. Collection of the West Baffin Eskimo Co-operative Ltd., on loan to the McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario, CD.27.2974. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Untitled (Bird Flying Overhead), c. 1966–67
Untitled (Bird Flying Overhead), c. 1966–67. Collection of the West Baffin Eskimo Co-operative Ltd., on loan to the McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario, CD.27.2969. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Untitled (Birds Flying Overhead), c. 1966–67
Untitled (Birds Flying Overhead), c. 1966–67. Collection of the West Baffin Eskimo Co-operative Ltd., on loan to the McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario, CD.27.3342. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Untitled (Camp joyfully greeting the return of a family member), 1976
Untitled (Camp joyfully greeting the return of a family member), 1976. Private collection. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Untitled (Solitary Figure on the Landscape), c. 1980
Untitled (Solitary Figure on the Landscape), c. 1980. Collection of the West Baffin Eskimo Co-operative Ltd., on loan to the McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario, CD.27.6405. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Untitled (Woman Attacked by Birds), c. 1966–76
Untitled (Woman Attacked by Birds), c. 1966–76. Collection of the West Baffin Eskimo Co-operative Ltd., on loan to the McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario, CD.27.1621. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Untitled, c. 1959–61
Untitled, c. 1959–61. Collection of the West Baffin Eskimo Co-operative Ltd., on loan to the McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario, CD.27.48. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Untitled, c. 1959–65
Untitled, c. 1959–65. Collection of the West Baffin Eskimo Co-operative Ltd., on loan to the McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario, CD.27.194. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Untitled, c. 1959–65
Untitled, c. 1959–65. Collection of the West Baffin Eskimo Co-operative Ltd., on loan to the McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario, CD.27.254. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Untitled, c. 1959–65
Untitled, c. 1959–65. Collection of the West Baffin Eskimo Co-operative Ltd., on loan to the McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario, CD.27.522. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Untitled, c. 1960
Untitled, c. 1960. Private collection, Kingston. Photograph by Paul Litherland. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Untitled, c. 1962
Untitled, c. 1962. Collection of the West Baffin Eskimo Co-operative Ltd., on loan to the McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario, CD.27.390. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Untitled, c. 1962–64
Untitled, c. 1962–64. Collection of the West Baffin Eskimo Co-operative Ltd., on loan to the McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario, CD.27.1247. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Untitled, c. 1965
Untitled, c. 1965. Collection of the West Baffin Eskimo Co-operative Ltd., on loan to the McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario, CD.27.819. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Untitled, c. 1965
Untitled, c. 1965. Collection of the West Baffin Eskimo Co-operative Ltd., on loan to the McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario, CD.27.907. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Untitled,  c. 1966–67
Untitled,  c. 1966–67. Collection of the West Baffin Eskimo Co-operative Ltd., on loan to the McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario, CD.27.1651. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Untitled, c. 1966–67
Untitled, c. 1966–67. Collection of the West Baffin Eskimo Co-operative Ltd., on loan to the McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario, CD.27.1306. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Untitled, c. 1966–76
Untitled, c. 1966–76. Collection of the West Baffin Eskimo Co-operative Ltd., on loan to the McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario, CD.27.1357. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Untitled, c. 1966–76
Untitled, c. 1966–76. Collection of the West Baffin Eskimo Co-operative Ltd., on loan to the McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario, CD.27.2338. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Untitled, c. 1966–76
Untitled, c. 1966–76. Collection of the West Baffin Eskimo Co-operative Ltd., on loan to the McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario, CD.27.2462 . © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Untitled, c. 1966–76
Untitled, c. 1966–76. Collection of the West Baffin Eskimo Co-operative Ltd., on loan to the McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario, CD.27.2513 . © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Untitled, 1976
Untitled, 1976. Collection of the West Baffin Eskimo Co-operative Ltd., on loan to the McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario, CD.27.4434. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Untitled, c. 1979–80
Untitled, c. 1979–80. Collection of the West Baffin Eskimo Co-operative Ltd., on loan to the McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario, CD.27.6419. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Untitled, c. 1979–80
Untitled, c. 1979–80. Collection of the West Baffin Eskimo Co-operative Ltd., on loan to the McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario, CD.27.6487. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Untitled, 1981
Untitled, 1981. Collection of the West Baffin Eskimo Co-operative Ltd., on loan to the McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario, CD.27.6601. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Winter Camping, 1966–76
Winter Camping, 1966–76. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Gift of Samuel and Esther Sarick, Toronto, 2002, 2002/10675. Dieter Hessel Photography, Courtesy of Walker’s Fine Art & Estate Auctioneers. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Woman with an Ulu, 1962
Woman with an Ulu, 1962. Canadian Museum of History, Gatineau. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Women Gutting Fish, 1960–65
Women Gutting Fish, 1960–65. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Gift of Samuel and Esther Sarick, Toronto, 2002, 2002/10657. © Dorset Fine Arts.

 

Credits for Photographs and Works by Other Artists 

 

Art Canada Institute, Napachie Pootoogook, Aliguq’s Seaweed Spirits, 1996–97
Aliguq’s Seaweed Spirits, 1996–97, by Napachie Pootoogook. Winnipeg Art Gallery, 2008-98. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Qaqaq Ashoona, Bust of a Woman Holding “Ajuktaut” Racquet, c. 1977,
Bust of a Woman Holding “Ajuktaut” Racquet, c. 1977, by Qaqaq Ashoona. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, the camp of Pitseolak’s uncle Kavavow at Idjirituq in the winter, c. 1921–22
The camp of Pitseolak’s uncle Kavavow at Idjirituq in the winter, c. 1921–22, photograph by Donald Baxter MacMillan. Peary-MacMillan Arctic Museum and Arctic Studies Center, Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Maine, 3000.33.728.
Art Canada Institute, catalogue for the McMichael Canadian Art Collection exhibition Three Women, Three Generations: Drawings by Pitseolak Ashoona, Napatchie Pootoogook and Shuvinai Ashoona
Catalogue for the McMichael Canadian Art Collection exhibition Three Women, Three Generations: Drawings by Pitseolak Ashoona, Napatchie Pootoogook and Shuvinai Ashoona (Kleinburg, ON: McMichael Canadian Art Collection, 1999).
Art Canada Institute, Napachie Pootoogook, Drawing of My Tent, 1982
Drawing of My Tent, 1982, by Napachie Pootoogook. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, first edition of Pitseolak’s autobiography, Pictures Out of My Life
The first edition of Pitseolak’s autobiography, Pictures Out of My Life (Montreal: Design Collaborative Books; Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1971).
Art Canada Institute, fox pelts hanging from the rigging of the Bowdoin at Idjirituq, 1922
Fox pelts hanging from the rigging of the Bowdoin at Idjirituq, 1922, photograph by Donald Baxter MacMillan. Peary-MacMillan Arctic Museum and Arctic Studies Center, Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Maine, 3000.33.590.
Art Canada Institute, Kumwartok Ashoona Head of a Woman, c. 1960–69
Head of a Woman, c. 1960–69, by Kumwartok Ashoona. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Hudson’s Bay Company post, Cape Dorset, 1928
Hudson’s Bay Company post, Cape Dorset, 1928, photograph by J. Dewey Soper. J. Dewey Soper fonds, University of Alberta, Edmonton, 79-21-34-206.
Art Canada Institute, Installation view of the exhibition Pitseolak at Simon Fraser Gallery, Vancouver, 1976
Installation view of the exhibition Pitseolak at Simon Fraser Gallery, Vancouver, 1976. Collection of Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada, Gatineau.
Art Canada Institute, Inuit artists and Terrence Ryan at the print studio in Cape Dorset, 1961
Inuit artists and Terrence Ryan at the print studio in Cape Dorset, 1961, photograph by B. Korda. Library and Archives Canada.
Art Canada Institute, Inuit artists of the Cape Dorset co-operative, 1961
Inuit artists of the Cape Dorset co-operative, 1961, photograph by B. Korda. Library and Archives Canada. 
Art Canada Institute, Inuit cairn on the limestone plateau at the northern tip of Baffin Island, 1929
Inuit cairn on the limestone plateau at the northern tip of Baffin Island, 1929, photograph by J. Dewey Soper. J. Dewey Soper fonds, University of Alberta, Edmonton.
Art Canada Institute, James, John, Samuel, and Alma Houston in Cape Dorset, Nunavut, 1960
James, John, Samuel, and Alma Houston in Cape Dorset, Nunavut, 1960, photograph by Rosemary Gilliat Eaton. Library and Archives Canada. 
Art Canada Institute, Jean Chrétien, Pitseolak Ashoona, and Jessie Oonark at the National Arts Centre in Ottawa, 1973
Jean Chrétien, Pitseolak Ashoona, and Jessie Oonark at the National Arts Centre in Ottawa, 1973. Collection of Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada, Gatineau.
Art Canada Institute, Sorosilutu Ashoona, Kaliviktato/Skipping, 1976
Kaliviktato/Skipping, 1976, by Sorosilutu Ashoona. Canadian Museum of History, Gatineau. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Map of southern Qikiqtaaluk (Baffin Island)
Map of southern Qikiqtaaluk (Baffin Island). © Eric Leinberger.
Art Canada Institute, Mary Ezekiel, 1958
Mary Ezekiel, 1958, photograph by Peter Pitseolak. Canadian Museum of History, Gatineau.
Art Canada Institute, Napachie Pootoogook, Napachie’s Family, 1998–99
Napachie’s Family, 1998–99, by Napachie Pootoogook. Winnipeg Art Gallery, 2008-42. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Shuvinai Ashoona, Pictures of My Drawings, 2007
Pictures of My Drawings, 2007, by Shuvinai Ashoona. Private collection. Courtesy of Feheley Fine Arts. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Pitseolak and Dorothy Harley Eber at the presentation of the artist’s autobiography, Pictures Out of My Life, 1971
Pitseolak and Dorothy Harley Eber at the presentation of the artist’s autobiography, Pictures Out of My Life, 1971, photograph by David Zimmerly. Canadian Museum of History, Gatineau.
Art Canada Institute, Pitseolak and her brother Kavavow, c. 1921–22
Pitseolak and her brother Kavavow, c. 1921–22, photograph by Donald Baxter MacMillan. Peary-MacMillan Arctic Museum and Arctic Studies Center, Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Maine. 
Art Canada Institute, Pitseolak drawing in bed in her son Kumwartok’s house, c. 1975
Pitseolak drawing in bed in her son Kumwartok’s house, c. 1975. © Tessa Macintosh.
Art Canada Institute, Pitseolak drawing in her summer tent in Cape Dorset, June 1967
Pitseolak drawing in her summer tent in Cape Dorset, June 1967. Photograph by Evelyn Crees.
Art Canada Institute, Annie Pootoogook, Pitseolak Drawing with Two Girls on the Bed, 2006
Pitseolak Drawing with Two Girls on the Bed, 2006, by Annie Pootoogook. Private Collection. Courtesy of Feheley Fine Arts. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Pitseolak in Cape Dorset, 1968
Pitseolak in Cape Dorset, 1968, photograph by Norman Hallendy. McMichael Canadian Art Collection Archives, Kleinburg, Gift of Norman Hallendy, 2007, ARC-NH2007.4.1.
Art Canada Institute,
Pitseolak in Cape Dorset, c. 1975. © Tessa Macintosh.
Art Canada Institute, Pitseolak featured on a  postage stamp released in 1993
Pitseolak was one of four Canadian women featured on a series of postage stamps released in 1993. © Canada Post.
Art Canada Institute, Pitseolak’s father, Ottochie, in Idjirituq, c. 1921–22
Pitseolak’s father, Ottochie, in Idjirituq, c. 1921–22, photograph by Donald Baxter MacMillan. Peary-MacMillan Arctic Museum and Arctic Studies Center, Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Maine, 3000.33.622.
Art Canada Institute, Napachie Pootoogook, Pitseolak’s Hardships #2, 1999–2000
Pitseolak’s Hardships #2, 1999–2000, by Napachie Pootoogook. Winnipeg Art Gallery, 2008-44. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Portrait of Pitseolak Ashoona, c. 1942–45
Portrait of Pitseolak Ashoona, c. 1942–45, photograph by Peter Pitseolak. Canadian Museum of History, Gatineau.
Art Canada Institute, J. Dewey Soper, Portrait of My Guide, Baffin Island, 1976
Portrait of My Guide, Baffin Island, 1976, by J. Dewey Soper. Arctic Institute of North America, University of Calgary.
Art Canada Institute, Portrait of Ashoona, c. 1929
Portrait of Ashoona, c. 1929, photograph by J. Dewey Soper. J. Dewey Soper fonds, University of Alberta, Edmonton, 79-21-34-206.
Art Canada Institute, postcard for the 1971 exhibition of Pitseolak’s drawings at the Innuit Gallery in Toronto
Postcard for the 1971 exhibition of Pitseolak’s drawings at the Innuit Gallery in Toronto. York University Libraries, Clara Thomas Archives and Special Collections, Avrom Isaacs fonds (F0134). York University, Toronto.
Art Canada Institute, Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau wears a fur hat and parka at the 1970 Arctic Winter Games in Yellowknife
Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau wears a fur hat and parka at the 1970 Arctic Winter Games in Yellowknife, photograph by Henry Busse. NWT Archives, Yellowknife, N-1979-052:1234. 
Art Canada Institute, printmakers Iyola Kingwatsiaq and Eegyvudluk Pootoogook in 1960
Printmakers Iyola Kingwatsiaq and Eegyvudluk Pootoogook in 1960, pulling a print of Pitseolak’s Joyful Owl, photograph by Rosemary Gilliat Eaton.
Art Canada Institute, the schooner Bowdoin at Idjirituq (Schooner Bay) during the winter, 1922
The schooner Bowdoin at Idjirituq (Schooner Bay) during the winter, 1922, photograph by Donald Baxter MacMillan. Peary-MacMillan Arctic Museum and Arctic Studies Center, Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Maine, 3000.33.422.
Art Canada Institute, sealskin appliqué by “Pitsulak,” c. 1958
Sealskin appliqué by “Pitsulak,” c. 1958. Location unknown, photographer unknown. 
Art Canada Institute, Kiakshuk, Stone Images Mark the Western Sea Route, 1960
Stone Images Mark the Western Sea Route, 1960, by Kiakshuk. Canadian Museum of History, Gatineau. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Goota Ashoona, The Story of Nuliajuk, 2009
The Story of Nuliajuk, 2009, by Goota Ashoona. Winnipeg Art Gallery, 2010-26.
Art Canada Institute, Annie Pootoogook, Three Generations, 2005
Three Generations, 2005, by Annie Pootoogook. Private Collection. Courtesy of Feheley Fine Arts. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, undated newspaper clipping of Pitseolak holding Pictures Out of My Life
An undated newspaper clipping illustrates the wide press coverage surrounding the publication of Pitseolak: Pictures Out of My Life. Collection of Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada, Gatineau.
Art Canada Institute, Kiugak Ashoona, Untitled (Childhood Dream), 1980–81
Untitled (Childhood Dream), 1980–81, by Kiugak Ashoona. Collection of the West Baffin Eskimo Co-operative Ltd., on loan to the McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario CD.64.94. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Napachie Pootoogook, Untitled (Napachie Saving Nujaliaq), 1997–98
Untitled (Napachie Saving Nujaliaq), 1997–98, by Napachie Pootoogook. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa. © Dorset Fine Arts.
Art Canada Institute, Kiakshuk, Woman Scraping Sealskin, 1961
Woman Scraping Sealskin, 1961, by Kiakshuk. Collection of the West Baffin Eskimo Co-operative Ltd., on loan to the McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario. 

 

Book Credits

 

Publisher
Sara Angel

 

Editorial Director
Meg Taylor

 

Web Director
Avery Swartz

 

Image Research Director
John Geoghegan

 

Chief Copy Editor
Ruth Gaskill

 

Editor
Meg Taylor

 

Image Research
John Geoghegan

 

Copy Editor
Ruth Gaskill

 

Translator and French Copy Editor
Dominique Denis


 

Digital Layout Manager
Simone Wharton

 

English Web Interns
Emily Derr

Heather Pierce

 

French Web Intern
Erica Yudelman

 

Design Template
Studio Blackwell

 


 

Copyright

© 2015 Art Canada Institute. All rights reserved. 
ISBN 978-1-4871-0056-8

Art Canada Institute
Massey College, University of Toronto
4 Devonshire Place
Toronto, ON M5S 2E1

Library and Archives Canada Cataloguing in Publication

Lalonde, Christine, author
Pitseolak Ashoona : life & work / by Christine Lalonde.

Includes bibliographical references.
 
Contents: Biography — Key works — Significance & critical issues — Style & technique — Sources & resources — Where to see.


Electronic monograph. 
ISBN 978-1-4871-0058-2 (pdf). —ISBN 978-1-4871-0060-5 (epub)


1. Pitseolak, 1904–1983.  2. Pitseolak, 1904–1983—Criticism 
and interpretation.  3. Inuit women artists—Canada—Biography.  I. Art Canada Institute, issuing body  II. Title.

E99.E7L25 2015                   741.092                   C2015-902100-6

Download Download