• Zaritsky, Joseph (Israeli, 1891–1985)

    An important figure in the history of modernism in Israel, Zaritsky first became interested in abstraction in the 1940s. He co-founded and later led New Horizons, an artists’ group active from around 1948 until 1963. He inspired many younger artists to break from the figurative expressionism that had dominated Israeli art.

  • Zeidler, Eberhard (German/Canadian, b. 1926)

    An architect, educated at the Bauhaus and the Technische Hochschule, University of Karlsruhe, Zeidler has lived in Canada since 1951. He has designed numerous public buildings in Canada, the United States, and Europe, including MediaPark in Cologne, Germany; Eaton Centre, Queen’s Quay Terminal, and Ontario Place in Toronto; and Canada Place in Vancouver.

  • Zelenak, Ed (Canadian, b. 1940)

    An important contemporary sculptor and a member of the London, Ontario, circle of artists active in the 1960s that included Greg Curnoe and Jack Chambers. The spiritual quality of his abstract works is expressed in materials ranging from tin and copper to plastic, fibreglass, and wood. His work is represented in public collections in Canada, the United States, and Europe.

  • Zen Buddhism

    A branch of Mahayana Buddhism, Zen Buddhism emerged in China as Chan Buddhism during the Tang Dynasty, migrating to Korea, Vietnam, and Japan in slightly different forms. It emphasizes meditation or dhyana, and seated meditation, or zazen, is a core practice. Under the shogun, Zen Buddhism in Japan attained political power and influence, though by the end of the Edo period it had declined. After the Second World War it gained popularity in the West.

  • Zuck, Tim (Canadian, b. 1947)

    Steeped in Conceptual art as a student at the Nova Scotia College of Art & Design (now NSCAD University), Halifax, and California Institute of the Arts, Valencia, in the 1970s, Zuck developed a painting and drawing practice that probes questions of perception and representation. His focused examinations of seemingly simple objects and shapes reveal their complexities to the viewer.

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